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Authors Afifi, HS; Al Marzooqi, HM; Tabbaa, MJ; Arran, AA
Author Full Name Afifi, Hanan S.; Al Marzooqi, Hassan M.; Tabbaa, Mohammad J.; Arran, Ahmed A.
Title Phytochemicals of Conocarpus spp. as a Natural and Safe Source of Phenolic Compounds and Antioxidants
Source MOLECULES
Language English
Document Type Article
Author Keywords Conocarpus lancifolius; Conocarpus erectus; response surface methodology; ethanol extracts; polyphenolics; flavonoids; tannins
Abstract Optimization of the extraction conditions of polyphenolic compounds for different parts of the Damas species, Conocarpus lancifolius and Conocarpus erectus, grown under UAE conditions was studied. The combination of ethanol concentration (50, 75, and 100%), temperature (45, 55, and 65 degrees C) and time (1, 2, and 3 h) was used by applying the Response Surface Methodology. The data showed that the extracts (n = 90) contained phenolic compounds, flavonoids, and tannins, and were free of alkaloids. Changing the extraction conditions had a significant effect on the detection of phytosterols, saponins, and glycosides and on the solubility of vanillic acid, p-coumaric acid, sinapic acid, t-ferulic acid, rutin hydrate, protocatechuic acid, quercetin, and flavone. The data reveal that the roots and leaves of C. erectus and the leaves and fruits of C. lancifolius are the most important plant parts from which to extract these compounds. This study draws attention to the unordinary use of Conocarpus spp. as a source of natural food additive.
Author Address [Afifi, Hanan S.; Al Marzooqi, Hassan M.] Abu Dhabi Agr & Food Safety Author, Food Res Sect, R&D Div, POB 52150, Abu Dhabi, U Arab Emirates; [Tabbaa, Mohammad J.; Arran, Ahmed A.] Abu Dhabi Agr & Food Safety Author, Agr Res Sect, R&D Div, POB 52150, Abu Dhabi, U Arab Emirates; [Tabbaa, Mohammad J.] Univ Jordan, Sch Agr, Dept Anim Prod, Amman 11942, Jordan
Reprint Address Afifi, HS (corresponding author), Abu Dhabi Agr & Food Safety Author, Food Res Sect, R&D Div, POB 52150, Abu Dhabi, U Arab Emirates.
E-mail Address hanan.afifi@adafsa.gov.ae; hassan.marzouqi@adafsa.gov.ae; Mjtabbaa@ju.edu.jo; Ahmedarran@hotmail.com
ResearcherID Number Tabbaa, Mohammad J/D-7592-2019
ORCID Number Tabbaa, Mohammad J/0000-0002-7037-525X
Publisher MDPI
Publisher City BASEL
Publisher Address ST ALBAN-ANLAGE 66, CH-4052 BASEL, SWITZERLAND
29-Character Source Abbreviation MOLECULES
ISO Source Abbreviation Molecules
Publication Date FEB
Year Published 2021
Volume 26
Issue 4
Article Number 1069
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.3390/molecules26041069
Page Count 14
Web of Science Category Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; Chemistry, Multidisciplinary
Subject Category Biochemistry & Molecular Biology; Chemistry
Document Delivery Number QP9KP
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000624148100001
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