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Publication Type J
Authors Karakas, S., I. Bolat and M. Dikilitas
Title The Use of Halophytic Companion Plant (Portulaca oleracea L.) on Some Growth, Fruit, and Biochemical Parameters of Strawberry Plants under Salt Stress
Source Horticulturae
Author Keywords abiotic stress strawberry companion plants phytoremediation
Abstract Strawberry is a salt-sensitive plant adversely affected by slightly or moderately saline conditions. The growth, fruit, and biochemical parameters of strawberry plants grown under NaCl (0, 30, 60, and 90 mmol L-1) conditions with or without a halophytic companion plant (Portulaca oleracea L.) were elucidated in a pot experiment. Salt stress negatively affected the growth, physiological (stomatal conductance and electrolyte leakage), and biochemical parameters such as chlorophyll contents (chl-a and chl-b); proline, hydrogen peroxide, malondialdehyde, catalase, and peroxidase enzyme activities; total soluble solids; and lycopene and vitamin C contents, as well as the mineral uptake, of strawberry plants. The companionship of P. oleracea increased fresh weight, dry weight, and fruit average weight, as well as the total fruit yield of strawberry plants along with improvements of physiological and biochemical parameters. This study showed that the cultivation of P. oleracea with strawberry plants under salt stress conditions effectively increased strawberry fruit yield and quality. Therefore, we suggest that approaches towards the use of P. oleracea could be an environmentally friendly method that should be commonly practiced where salinity is of great concern.
Author Address [Karakas, Sema] Harran Univ, Fac Agr, Dept Soil Sci & Plant Nutr, TR-63300 Sanliurfa, Turkey. [Bolat, Ibrahim] Harran Univ, Fac Agr, Dept Hort, TR-63300 Sanliurfa, Turkey. [Dikilitas, Murat] Harran Univ, Dept Plant Protect, Fac Agr, TR-63300 Sanliurfa, Turkey. Karakas, S (corresponding author), Harran Univ, Fac Agr, Dept Soil Sci & Plant Nutr, TR-63300 Sanliurfa, Turkey. skarakas@harran.edu.tr; ibolat@harran.edu.tr; m.dikilitas@harran.edu.tr
29-Character Source Abbreviation Horticulturae
Publication Date Apr
Year Published 2021
Volume 7
Issue 4
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.3390/horticulturae7040063
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000643085800001

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