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Publication Type J
Authors Costa-Becheleni, F. R., E. Troyo-Dieguez, A. Nieto-Garibay, L. A. Bustamante-Salazar, H. S. Garcia-Galindo and B. Murillo-Amador
Title Hydro-Environmental Criteria for Introducing an Edible Halophyte from a Rainy Region to an Arid Zone: A Study Case of Suaeda spp. as a New Crop in NW Mexico
Source Plants-Basel
Language English
Author Keywords salt-marsh ecosystem coastal vegetation salt tolerance euhalophyte romerito saline soils salt marshes salt-marsh biosaline agriculture salinity tolerance soils chenopodiaceae germination vegetation mechanism evolution forage Plant Sciences
Abstract Halophytes are capable of growing in saline environments. However, this attribute results from a wide genetic variability, making it difficult to approximate halophytes' agroecological management. We examined the hydro-climatological attributes associated with the distribution of species of the genus Suaeda in NW Mexico and SW USA, and for S. edulis in central Mexico. The analysis focused on the introduction of the semi-domesticated species Suaeda edulis as a new crop, from central regions of Mexico, reaching an average yield of 8 Mg ha(-1) of biomass, to arid NW Mexico. The list of Suaeda species was elaborated from the eHALOPH and Calflora databases, and the NW Mexico Herbarium Network. According to the Hydro-Environmental Availability Index (HEAI), the central regions of Mexico reflect a greater water availability, suitable for S. edulis. In such a humid region, HEAI varied from 6 to 18, indicating sufficient moisture for crops. In contrast, other Suaeda species, including S. nigra, S. esteroa, and S. californica, spread in NW Mexico and SW United States, where the water availability is null during the year, with HEAI scoring from 0 to 4. Under such dryness, S. edulis in NW Mexico will require water through optimized irrigation and plant breeding strategies to ensure its viability as a new crop.

Author Address [Regina Costa-Becheleni, Francyelli] Ctr Biol Res Northwest Mexico SC CIBNOR, Grad Studies & Human Resources Program, Av Inst Politecn Nacl 195, La Paz 23096, Baja California, Mexico. [Troyo-Dieguez, Enrique; Nieto-Garibay, Alejandra; Murillo-Amador, Bernardo] Ctr Biol Res Northwest Mexico SC CIBNOR, Arid Zone Agr Program, Av Inst Politecn Nacl 195, La Paz 23096, Baja California, Mexico. [Alejandro Bustamante-Salazar, Luis] Univ Concepcion UdeC, Fac Pharm, Dept Instrumental Anal, Av Victor Lamas 1290, Concepcion 4070386, Region Del Bio, Chile. [Sergio Garcia-Galindo, Hugo] Natl Technol Inst Mexico TecNM, Campus Veracruz,Av Miguel A de Quevedo 2779, Colonia Formando Hogar 91897, Veracruz, Mexico. Troyo-Dieguez, E; Murillo-Amador, B (corresponding author), Ctr Biol Res Northwest Mexico SC CIBNOR, Arid Zone Agr Program, Av Inst Politecn Nacl 195, La Paz 23096, Baja California, Mexico. fbecheleni@pg.cibnor.mx; etroyo04@cibnor.mx; anieto04@cibnor.mx; lbustamante@udec.cl; hugo.gg@veracruz.tecnm.mx; bmurillo04@cibnor.mx
29-Character Source Abbreviation Plants-Basel
Publication Date Oct
Year Published 2021
Volume 10
Issue 10
Beginning Page 17
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.3390/plants10101996
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000716976700001

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