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Publication Type J
Authors Teakle, N. L., N. Bazihizina, S. Shabala, T. D. Colmer, E. G. Barrett-Lennard, A. Rodrigo-Moreno and A. E. Lauchli
Title Differential tolerance to combined salinity and O-2 deficiency in the halophytic grasses Puccinellia ciliata and Thinopyrum ponticum: The importance of K+ retention in roots
Source Environmental and Experimental Botany
Author Keywords Adventitious roots Halophytes Membrane potential Potassium Sodium Waterlogging nonselective cation channels salt-tolerance plasma-membrane arabidopsis root flooding tolerance microelectrode ion higher-plants transport wheat potassium
Abstract Saline environments of terrestrial halophytes are often prone to waterlogging, yet the effects on halophytes of combined salinity and waterlogging have rarely been studied. Either salinity or hypoxia (low O-2) alone can interfere with K+ homeostasis, therefore the combination of salinity or hypoxia is expected to impact significantly on K+ retention in roots. We studied mechanisms of tolerance to the interaction of salinity with hypoxia in Puccinellia ciliate and Thinopyrum ponticum, halophytic grasses that differ in waterlogging tolerance. Plants were exposed to aerated and stagnant saline (250 mM NaCl) treatments with low (0.25 mM) and high (4 mM) K+ levels; growth, net ion fluxes and tissue ion concentrations were determined. P. ciliate was more tolerant than T. ponticum to stagnant-saline treatment, producing twice the biomass of adventitious roots, which accumulated high levels of Na+, and had lower shoot Na+. After 24 h of saline hypoxic treatment, MIFE measurements revealed a net uptake of K+ (similar to 40 nmol m(-2) s(-1)) for P. ciliate, but a net loss of K+ (similar to 20 nmol m(-2) s(-1)) for the more waterlogging sensitive T. ponticum. NaCl alone induced K+ efflux from roots of both species, with channel blocker tests implicating GORK-like channels. P. ciliate had constitutively a more negative root cell membrane potential than T. ponticum (-150 versus -115 mV). Tolerance to salinity and hypoxia in P. ciliate is related to increased production of adventitious roots, regulation of shoot K+/Na+, and a superior ability to maintain negative membrane potential in root cells, resulting in greater retention of K+. (C) 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Author Address [Teakle, N. L.; Bazihizina, N.; Barrett-Lennard, E. G.] Univ Western Australia, State Ctr Excellence Ecohydrol, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia. [Teakle, N. L.; Bazihizina, N.; Colmer, T. D.; Barrett-Lennard, E. G.; Laeuchli, A. E.] Univ Western Australia, Sch Plant Biol, Crawley, WA 6019, Australia. [Shabala, S.; Rodrigo-Moreno, A.] Univ Tasmania, Sch Agr Sci, Hobart, Tas 7001, Australia. [Shabala, S.; Rodrigo-Moreno, A.] Univ Tasmania, Tasmanian Inst Agr Res, Hobart, Tas 7001, Australia. [Colmer, T. D.] Univ Western Australia, UWA Inst Agr, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia. [Barrett-Lennard, E. G.] Dept Agr & Food Western Australia, S Perth, WA 6151, Australia. [Laeuchli, A. E.] Univ Calif Davis, Dept Land Air & Water Resources, Davis, CA 95616 USA. [Rodrigo-Moreno, A.] Univ Autonoma Barcelona, Fac Biociencies, E-08193 Barcelona, Spain. Colmer, TD (reprint author), Univ Western Australia, Sch Plant Biol M084, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia. n.ayers@ecu.edu.au; nadia.bazihizina@uwa.edu.au; Sergey.Shabala@utas.edu.au; timothy.colmer@uwa.edu.au; ed.barrett-lennard@agric.wa.gov.au; Ana.Rodrigo@uab.cat; aelauchli@ucdavis.edu
ISSN 0098-8472
ISBN 0098-8472
29-Character Source Abbreviation Environ. Exp. Bot.
Publication Date Mar
Year Published 2013
Volume 87
Beginning Page 69-78
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1016/j.envexpbot.2012.09.006
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000315837300008
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