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Publication Type J
Authors Rozema, J., F. Dorel, R. Janissen, G. Lenssen, R. Broekman, W. Arp and B. G. Drake
Title Effect of Elevated Atmospheric Co2 on Growth, Photosynthesis and Water Relations of Salt-Marsh Grass Species
Source Aquatic Botany
Abstract The C3 grass species Scirpus maritimus L. and Puccinellia maritima (Huds.) Parl., and the C4 grass species Spartina anglica C.E. Hubbard and Spartina patens (Ait.) Muhl. were grown at ambient (340 p.p.m. CO2) and elevated (580 p.p.m. CO2) atmospheric CO2 concentration, at low (10 mM NaCl) and high salinity (250 mM NaCl) under aerated and anaerobic conditions in the culture solution. The relative growth rate of both the C3 grass species was enhanced with atmospheric CO2 enrichment, no such increase was found in the C4 grass species. High salinity reduced growth of the C3 species tested, but this relative growth reduction was not prevented by elevated CO2 concentration. The growth increase at elevated CO2 of Scirpus maritimus and Puccinellia maritima is greater under aerated than under anaerobic solution conditions. Water-use efficiency of all species was increased by elevated CO2. In the case of Scirpus (C3), this increase was caused by increased net photosynthesis, for Spartina patens (C4) photosynthesis was not increased, but transpiration was reduced. The water potential of the shoot was less negative under conditions of CO2 enrichment, in particular at increased salinity (250 mM NaCl).
Publication Date Feb
Year Published 1991
Volume 39
Issue 1-2
Beginning Page 45-55
Unique Article Identifier ISI:A1991FC98500005
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