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Publication Type J
Authors AlRashidi, M; Kosztolanyi, A; Shobrak, M; Szekely, T
Author Full Name AlRashidi, Monif; Kosztolanyi, Andras; Shobrak, Mohammed; Szekely, Tamas
Title Breeding ecology of the Kentish Plover, Charadrius alexandrinus, in the Farasan Islands, Saudi Arabia (Aves: Charadriiformes)
Source ZOOLOGY IN THE MIDDLE EAST
Language English
Document Type Article
Author Keywords Parental cooperation; brood desertion; mate fidelity; nest-site fidelity
Keywords Plus NEST-SITE TENACITY; BROOD DESERTION; MATE FIDELITY; HOT ENVIRONMENT; MATING SYSTEM; SNOWY PLOVERS; PARENTAL CARE; INCUBATION; HABITAT; SUCCESS
Abstract The breeding behaviour and ecology of the Kentish Plover, Charadrius alexandrinus Linnaeus, were investigated in three consecutive years in the Farasan Islands, Saudi Arabia, where the species breeds either under halophytic bushes or in exposed sites where ground temperatures may reach 60 degrees C. Three aspects make the Farasan Island population distinct from most other Kentish Plover populations studied to date. First, incubating plovers appear to prefer nesting under halophytic bushes rather than in exposed sites, since 65.1% of nests were under bushes, whereas 34.9% of nests were in fully exposed sites. Second, both mate fidelity and nest-site fidelity were high, and pairs stayed within short distances from their previous nest sites. Third, brood desertion was very rare in the Farasan Islands - unlike most other populations where the female or the male deserts the brood shortly after hatching of the eggs - since in 95% of broods both parents attended the chick(s) (n = 153 broods). We suggest that these social traits are driven by the extreme hot environment that requires parental cooperation, although adaptation to island-dwelling and corresponding changes in life-history traits cannot be ruled out.
Author Address [AlRashidi, Monif] Univ Hail, Coll Sci, Dept Biol, Hail, Saudi Arabia; [Kosztolanyi, Andras] Eotvos Lorand Univ, Dept Ethol, H-1117 Budapest, Hungary; [Shobrak, Mohammed] Taif Univ, Coll Sci, Dept Biol, At Taif, Saudi Arabia; [Szekely, Tamas] Univ Bath, Dept Biol & Biochem, Bath BA2 7AY, Avon, England
Reprint Address AlRashidi, M (reprint author), Univ Hail, Coll Sci, Dept Biol, PO 2440, Hail, Saudi Arabia.
E-mail Address m.alrashidi@uoh.edu.sa
ResearcherID Number Kosztolanyi, Andras/B-8008-2016
ORCID Number Kosztolanyi, Andras/0000-0002-9109-5871
Funding Agency and Grant Number Ministry of Higher Education in Saudi Arabia, University of Hail; Magyary postdoctoral fellowship
Funding Text Financial support was provided by the Ministry of Higher Education in Saudi Arabia, University of Hail. We thank the Saudi Wildlife Commission (SWC), represented by SWC Secretary-General Prince Bandar bin Saud, for help in logistics and for providing facilities in the field. We also wish to extend our thanks to all those who contributed to our fieldwork by whatever means, particularly Fahed ALRASHIDI for help with the fieldwork and Peter R. LONG for help with drawing the Farasan Island map. AK was supported by a Magyary postdoctoral fellowship during manuscript preparation.
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Cited Reference Count 28
Times Cited 5
Total Times Cited Count (WoS, BCI, and CSCD) 5
Publisher TAYLOR & FRANCIS LTD
Publisher City ABINGDON
Publisher Address 4 PARK SQUARE, MILTON PARK, ABINGDON OX14 4RN, OXON, ENGLAND
ISSN 0939-7140
29-Character Source Abbreviation ZOOL MIDDLE EAST
ISO Source Abbreviation Zool. Middle East
Year Published 2011
Volume 53
Beginning Page 15
Ending Page 24
Page Count 10
Web of Science Category Zoology
Subject Category Zoology
Document Delivery Number 801GM
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000293426600003
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