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Publication Type J
Authors Nabil, M. and A. Coudret
Title Effects of sodium chloride on growth, tissue elasticity and solute adjustment in two Acacia nilotica subspecies
Source Physiologia Plantarum
Author Keywords Acacia nilotica/ elastic modulus/ ions/ osmotic adjustment/ proline/ salinity/ ssp cupressiformis/ ssp tomentosa/ water relations/ WATER POTENTIAL COMPONENTS/ OSMOTIC ADJUSTMENT/ SEASONAL-CHANGES/ SALT TOLERANCE/ CELL-WALL/ SALINITY/ LEAVES/ PRESSURE/ HALOPHYTES/ DEFICITS salinity file
Abstract The objective of this study was to compare whole plant growth and physiological responses to salt stress of two Acacia nilotica subspecies (ssp. cupressiformis and ssp. tomentosa). Salt stress was induced by adding NaCl at different concentrations to the nutrient solution: 0, 75, 100 and 200 mM. After one month under such stress, plants were still healthy and actively growing in both subspecies up to 100 mM NaCl. Water potential (psi) and osmotic potential (pi) decreased with salinity and the lower pi enabled the plants to maintain turgor. Hofler diagrams confirmed that osmotic adjustment had occurred under all treatments. Furthermore, the point of zero turgor occurred at a higher relative water content. An increase in the elastic modulus (epsilon) was observed under stress (low elasticity of the cell wall). Both osmotic adjustment and a high epsilon modified the capacity of both subspecies to maintain a positive water balance. Accumulation of ions (Na+, K+ and Cl-) and proline could explain such osmotic adjustment. Acacia nilotica ssp. cupressiformis showed a higher absorption of K+ than ssp. tomentosa up to 100 mM NaCl treatment.
Year Published 1995
Volume 93
Issue 2
Beginning Page 217-224
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