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Publication Type J
Authors Bueno, M. and M. D. Cordovilla
Title Plant Growth Regulators Application Enhance Tolerance to Salinity and Benefit the Halophyte Plantago coronopus in Saline Agriculture
Source Plants-Basel
Language English
Author Keywords antioxidants climate change growth osmolyte accumulation phytohormones polyamines salicylic acid biosaline agriculture salt tolerance phenolic content salt stress polyamines responses drought photosynthesis phytohormones performance resistance extracts Plant Sciences
Abstract Climate change, soil salinisation and desertification, intensive agriculture and the poor quality of irrigation water all create serious problems for the agriculture that supplies the world with food. Halophyte cultivation could constitute an alternative to glycophytic cultures and help resolve these issues. Plantago coronopus can be used in biosaline agriculture as it tolerates salt concentrations of 100 mM NaCl. To increase the salt tolerance of this plant, plant growth regulators such as polyamine spermidine, salicylic acid, gibberellins, cytokinins, and auxins were added in a hydroponic culture before the irrigation of NaCl (200 mM). In 45-day-old plants, dry weight, water content, osmolyte (sorbitol), antioxidants (phenols, flavonoids), polyamines (putrescine, spermidine, spermine (free, bound, and conjugated forms)) and ethylene were determined. In non-saline conditions, all plant regulators improved growth while in plants treated with salt, spermidine application was the most effective in improving growth, osmolyte accumulation (43%) and an increase of antioxidants (24%) in P. coronopus. The pretreatments that increase the sorbitol content, endogenous amines (bound spermine fraction), phenols and flavonoids may be the most effective in protecting to P. coronopus against stress and, therefore, could contribute to improving the tolerance to salinity and increase nutritional quality of P. coronopus.
Author Address [Bueno, Milagros; Cordovilla, Maria del Pilar] Univ Jaen, Plant Physiol Lab, Dept Anim Biol Plant Biol & Ecol, Fac Expt Sci, E-23071 Jaen, Spain. [Cordovilla, Maria del Pilar] Univ Jaen, Fac Expt Sci, Ctr Adv Studies Olive Grove & Olive Oils, E-23071 Jaen, Spain. Bueno, M (corresponding author), Univ Jaen, Plant Physiol Lab, Dept Anim Biol Plant Biol & Ecol, Fac Expt Sci, E-23071 Jaen, Spain. mbueno@ujaen.es; mpilar@ujaen.es
29-Character Source Abbreviation Plants-Basel
Publication Date Sep
Year Published 2021
Volume 10
Issue 9
Beginning Page 18
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.3390/plants10091872
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000700156100001

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