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Publication Type J
Authors Oku, H., S. Baba, H. Koga, K. Takara and H. Iwasaki
Title Lipid composition of mangrove and its relevance to salt tolerance
Source Journal of Plant Research
Abstract Lipid compositions of mangrove trees were studied in relation to the salt-tolerance mechanism. Leaves and roots were obtained from seven mature mangrove trees on Iriomote Island, Okinawa: Bruguiera gymnorrhiza, Rhizophora stylosa, Kandelia candel, Lumnitzera racemosa, Avicennia marina, Pemphis acidula and Sonneratia alba. Lipids of mangrove leaves mainly consisted of 11 lipid classes: polar lipids, unknown (UK) 1-6, sterols, triacyl glycerols, wax ester and sterol ester (UK 3 and 4 were found to be tri-terpenoid alcohol in this study). Of these lipid classes, sterol ester was the main lipid in all species comprising 17.6-33.7% of total lipids. Analysis of the chemical structure found that the sterol esters mainly consisted of fatty acid esters of tri-terpenoid alcohols. One major tri-terpenoid alcohol was identified to be lupeol by interpretation of infrared resonance, nuclear magnetic resonance and mass spectrometry. Because of the unique anatomy of the mangrove root, lipid analyses were made separately for epidermis, cortex and innermost stele, respectively. The concentration of free tri-terpenoid alcohols showed a higher tendency in the outside part than in the inside portion of the roots, suggesting their protective roles. Relevance of lipid composition to salt tolerance was studied with propagules of K. candel and B. gymnorrhiza planted with varied salt concentrations. The proportions of free tri-terpenoids increased with salinity in both leaves and roots of K. candel, and only in roots of B. gymnorrhiza. No salt-dependent changes were noted in the phospholipid and fatty acid compositions in both species. These findings suggested that salt stress specifically modulated the terpenoid concentrations in mangroves.
Publication Date Feb
Year Published 2003
Volume 116
Issue 1
Beginning Page 37-45
Unique Article Identifier ISI:000181228000006
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