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Publication Type J
Authors Wolters, M. and J. P. Bakker
Title Soil seed bank and driftline composition along a successional gradient on a temperate salt marsh
Source Applied Vegetation Science
Author Keywords restoration; seed dispersal; seed longevity sea-level rise; vegetation succession; species pools; halophytes; dispersal; establishment
Abstract This study focuses on the relationship between vegetation succession and soil seed bank composition on the Schiermonnikoog (The Netherlands) salt marsh over 100 yr. The importance of driftline material in seed dispersal and the relationship with succession is also investigated. The results indicate that the majority of species have a transient or short-term seed persistent bank. Seeds of most species are able to float over the salt marsh and become concentrated in the driftline higher up the marsh. After plants have established a seed bank, forms, which disappears when vegetation is replaced by later-successional species. Exceptions are Spergularia maritima,which is still present in the seed bank of late successional stages. and Juncus gerardi and Glaax maritima, which appear in the seed bank of early successional stages, but are absent in the vegetation. Based on the results of this study constraints and possibilities for salt-marsh restoration by de-embankment are discussed.
Author Address Univ Groningen, Lab Plant Ecol, POB 14, NL-9750 AA Haren, Netherlands Univ Groningen, Lab Plant Ecol, NL-9750 AA Haren, Netherlands Ctr Ecol & Hydrol, Huntingdon PE28 2LS, Cambs, England Wolters M Univ Groningen, Lab Plant Ecol, POB 14, NL-9750 AA Haren, Netherlands
29-Character Source Abbreviation Appl. Veg. Sci.
Publication Date May
Year Published 2002
Volume 5
Issue 1
Beginning Page 55-62
Unique Article Identifier ISI:000176407800006
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