Loading content, please wait..
loading..
Logo
Version 3.24
or
Publication Type J
Authors Ishikawa, S. I. and N. Kachi
Title Shoot population dynamics of Carex kobomugi on a coastal sand dune in relation to its zonal distribution
Source Australian Journal of Botany
Abstract Shoot population dynamics of Carer kobomugi Ohwi, a rhizomatous perennial sedge with a guerilla-type growth form, dominating on Japanese coastal dunes, were examined to detect factors generating the zonal distribution pattern of the plant species. Relative growth rate of shoot (RGRS) and number of branching shoots formed by a mother shoot in a year (NBr) were measured in three populations occurring at three different distances from the shoreline. In 1992, Carer kobomugi shoots at the most inland site (90 m from the shoreline), where Imperata cylindrica var. koenigii dominated and soil-water salinity is always low, showed the lowest RGRS (0.0172 g g(-1) day(-1) from April to June and 0.00079 g g(-1) day(-1) in July) and the smallest NBr (1.3 shoots shoot(-1) year(-1) averaged for 3 years). Shoots of the species at the most seaward site (40 m from the shoreline), where the soil-water salinity is always higher than that of more inland sites, showed the highest RGRS (0.0228 g g(-1) day(-1) from April to June and 0.0093 g g(-1) day(-1) in July) and the largest NBr (2.5 shoots(-1)). However, Cares kobomugi population at the 40 m site had a high fraction of injured shoots (46% of total shoots sampled), which were recorded as shoots without any greenish above-ground part, and high mortality (0.34) due to temporal flooding of sea water caused by storms. In the intermediate site (70 m from the shoreline), Carex kobomugi had intermediate RGRS and NBr with low injury rate. The NBr value, however, showed a decreasing trend over the 3 years of observation, suggesting deteriorating effects of intraspecific competition on population dynamics. In the spring of the fourth year, shoots of Caret kobomugi at 70 m and 90 m from the shoreline produced 1.2 to 2.0 times higher number of buds per shoot than the 3-year-averaged NBrs. This suggests that some fractions of the buds were terminated or became dormant through intra- and/or inter-specific competition. The sparse distribution of Cares kobomugi at the 9C m site may be dictated by its competitive inferiority to Imperata cylindrica which has a denser root system and an aggressive growth form of a phalanx type.
Year Published 1998
Volume 46
Issue 1
Beginning Page 111-121
Unique Article Identifier ISI:000073242400009
Plants associated with this reference

LEGAL NOTICES — This website is protected by Copyright © The University of Sussex, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021, 2022. The eHALOPH database is protected by Database Right and Copyright © The University of Sussex and other contributors, 2006, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021, 2022. This database is based on an earlier work by James Aronson.
THIS WEBSITE AND THIS DATABASE ARE PROVIDED ON AN "AS IS" BASIS, AND YOU USE THEM AND RELY ON THEM AT YOUR OWN RISK.

Contact email: halophytes@sussex.ac.uk
Credits – Tim Flowers, Joaquim Santos, Moritz Jahns, Brian Warburton, Peter Reed