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Publication Type J
Authors Qin, P., R. M. Han, M. X. Zhou, H. S. Zhang, L. S. Fan, D. M. Seliskar and J. L. Gallagher
Title Ecological engineering through the biosecure introduction of Kosteletzkya virginica (seashore mallow) to saline lands in China: A review of 20 years of activity
Source Ecological Engineering
Author Keywords Kosteletzkya virginica Introduction of species Saline land restoration Biosecurity Ecological engineering Hierachical utilization arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi spartina-alterniflora north jiangsu bulk soils plantations benefits tissues stress coast seed
Abstract Over the past 20 years since its introduction, Kosteletzkya virginica has proved to be one of the optimal halophytes for saline land restoration in China. In six seashore mallow plantations, its well-developed perennial root system promoted the growth of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus in the rhizosphere, where the fungus's activity produced total glomalin (TG, ranging from 0.85 to 2.43 mg g(-1) soil), with a high ratio of TG/SOC (soil organic carbon) up to 53.29% in six-year-old seashore mallow plantation. K. virginica ameliorated the condition of saline soils, promoted native species growth, and increased plant diversity in the plantation sites. Seashore mallow contains many bioactive compounds, e.g., polysaccharides, saponins, flavonoids, etc. which have high bioactivity, and could be used as a fodder additive or for the development of health foods. The leaf, flower, stem and root of K. virginica, serve as raw materials for hierachical development of useful products according to their different properties. This study reviews and summarizes research on K. virginica in China during the past 20 years since its introduction from the USA. Also, we present guidelines for the planting and use of seashore mallow in China, in terms of an ecological engineering roadmap, which illustrates the process and strategy for the restoration of saline soils and designs for biomass industries based on its production. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Author Address [Qin, Pei; Zhou, Ming-xi; Zhang, Huan-shi] Nanjing Univ, Sch Life Sci, Halophyte Res Lab, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu, Peoples R China. [Han, Rui-ming] Nanjing Normal Univ, Coll Geog Sci, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China. [Zhang, Huan-shi] Nanjing Inst Comprehens Utilizat Wild Plants, Nanjing 210042, Jiangsu, Peoples R China. [Fan, Li-shan] Yancheng Vocat Technol Coll, Dept Text Engn, Yancheng 224005, Peoples R China. [Seliskar, Denise M.; Gallagher, John L.] Univ Delaware, Sch Marine Sci & Policy, Halophyte Biotechnol Ctr, Newark, DE 19716 USA. Qin, P (reprint author), Nanjing Univ, Sch Life Sci, Halophyte Res Lab, 1 Hankou Rd, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu, Peoples R China. qinpei@nju.edu.cn; seliskar@udel.edu
ISSN 0925-8574
ISBN 0925-8574
29-Character Source Abbreviation Ecol. Eng.
Publication Date Jan
Year Published 2015
Volume 74
Beginning Page 174-186
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2014.10.021
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000347582800021
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