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Version 3.24
Publication Type J
Authors Lymbery, A. J., G. D. Kay, R. G. Doupe, G. J. Partridge and H. C. Norman
Title The potential of a salt-tolerant plant (Distichlis spicata cv. NyPa Forage) to treat effluent from inland saline aquaculture and provide livestock feed on salt-affected farmland
Source Science of the Total Environment
Author Keywords Salinity Inland saline aquaculture Effluent Constructed wetlands Saltland pasture Agri-aquaculture constructed wetlands waste-water trout farm production systems shrimp farm flow removal irrigation halophyte nitrogen
Abstract Dryland salinity is a major problem affecting food production from agricultural land in Australia and throughout the world. Although there is much interest in using saline groundwater to grow marine fish on salt-affected farmland, the disposal of nutrient enriched, saline aquaculture effluent is a major environmental problem. We investigated the potential of the salt-tolerant NyPa Forage plant (Distichlis spicata L. Greene var. yensen-4a) to trap nutrients from saline aquaculture effluent and subsequently to provide a fodder crop for livestock Sub-surface flow wetlands containing NyPa Forage were constructed and their efficacy in removing total nitrogen, ammonia, nitrite/nitrate, total phosphorus and orthophosphate was monitored under different levels of nutrients and salinity. The wetlands removed 60-90% of total nitrogen loads and at least 85% of ammonia, nitrite/nitrate, total phosphorus and orthophosphate loads, with greater efficiency at high nutrient and low salinity levels. The above-ground yield, sodium, crude protein (CP) and in vitro dry matter digestibility (DMD) of NyPa Forage plants were measured after fertilisation with different nutrient levels and cropping at different frequencies. Yield of plants increased with increased nutrient, while nutritive value was greater when nutrients were applied but did not differ among nutrient levels. Yield was not affected by cropping frequency, but nutritive value was greatest when plants were cropped at intervals of 21 or 42 days. At optimum nutrient addition and cropping levels, the plants had a mean CP content of 16.7% and an in vitro DMD of 67.6%, equivalent to an energy value of 9.5 MJ kg(-1). Assuming an equivalent fibre content and voluntary food intake as grass hay, and no accumulation of other toxic minerals, these nutritive values would be sufficient for maintenance or moderate liveweight gains in dry adult sheep or cattle. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Author Address Murdoch Univ, Sch Vet & Life Sci, Fish Hlth Unit, Murdoch, WA 6150, Australia. Murdoch Univ, Sch Vet & Life Sci, Freshwater Fish Grp, Murdoch, WA 6150, Australia. Challenger Inst Technol, Australian Ctr Appl Aquaculture Res, Fremantle, WA 6160, Australia. CSIRO Anim Food & Hlth Sci, Wembley, WA 6193, Australia. Lymbery, AJ (reprint author), Murdoch Univ, Sch Vet & Life Sci, Fish Hlth Unit, South St, Murdoch, WA 6150, Australia. a.lymbery@murdoch.edu.au
ISSN 0048-9697
ISBN 0048-9697
29-Character Source Abbreviation Sci. Total Environ.
Publication Date Feb
Year Published 2013
Volume 445
Beginning Page 192-201
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2012.12.058
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000316826800022
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