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Publication Type J
Authors Kim, D. H., M. F. Mahomoodally, N. B. Sadeer, P. G. Seok, G. Zengin, K. Palaniveloo, A. A. Khalil, A. Rauf and K. R. R. Rengasamy
Title Nutritional and bioactive potential of seagrasses: A review
Source South African Journal of Botany
Author Keywords Functional food Halophytes Secondary metabolites Seagrasses Bioactivities zostera-marina l phenolic-acids heterozostera-tasmanica proximate constituents phytochemical analysis halophila-stipulacea seasonal-variation hplc determination rosmarinic acid beach waste
Abstract Seagrasses, one of the most threatened yet overlooked ecosystems on Earth, are the only flowering plants to recolonising the seabed. Apart from their critical ecological prominence on the life of many marine organ-isms, seagrasses are also used as an alternative or complementary medicine to manage an array of pathologi-cal disorders such as muscle aches, wounds, abdominal pain, indigestion, hangover, and mental disorders. However, a compilation of existing work on their ethnopharmacological uses, nutritional values, pharmaco-logical propensities and bioactive compounds is lacking. Thus, this review aims at elaborating on the bio-chemical composition, phytochemical analysis, and biological properties including antioxidant, antimicrobial activities of various species of seagrasses. Seagrasses harbour several metabolites with multiple bioactivities. The phytochemical compounds isolated from Zostera marina L., Thalassia testudinum K. D. Koenig. and Thalas-sodendron ciliatum (Forssk.) exhibit a plethora of biological activities, including cytotoxicity against cancer cell lines, anti-human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), antimicrobial, and skin regenerating properties. This review also identifies vital lacuna in seagrass research. For instance, the mechanism and site of action of com-pounds displaying potent biological activities has not been adequately addressed together with optimisation of extraction methods to isolate minor metabolites and applying technological advancements in biological assays. In conclusion, this review provides a synthesis of current knowledge and highlights future work that needs to be undertaken for the biomedical application of such natural resources . (c) 2020 SAAB. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Author Address [Kim, Doo Hwan; Seok, Park Gyun] Konkuk Univ, Dept Bioresources & Food Sci, Seoul 05029, South Korea. [Mahomoodally, Mohamad Fawzi; Sadeer, Nabeelah Bibi] Univ Mauritius, Fac Med & Hlth Sci, Dept Hlth Sci, Reduit, Mauritius. [Zengin, Gokhan] Selcuk Univ, Sci Fac, Dept Biol, Konya, Turkey. [Palaniveloo, Kishneth] Univ Malaya, Inst Adv Studies Bldg, Inst Ocean & Earth Sci, Wilayah Persekutuan Kual 50603, Malaysia. [Khalil, Anees Ahmed] Univ Lahore, Univ Inst Diet & Nutr Sci, Fac Allied Hlth Sci, Lahore, Pakistan. [Rauf, Abdur] Univ Swabi, Dept Chem, Anbar, Kpk, Pakistan. [Rengasamy, Kannan R. R.] Duy Tan Univ, Inst Res & Dev, Da Nang 550000, Vietnam. [Rengasamy, Kannan R. R.] Duy Tan Univ, Fac Environm & Chem Engn, Da Nang 550000, Vietnam. [Rengasamy, Kannan R. R.] North West Univ, Fac Nat & Agr Sci, Indigenous Knowledge Syst Ctr, Private Bag X2046, ZA-2745 Mmabatho, North West Prov, South Africa. Rengasamy, KRR (corresponding author), Duy Tan Univ, Inst Res & Dev, Da Nang 550000, Vietnam.; Rengasamy, KRR (corresponding author), Duy Tan Univ, Fac Environm & Chem Engn, Da Nang 550000, Vietnam.; Rengasamy, KRR (corresponding author), North West Univ, Fac Nat & Agr Sci, Indigenous Knowledge Syst Ctr, Private Bag X2046, ZA-2745 Mmabatho, North West Prov, South Africa. rengasamyrrajakannan@duytan.edu.vn
ISSN 0254-6299
ISBN 0254-6299
29-Character Source Abbreviation S. Afr. J. Bot.
Publication Date Mar
Year Published 2021
Volume 137
Beginning Page 216-227
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1016/j.sajb.2020.10.018
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000644371800020

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