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Authors Noe, Z; Jackson, J; Hutchens, JJ; Walters, K; Luken, JO; Godwin, KS
Author Full Name Noe, Zofia; Jackson, Jennifer; Hutchens, John J., Jr.; Walters, Keith; Luken, James O.; Godwin, Kevin S.
Title Effects of Shoreline Development on Composition and Physical Structure of Plants in a South Carolina High Marsh
Source ESTUARIES AND COASTS
Language English
Document Type Article
Author Keywords Coastal development; Juncus roemerianus; Murrells inlet estuary; Zinc
Keywords Plus ENGLAND SALT-MARSH; PHRAGMITES-AUSTRALIS; CHESAPEAKE BAY; JUNCUS-ROEMERIANUS; NITROGEN ADDITION; TIDAL CREEK; ESTUARIES; COMPETITION; WETLAND; ECOSYSTEMS
Abstract Increased freshwater and nutrient runoff associated with coastal development is implicated in dramatically altering estuarine communities along eastern US shorelines. We examined effects of three categories of shoreline development on high-marsh environments within Murrells Inlet, South Carolina, USA by measuring sediment nutrients, porewater salinity, plant species diversity, and above- and belowground plant biomass. Effects on new plant growth also were examined in plot clearing and transplantation experiments. Greater nutrient availability in sediments along developed shorelines was reflected in greater aboveground biomass and nitrogen storage in Juncus roemerianus plant tissue. Plant species composition was not significantly different among levels of shoreline development. Zinc concentrations were greater in sediments from developed shorelines and may represent an easily measured indicator of shoreline development. Recently accelerating shoreline development in the southeastern USA may alter plant production, nitrogen storage, and sediment metal content in salt marshes.
Author Address [Noe, Zofia; Jackson, Jennifer] Coastal Carolina Univ, Coastal Marine & Wetland Studies Program, Conway, SC 29528 USA; [Hutchens, John J., Jr.; Luken, James O.; Godwin, Kevin S.] Coastal Carolina Univ, Dept Biol, Conway, SC 29528 USA; [Walters, Keith] Coastal Carolina Univ, Dept Marine Sci, Conway, SC 29528 USA
Reprint Address Hutchens, JJ (corresponding author), Coastal Carolina Univ, Dept Biol, Conway, SC 29528 USA.
E-mail Address jjhutche@coastal.edu
ResearcherID Number Walters, Keith/AAE-4802-2020
ORCID Number Walters, Keith/0000-0001-8709-9768
Funding Agency and Grant Number Coastal Carolina University Coastal Marine; Wetland Studies graduate program
Funding Text We thank Chris Sauri, Jessie Kanes and Michelle Evans for assisting with field work. Comments from two reviewers and the associate editor greatly increased the clarity of the manuscript and were appreciated. Financial assistance was provided by Coastal Carolina University Coastal Marine and Wetland Studies graduate program.
Times Cited 4
Total Times Cited Count (WoS, BCI, and CSCD) 4
Publisher SPRINGER
Publisher City NEW YORK
Publisher Address 233 SPRING ST, NEW YORK, NY 10013 USA
ISSN 1559-2723
29-Character Source Abbreviation ESTUAR COAST
ISO Source Abbreviation Estuaries Coasts
Publication Date JAN
Year Published 2014
Volume 37
Issue 1
Beginning Page 56
Ending Page 66
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1007/s12237-013-9659-3
Page Count 11
Web of Science Category Environmental Sciences; Marine & Freshwater Biology
Subject Category Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Marine & Freshwater Biology
Document Delivery Number 302FP
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000330588000004
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