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Publication Type J
Authors Ventura, Y. and M. Sagi
Title Halophyte crop cultivation: The case for Salicornia and Sarcocornia
Source Environmental and Experimental Botany
Author Keywords Cash crop halophytes Salinity Agrotechniques Cultivation systems Harvesting Flowering Nutritional value N-fertilization spinach tetragonia-tetragonioides edible wild plants salt tolerance crithmum-maritimum salinity tolerance seed-germination mesembryanthemum-crystallinum antioxidant activity water relations bigelovii torr
Abstract Increasing soil salinization and the growing scarcity of fresh water dictate the need for a creative solution to attain sustainable crop production. To accomplish this aim, the domestication of inherently salt tolerant plant species with economic value is proposed as a straightforward methodology. Most studies investigating salt tolerance mechanisms are linked to small, experimental systems that cannot be generalized to the real agricultural context. The crops Salicornia and Sarcocornia, however, with their extreme salt tolerance and long history of consumption by humans, make the ideal model plants on which to base a halophyte growth strategy. New applied technologies were developed for leafy vegetable production using small-scale greenhouse and in-field studies. Several cultivation systems adapted to the irrigation water salinity and the available soil conditions are described. Daylength manipulation and a repetitive harvest regime partially elucidated the flowering patterns of Salicornia and Sarcocornia and showed that flowering should be prevented for maximal vegetable production. Additionally, the beneficial effect of saline irrigation on quality parameters via the enhancement of stress-induced secondary metabolites with antioxidant capacity should be considered during cultivation. This review summarizes the recent developments in growing halophytes for food production with saline irrigation, using Salicornia and Sarcocornia as a case study. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Author Address [Ventura, Yvonne; Sagi, Moshe] Ben Gurion Univ Negev, Albert Katz Dept Dryland Biotechnol, Jacob Blaustein Inst Desert Res, IL-84105 Beer Sheva, Israel. Sagi, M (reprint author), Ben Gurion Univ Negev, Albert Katz Dept Dryland Biotechnol, Jacob Blaustein Inst Desert Res, POB 653, IL-84105 Beer Sheva, Israel. gizi@bgu.ac.il
ISSN 0098-8472
ISBN 0098-8472
29-Character Source Abbreviation Environ. Exp. Bot.
Publication Date Aug
Year Published 2013
Volume 92
Beginning Page 144-153
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1016/j.envexpbot.2012.07.010
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000320678600014
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