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Publication Type J
Authors Lonard, R. I., F. W. Judd and R. Stalter
Title The Biological Flora of Coastal Dunes and Wetlands: Batis maritima C. Linnaeus
Source Journal of Coastal Research
Author Keywords Saltwort morphology geographical distribution habitats communities population biology reproduction geomorphological interactions interactions with other species salt-marsh succulents halophytic vegetation northern venezuela plant-communities mangrove forests alluvial plain water-use california bataceae salinity
Abstract LONARD, RI.; JUDD, F.W., and STALTER, R., 2011. The biological flora of coastal dunes and wetlands: Batis maritima C. Linnaeus. Journal of Coastal Research, 27(3), 441-449. West Palm Beach (Florida), ISSN 0749-0208. Batis maritima C. Linnaeus (maritime saltwort) is a New World subtropical and tropical trailing subshrub that forms dense colonies in salt marshes, brackish marshes, and mangrove swamps and frequently is found on the margins of salt pans and wind-tidal flats. It typically occurs at elevations less than 1.0 m above mean sea level and at sites where salinity ranges from 18 to 50 ppt. Leaf succulence increases significantly in the dry season and leaves are shed, thereby reducing salt-induced stress. Batis maritima occurs in sites normally subject to minimal sand coverage. However, wrack deposits stimulate growth. Maritime saltwort provides cover and nesting sites for some species of birds, but glucosinolate compounds in shoots make the plants unpalatable to most large vertebrates, with the exception of marine iguanas in the Galapagos Islands. Recently, B. maritima is proposed to have a major role in reducing ozone levels in the stratosphere.
Author Address [Lonard, Robert I.; Judd, Frank W.] Univ Texas Pan Amer, Dept Biol, Edinburg, TX 78539 USA. [Stalter, Richard] St Johns Univ, Dept Biol Sci, Queens, NY 11439 USA. Lonard, RI, Univ Texas Pan Amer, Dept Biol, Edinburg, TX 78539 USA.
ISSN 0749-0208
ISBN 0749-0208
29-Character Source Abbreviation J. Coast. Res.
Publication Date May
Year Published 2011
Volume 27
Issue 3
Beginning Page 441-449
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.2112/jcoastres-d-10-00142.1
Unique Article Identifier ISI:000290645600004
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