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Publication Type J
Authors Song, J., J. C. Zhou, W. W. Zhao, H. L. Xu, F. X. Wang, Y. G. Xu, L. Wang and C. Y. Tian
Title Effects of salinity and nitrate on production and germination of dimorphic seeds applied both through the mother plant and exogenously during germination in Suaeda salsa
Source Plant Species Biology
Language English
Author Keywords NaCl nitrate nitrogen seed germination seed heteromorphism Suaeda salsa ion accumulation yield response nitrogen growth heteromorphism halophyte dormancy euhalophyte strategies asteraceae Plant Sciences Environmental Sciences & Ecology
Abstract Salinity and nitrogen are two important environmental factors that affect the distribution of halophytes in their natural saline habitats. Seeds of the euhalophyte Suaeda salsa L. were harvested from plants that had been treated with 1 or 500mm NaCl combined with 0.5 or 5mm NO3--N (nitrate) for 115days in a glasshouse. Germination was evaluated under different concentrations of NaCl and nitrate. Plants exposed to high salinity (500mm) and low nitrate (0.5mm) tended to produce heavy seeds. Either high salinity (500mm) or high nitrate (5mm) increased the brown/black seed ratio. The concentrations of Na+, K+, and Cl- were higher in brown than in black seeds, and NO3- concentrations were higher in black than in brown seeds, regardless of NaCl and nitrate treatments during plant culture. Regardless of NaCl and nitrate concentrations during germination, seeds from plants grown with 0.5mm nitrate generally germinated more rapidly than seeds from plants grown with 5mm nitrate, and the difference was greater for black than for brown seeds. Exogenous nitrate during germination enhanced the germination of brown seeds less than that of black seeds. Producing more brown seeds and heavy black or brown seeds appears to be an adaptation of S.suaeda to saline environments. Producing more black seeds, which tend to remain dormant, should reduce competition for nitrogen and appears to be an adaptation to nitrogen-limited environments. In conclusion, nitrate provided exogenously or by mother plants to black seeds may act as a signal molecule that enhances the germination of black S.suaeda seeds.
Author Address [Song, Jie; Zhou, Jiachao; Zhao, Weiwei; Wang, Fengxia; Xu, Yange] Shandong Normal Univ, Coll Life Sci, Key Lab Plant Stress, Jinan, Peoples R China. [Wang, Lei; Tian, Changyan] Chinese Acad Sci, Xinjiang Inst Ecol & Geog, State Key Lab Desert & Oasis Ecol, Urumqi, Peoples R China. [Xu, Hualing] Dongying Res Acad Agr Sci, Dongying, Peoples R China. Song, J (reprint author), Shandong Normal Univ, Coll Life Sci, Key Lab Plant Stress, Jinan, Peoples R China. songjieever@163.com
ISSN 0913-557X
ISBN 0913-557X
29-Character Source Abbreviation Plant Spec. Biol.
Publication Date Jan
Year Published 2016
Volume 31
Issue 1
Beginning Page 19-28
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1111/1442-1984.12071
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000368069400003
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