Loading content, please wait..
loading..
Logo
Version 3.20
or
Publication Type J
Authors Sobrado, M. A.
Title Influence of external salinity on the osmolality of xylem sap, leaf tissue and leaf gland secretion of the mangrove Laguncularia racemosa (L.) Gaertn
Source Trees-Structure and Function
Author Keywords Laguncularia racemosa; mangroves; leaf salt secretion; water relations; xylem osmolality avicennia-germinans l.; marina forsk vierh; salt balance; aegiceras-corniculatum; water relations; leaves; plants; halophytes; pressure; nacl
Abstract This study assessed if mature leaves of Laguncularia racemosa were able to demonstrate salt secretion, and if the magnitude of secretion was a function of soil salinity. Thus, salinity influence on the osmolality of leaf tissue, xylem sap and leaf secretion was assessed in field and glasshouse experiments. As salinity increased, solutes were accumulated in sufficient quantity to decrease osmotic potential over the whole range of water potential. In the field, xylem osmolality (mol m(-3)) increased with salinity from 32.4 +/- 2.9 at 17parts per thousand to 38.2 +/- 0.6 at 28parts per thousand. Similarly, in the glasshouse, xylem sap osmolality (mol m(-3)) increased from 33.4 +/- 1.8 (15parts per thousand) to 40.6 +/- 1.5 (30parts per thousand). Changes in Ne concentration explained about 51- 58% of increase in xylem osmolality. Rates of secretion (mmol m(-2) day(-1)) in the field increased from 0.80 +/- 0.12 (17parts per thousand) to 1.16 +/- 0.14 (28parts per thousand), and in the glasshouse the secretion increased from 0.73 +/- 0.07 (15parts per thousand) to 1.25 +/- 0.07 (30parts per thousand). The Na' accounted for 40-53% of total secretion. This study presented evidence of the capability of mature leaves of L. racemosa to secrete salt for the first time, and that the rates of secretion were enhanced as soil salinity increased.
Author Address Univ Simon Bolivar, Dept Biol Organismos, Lab Biol Ambiental Plantas, Apartado 89-000, Caracas 1080A, Venezuela Univ Simon Bolivar, Dept Biol Organismos, Lab Biol Ambiental Plantas, Caracas 1080A, Venezuela Sobrado MA Univ Simon Bolivar, Dept Biol Organismos, Lab Biol Ambiental Plantas, Apartado 89-000, Caracas 1080A, Venezuela
29-Character Source Abbreviation Trees-Struct. Funct.
Publication Date Jul
Year Published 2004
Volume 18
Issue 4
Beginning Page 422-427
Unique Article Identifier ISI:000222943100006
Plants associated with this reference

LEGAL NOTICES — This website is protected by Copyright © The University of Sussex, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020. The eHALOPH database is protected by Database Right and Copyright © The University of Sussex and other contributors, 2006, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020. This database is based on an earlier work by James Aronson.
THIS WEBSITE AND THIS DATABASE ARE PROVIDED ON AN "AS IS" BASIS, AND YOU USE THEM AND RELY ON THEM AT YOUR OWN RISK.

Contact email: halophytes@sussex.ac.uk
Credits – Tim Flowers, Joaquim Santos, Moritz Jahns, Brian Warburton, Peter Reed