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Publication Type J
Authors El-Morsy, E. M.
Title Microfungi from the ectorhizosphere-rhizoplane zone of different halophytic plants from the Red Sea coast of Egypt
Source Mycologia
Author Keywords multivariate analysis salt marshes terrestrial fungi water activity xerophilic xerotolerant CANONICAL CORRESPONDENCE-ANALYSIS FUNCTIONAL-RELATIONSHIPS SOIL MICROFUNGI WATER STRESS FUNGI ENVIRONMENT FOREST MYCOFLORA PATTERNS GRADIENT Mycology
Abstract The mycota colonizing the ectorhizosphere-rhizoplane zone of Avicennia marina, Halocnemum Strobilecium, Zygophyllum album, Z. coccineum, Z. simplex, Arthrocnemum macrostachum and Limonastrum monopetalum were investigated along the Red Sea Coast of Egypt. Czapek-Dox basal medium in seawater with different carbon sources (glucose, xylan, starch, cellulose and tannin) in replacement of sucrose, was used as isolation medium. A total of 31 microfungal species belonging to mitosporic fungi (36 spp.), Zygomycota (3 spp.) and Ascomycota (2 spp.) were isolated. The most common species were Cladosporium cladosporoides, Penicillium chrysogenum and Aspergillus terreus var. aureus. Higher counts were observed on xylan, starch and cellulose, lower counts on tannin. The rhizosphere contains both xerotolerant and nontolerant species. Scolecobasidium arenarium was the only recorded arenicolous marine species. Detrended correspondence analysis separates the isolated species into ten communities, each one is specific for a particular plant. Canonical correspondence analysis biplot shows that the patterns of species abundance in the rhizosphere was influenced by changes in organic content, total nitrogen, pH and total dissolved salts ill surrounding soil.
Author Address Mansoura Univ, Fac Sci Damietta, Dept Bot, New Damietta, Damietta, Egypt. El-Morsy, EM (reprint author), Mansoura Univ, Fac Sci Damietta, Dept Bot, POB 34517,30, New Damietta, Damietta, Egypt.
ISSN 0027-5514
ISBN 0027-5514
29-Character Source Abbreviation Mycologia
Publication Date Mar-Apr
Year Published 1999
Volume 91
Issue 2
Beginning Page 228-236
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.2307/3761367
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000079317100002
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