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Publication Type J
Authors Voronkova, N. M., E. V. Burkovskaya, T. A. Bezdeleva and O. L. Burundukova
Title Morphological and biological features of plants related to their adaptation to coastal habitats
Source Russian Journal of Ecology
Abstract The results of studies on the biomorphological features of 22 plant species growing on the southern coast of the Russian Far East provide evidence for the diversity of pathways of their adaptation to stressful habitat conditions. An analysis of the anatomical and mesostructural characteristics of their leaves has revealed representatives of euhalophytes, crinohalophytes, and glycohalophytes among these plants. Adaptation is achieved by means of halomorphosis, haloxerophytism, and development of some heliophilic features accounted for by species-specific manifestations of succulence, the presence of salt excreting trichomes, and thick pubescence. The similarity of these adaptations to those of desert plants is discussed. Along with plants characterized by a high germination rate, species that counterbalance a low efficiency of seed reproduction by active vegetative propagation have also successfully established themselves on the coast. Adaptation to coastal habitats is also achieved due to the diversity of life forms characterized mainly by tap root systems with laterally extending branch roots, creeping shoots, and a high vegetative mobility.
Author Address [Voronkova, N. M.; Burkovskaya, E. V.; Burundukova, O. L.] Russian Acad Sci, Far E Branch, Inst Biol & Soil Sci, Vladivostok 690022, Russia. [Bezdeleva, T. A.] Russian Acad Sci, Far E Branch, Bot Garden Inst, Vladivostok 690022, Russia. Voronkova, NM (reprint author), Russian Acad Sci, Far E Branch, Inst Biol & Soil Sci, Pr Stoletiya Vladivostoka 159, Vladivostok 690022, Russia. Voronkova@ibss.dvo.ru; Burkovskaya@ibss.dvo.ru
ISSN 1067-4136
ISBN 1067-4136
Publication Date Jan
Year Published 2008
Volume 39
Issue 1
Beginning Page 1-7
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1134/s1067413608010013
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000252695100001
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