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Publication Type J
Authors Abideen, Z., R. Ansari and M. A. Khan
Title Halophytes: Potential source of ligno-cellulosic biomass for ethanol production
Source Biomass & Bioenergy
Author Keywords Bio-ethanol Cellulose Environment friendly Lignin Salinity bioethanol production salinity tolerance temperature germination fuel bermudagrass hydrolysis feedstock bioenergy growth
Abstract World reserves of petroleum are being consumed rapidly and expected to exhaust by the middle of this century. This realization has led to the introduction of various grades of ethanol supplemented fuel. However, ethanol demands met from sources used for food may cause food shortage. This necessitates exploiting saline lands to produce non-food ligno-cellulosic biomass which, may be converted into ethanol without compromising human food production. Halophytes which produce plenty of biomass using saline resources (water and soil) may be an important alternative. This study shows that species like Halopyrum mucronatum, Desmostachya bipinnata, Phragmites karka, Typha domingensis and Panicum turgidum found in the coastal region of Pakistan, have potential as bio-ethanol crops. These perennial grasses are salt tolerant with high growth rates to produce ligno-cellulosic biomass of good quality (26-37% cellulose, 24-38% hemi-cellulose and < 10% lignin) for ethanol production. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Author Address [Abideen, Zainul; Ansari, Raziuddin; Khan, M. Ajmal] Univ Karachi, Inst Sustainable Halophyte Utilizat, Karachi 75270, Pakistan. Khan, MA (reprint author), Univ Karachi, Inst Sustainable Halophyte Utilizat, Univ Rd, Karachi 75270, Pakistan. majmalk@uok.edu.pk
ISSN 0961-9534
ISBN 0961-9534
29-Character Source Abbreviation Biomass Bioenerg.
Publication Date May
Year Published 2011
Volume 35
Issue 5
Beginning Page 1818-1822
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1016/j.biombioe.2011.01.023
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000290238200026
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