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Publication Type J
Authors Tattini, M., G. Montagni and M. L. Traversi
Title Gas exchange, water relations and osmotic adjustment in Phillyrea latifolia grown at various salinity concentrations
Source Tree Physiology
Author Keywords chloride; glucose; leaf water and osmotic potential; mannitol; net CO2 assimilation rate; root/shoot ratio; sodium; stomatal conductance root-zone salinity; salt tolerance; nacl stress; transgenic tobacco; subsequent relief; apium-graveolens; spinach leaves; non-halophytes; leaf blades; plants
Abstract Leaf gas exchange, water relations and osmotic adjustment were studied in hydroponically grown Phillyrea latifolia L. plants exposed to 5 weeks of salinity stress (0, 80, 160, 240 and 320 mM NaCl) followed by 5 weeks of treatment with half-strength Hoagland solution. Whole-plant relative growth rate and root/shoot and lateral/structural root ratios were also evaluated. Net CO2 assimilation rate, stomatal conductance and transpiration rate were markedly decreased by all of the salt treatments. Growth was also strongly depressed by all salt treatments, especially lateral root growth. Leaf water potential decreased soon after salinity stress was imposed, whereas there was a lag of several weeks before leaf osmotic potential decreased in response to the salt treatments. After 5 weeks of salinization, leaf turgor of salt-treated plants was similar to that of controls. Although Ne+ + Cl- contributed little to the salt-induced changes in osmotic potential at full turgor (Psi(piFT)), the contributions of K+, mannitol (Man) and glucose (Glc) to Psi(piFT) markedly increased as external salinity increased. Salt accumulation was negligible in the youngest leaves, which mostly accumulated soluble carbohydrates and K+: in contrast, old leaves served as storage sinks for Na+ and Cl-. Photosynthetic performance of salt-treated plants fully recovered once salt was leached from the root zone, with the recovery rate depending on the severity of the salt stress previously experienced by the plants. Recovery of gas exchange occurred even though the leaves still had a salt load similar to that detected in leaves at the end of the 5-week salinity period, and had markedly lower concentrations of K+ and soluble carbohydrates than control leaves. We conclude that salt- induced water stress primarily controlled gas exchange of salt- treated P. latifolia leaves, whereas the salt load in the leaves did not cause irreversible damage to the photosynthetic apparatus.
Author Address CNR, Ist Propagazione Specie Legnose, Via Ponte Formicola 76, I-50018 Florence, Italy CNR, Ist Propagazione Specie Legnose, I-50018 Florence, Italy Tattini M CNR, Ist Propagazione Specie Legnose, Via Ponte Formicola 76, I-50018 Florence, Italy
29-Character Source Abbreviation Tree Physiol.
Publication Date Apr
Year Published 2002
Volume 22
Issue 6
Beginning Page 403-412
Unique Article Identifier ISI:000175280200005
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