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Publication Type J
Authors Zhang, H. X., D. W. Zhou, Y. Tian, Y. X. Huang and Z. W. Sun
Title Comparison of seed germination and early seedling growth responses to salinity and temperature of the halophyte Chloris virgata and the glycophyte Digitaria sanguinalis
Source Grass and Forage Science
Author Keywords germination glycophyte halophyte salinity seedling temperature songnen grassland leymus-chinensis radicle growth salt tolerance desert shrubs china light photosynthesis chenopodiaceae stress
Abstract Salinization is an increasing land degradation issue in the Songnen Grassland of northern China. Effects of salinity and temperature on seed germination and seedling growth of Chloris virgata, a promising halophyte, and Digitaria sanguinalis, a widespread glycophyte were examined in six soil solutions (0, 50, 100, 150, 200 and 250mm NaCl) and four temperatures (15, 20, 25 and 30 degrees C). Germination percentages and rates of both species decreased significantly at higher salinities, but ungerminated seeds can recover germination upon supply of distilled water. Radicle length, seedling height and the total dry weight of both species generally decreased in a concentration-dependent manner at 20 degrees C and above as the salinity increased. However, at 15 degrees C, the salt-treated seedlings showed decreases with a similar magnitude for different salinities. Low salinities seem to stimulate germination and seedling growth of C.virgata compared with the control treatment. Both species were more sensitive to salinity during the seedling stage than the germination stage. Digitaria sanguinalis from the saline Songnen Grassland region seems to develop a halophyte-like adaptive strategy to some extent. However, C.virgata may still dominate most hyperhaline areas due to its higher salt tolerance.
Author Address [Zhang, H. X.; Zhou, D. W.; Huang, Y. X.] Chinese Acad Sci, Northeast Inst Geog & Agroecol, Changchun 130012, Peoples R China. [Tian, Y.; Sun, Z. W.] Jilin Agr Univ, Anim Sci & Technol Coll, Changchun, Peoples R China. Zhang, HX (reprint author), Chinese Acad Sci, Northeast Inst Geog & Agroecol, Changchun 130012, Peoples R China. zhanghongxiang@neigae.ac.cn
ISSN 0142-5242
ISBN 0142-5242
29-Character Source Abbreviation Grass Forage Sci.
Publication Date Dec
Year Published 2013
Volume 68
Issue 4
Beginning Page 596-604
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1111/gfs.12024
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000326109400009
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