Loading content, please wait..
loading..
Logo
Version 3.20
or
Publication Type J
Authors Martinez, M. L., T. Valverde and P. Morenocasasola
Title Germination Response to Temperature, Salinity, Light and Depth of Sowing of 10 Tropical Dune Species
Source Oecologia
Abstract This study describes the germination responses of ten tropical dune species to several factors to which their seeds are exposed in the field. Species studied were: three sand dune endemics (Amaranthus greggii, Palafoxia lindenii, and Trachypogon gouini), three pantropical coastal species (Sesuvium portulacastrum, Sporobolus virginicus and Ipomoea stolonifera) and four cosmopolitan grasses also found inland (Panicum repens, Panicum maximum, Pappophorum vaginatum and Andropogon glomeratus). Six species germinated when. exposed to different constant temperatures. Four required temperature fluctuation (S. portulacastrum, P. lindenii, S. virginicus, P. repens). Light promoted germination of three species (S. Portulacastrum, P. vaginatum, P. lindenii). Species varied in their degree of sensitivity to salinity. Seeds of T. gouini, L stolonifera, S. portulacastrum, P. repens, P. maximum and P. vaginatum were able to germinate under some of the salinity concentrations. Not all species were able to recover after being transferred to distilled water. Seedling emergence was inhibited when seeds were buried. This response was related to depth and to seed size. S. portulacastrum and S. virginicus were the most affected. Nitrates only affected germination response of two species. Seed age promoted germination under a wider range of conditions. P. lindenii showed very heterogeneous responses depending on seed cohort. No dormancy mechanisms were found, other than a thermoperiod and/or light requirement for some of the species. Cosmopolitan grasses tolerated both sand burial and salinity, although the endemics were the most successful in emerging from sand burial; coastal pantropicals were very tolerant to high saline concentrations and recovered completely.
Publication Date Dec
Year Published 1992
Volume 92
Issue 3
Beginning Page 343-353
Unique Article Identifier ISI:A1992KC35700006
Plants associated with this reference

LEGAL NOTICES — This website is protected by Copyright © The University of Sussex, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020. The eHALOPH database is protected by Database Right and Copyright © The University of Sussex and other contributors, 2006, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020. This database is based on an earlier work by James Aronson.
THIS WEBSITE AND THIS DATABASE ARE PROVIDED ON AN "AS IS" BASIS, AND YOU USE THEM AND RELY ON THEM AT YOUR OWN RISK.

Contact email: halophytes@sussex.ac.uk
Credits – Tim Flowers, Joaquim Santos, Moritz Jahns, Brian Warburton, Peter Reed