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Publication Type J
Authors Zehra, A., B. Gul, R. Ansari, A. A. Alatar, A. K. Hegazy and M. A. Khan
Title INTERACTIVE EFFECT OF SALT, LIGHT AND TEMPERATURE ON SEED GERMINATION AND RECOVERY OF A HALOPHYTIC GRASS - PHRAGMITES KARKA
Source Pakistan Journal of Botany
Author Keywords atriplex prostrata chenopodiaceae invasive prosopis-juliflora haloxylon-ammodendron salinity growth potassium responses sodium requirements tolerance
Abstract The effect of chloride and sulfate salts of Na+, K+ and Mg2+ on seed germination of a halophytic grass Phragmites karka was studied under different dark/light conditions and a range of temperature regimes. Seeds germinated better at 20/30 degrees C and their germination decreased with increases in salinity. This reduction in germination could be attributed to specific ion toxicity as well as variable osmotic stress due to the composition of salts. Among cations, K+ was generally most toxic followed by Mg2+ and Na+ but such generalizations could not be made in case of anions. Potassium sulfate was inhibitory than Mg2+ salts for seed germination. A better germination recovery from salt stress was found in 10/20 degrees C. More seeds recovered when transferred from NaCl to distilled water at all temperature regimes. Seeds treated with magnesium sulfate showed better recovery at 10/20 degrees C, while recovery in Na2SO4 and MgCl2 treated seeds was better in moderate temperatures. The salts did not affect viability of seeds which probably entered into dormancy.
Author Address [Zehra, Afsheen; Gul, Bilquees; Ansari, Raziuddin; Khan, M. Ajmal] Univ Karachi, Inst Sustainable Halophyte Utilizat, Karachi 75270, Pakistan. [Alatar, A. A.; Hegazy, A. K.; Khan, M. Ajmal] King Saud Univ, Coll Sci, Dept Bot & Microbiol, Riyadh 11451, Saudi Arabia. [Khan, M. Ajmal] Qatar Univ, Coll Arts & Sci, Dept Int Affairs, Qatar Shell Professorial Chair Sustainable Dev, Doha, Qatar. Khan, MA (reprint author), Univ Karachi, Inst Sustainable Halophyte Utilizat, Karachi 75270, Pakistan. ajmal.khan@qu.edu.qa
ISSN 0556-3321
ISBN 0556-3321
29-Character Source Abbreviation Pak. J. Bot.
Publication Date May
Year Published 2013
Volume 45
Issue 3
Beginning Page 725-736
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000320305400003
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