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Publication Type J
Authors Grieve, C. M., J. A. Poss, S. R. Grattan, P. J. Shouse, J. H. Lieth and L. Zeng
Title Productivity and mineral nutrition of Limonium species irrigated with saline wastewaters
Source Hortscience
Author Keywords cut flowers; drainage water reuse; ion selectivity; salinity; sand cultures; statice; stem length water relations; tolerance; stress; accumulation; growth; ratios; plant,Plumbaginaceae,halophyte
Abstract To explore the possibility that saline wastewaters may be used to grow commercially acceptable floriculture crops, a study was initiated to determine the effects of salinity on two statice cultivars. Limonium perezii (Stapf) F. T. Hubb. 'Blue Seas' and L. sinuatum (L.) Mill 'American Beauty' were grown in greenhouse sand cultures irrigated with waters prepared to simulate saline drainage waters typically present in the western San Joaquin Valley (SJV) of California. Seven salinity treatments were imposed on 3-week-old seedlings. Electrical conductivities of the irrigation waters (EC) were 2.5 (control), 7, 11, 15, 20, 25, and 30 dS center dot m(-1). Vegetative shoots were sampled for biomass production and ion analysis ten weeks after application of stress. Flower stem numbers, length, and weight were determined at harvest. Stem length of L. perezii was significantly reduced when irrigation water salinity exceeded a threshold of 2.5 dS center dot m(-1). Salt tolerance threshold based on stem length for L. sinuatum was 7 dS m-1. The species exhibited significant differences in shoot-ion relations which appear to be related to differences in salt tolerance. Sodium, K+, Mg2+, and total-P were more strongly accumulated in the leaves of L. sinuatum than L. perezii. Both species accumulated K+ in preference to Na+, but selectivity for K+ over Na+ was significantly higher in L. sinualum than in the more salt-sensitive L. perezii. Chloride concentration in L. sinuatum leaves increased significantly as salinity increased, whereas the 20-fold increase in substrate- Cl had no effect on leaf-Cl in L. perezii. Both Limonium species completed their life cycles at salt concentrations exceeding 30 dS center dot m(-1), a character associated with halophytic plants. Maximum growth of each species, however, occurred under relatively low salt stress, and steadily declined as external salinity increased. Based on this crop productivity response, L. perezii should be rated as sensitive and L sinuatum as moderately tolerant.
Author Address USDA ARS, George E Brown Jr Salin Lab, 450 W Big Springs Rd, Riverside, CA 92507 USA USDA ARS, George E Brown Jr Salin Lab, Riverside, CA 92507 USA Univ Calif Davis, Dept Land Air & Water Resources, Davis, CA 95616 USA USDA ARS, Crop Genet & Prod Res, Stoneville, MS 38776 USA Grieve CM USDA ARS, George E Brown Jr Salin Lab, 450 W Big Springs Rd, Riverside, CA 92507 USA
29-Character Source Abbreviation Hortscience
Publication Date Jun
Year Published 2005
Volume 40
Issue 3
Beginning Page 654-658
Unique Article Identifier ISI:000229399200033
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