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Publication Type J
Authors Janousek, C. N. and C. L. Folger
Title Inter-specific variation in salinity effects on germination in Pacific Northwest tidal wetland plants
Source Aquatic Botany
Author Keywords Climate change Environmental stress Halophyte Plant growth Recruitment Species distribution seed-germination salt tolerance early establishment inundation regime estuarine marshes hordeum-jubatum soil-salinity halophytes growth patterns
Abstract Environmental stressors such as salinity may affect plant germination and early growth, eventually impacting the distribution and abundance of more mature individuals. In a lab study we evaluated germination sensitivity to salinity in 13 tidal wetland species found in the Pacific Northwest and then compared germination responses with the distributions of established plants along a soil salinity gradient. For two species we also tested whether seeds from wetlands with different salinity regimes varied in their tolerance of higher salinity. All species examined, except Sarcocornia perennis and Symphyotrichum subspicatum, showed maximum germination and seedling lengths under fresh to oligohaline (0-5 ppt) conditions. Most species, including those commonly distributed in more saline wetland soils as adults, had reduced germination at salinities >= 10 ppt. Sensitivity to elevated salinity in Triglochin maritima and Hordeum brachyantherum did not differ markedly between sampled populations. Our results show a mismatch between germination sensitivity and adult tolerance for about half of the species tested. The occurrence of low salinity in time or space may be necessary for optimal germination rates in these species. Future increases in estuarine salinity, perhaps in response to sea-level rise or reduced coastal precipitation, may alter germination patterns in tidal wetland plants and thereby shift plant composition. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. (outside of the USA)
Author Address [Janousek, Christopher N.; Folger, Christina L.] US EPA, Western Ecol Div, Newport, OR 97365 USA. Janousek, CN (reprint author), US EPA, Western Ecol Div, 2111 SE Marine Sci Dr, Newport, OR 97365 USA. Janousek.Chris@epa.gov; Folger.Christina@epa.gov
ISSN 0304-3770
ISBN 0304-3770
29-Character Source Abbreviation Aquat. Bot.
Publication Date Nov
Year Published 2013
Volume 111
Beginning Page 104-111
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1016/j.aquabot.2013.06.009
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000328099800017
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