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Authors Khokhar, JS; Sareen, S; Tyagi, BS; Wilson, L; Young, S; King, J; King, I; Broadley, MR
Author Full Name Khokhar, Jaswant Singh; Sareen, Sindhu; Tyagi, Bhudeva Singh; Wilson, Lolita; Young, Scott; King, Julie; King, Ian; Broadley, Martin R.
Title Novel Sources of Variation in Grain Yield, Components and Mineral Traits Identified in Wheat Amphidiploids Derived from Thinopyrum bessarabicum (Savul. & Rayss) a. Love (Poaceae) under Saline Soils in India
Source SUSTAINABILITY
Language English
Document Type Article
Author Keywords wild wheat; zinc; grain ionome; salinity
Keywords Plus SALT-TOLERANCE; K/NA DISCRIMINATION; IRON CONCENTRATION; GENETIC-VARIATION; TRITICUM; ZINC; GROWTH; DURUM; LANDRACES; NUTRITION
Abstract Salt-affected soils constrain wheat production globally. A wild wheat species, Thinopyrum bessarabicum (Savul. & Rayss) a. Love (Poaceae), and its derivatives are tolerant of high external NaCl concentrations but have not been tested yet in field conditions. The aim of this study was to study the performance of amphidiploids derived from T. bessarabicum for grain yield (GYD), yield components and grain mineral composition traits under normal and saline soil conditions. Field experiments were conducted at Karnal (pH((water)) = 7.3) and Hisar (pH((water)) = 8.3) sites in 2014-2015 and 2015-2016 in India. Grain samples were analysed using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Yield and yield component traits of amphidiploids were typically greater at Karnal than Hisar. The GYD was greater at Karnal (1.6 t ha(-1)) than Hisar (1.2 t ha(-1)) in 2014-2015. However, GYD was greater at Hisar (1.7 t ha(-1)) than Karnal (1.1 t ha(-1)) in 2015-2016. Mean grain zinc (Zn) concentration of eight amphidiploids, averaged across sites and years, varied from 36 to 43 mg kg(-1). Some amphidiploids derived from T. bessarabicum showed greater GYD and grain Zn concentration under saline soils (Hisar) than normal soils (Karnal). These might be potential new sources for the development of salt-tolerant wheat varieties with increased grain Zn concentration under salt-affected soils.
Author Address [Khokhar, Jaswant Singh; Wilson, Lolita; Young, Scott; King, Julie; King, Ian; Broadley, Martin R.] Univ Nottingham, Sch Biosci, Sutton Bonington Campus, Loughborough LE12 5RD, Leics, England; [Sareen, Sindhu; Tyagi, Bhudeva Singh] Indian Inst Wheat & Barley Res, Aggarsain Marg, Karnal 132001, Haryana, India
Reprint Address Khokhar, JS (corresponding author), Univ Nottingham, Sch Biosci, Sutton Bonington Campus, Loughborough LE12 5RD, Leics, England.
E-mail Address jaswant.singh1@nottingham.ac.uk; sindhusareen@gmail.com; bs.bstknl@gmail.com; lolita.wilson@nottingham.ac.uk; scott.young@nottingham.ac.uk; julie.king@nottingham.ac.uk; ian.king@nottingham.ac.uk; martin.broadley@nottingham.ac.uk
ResearcherID Number Khokhar, Jaswant/ABG-8288-2020; Broadley, Martin/E-9081-2011
ORCID Number Khokhar, Jaswant/0000-0003-4870-6208; Broadley, Martin/0000-0003-3964-7226
Funding Agency and Grant Number Department of Biotechnology, Government of IndiaDepartment of Biotechnology (DBT) India [BT/IN/UK/12/IS/2012]; Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research CouncilUK Research & Innovation (UKRI)Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (BBSRC) [BB/J011827/1]
Funding Text This work was supported by the Department of Biotechnology, Government of India (grant number BT/IN/UK/12/IS/2012) and the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council (grant number BB/J011827/1).
Times Cited 1
Total Times Cited Count (WoS, BCI, and CSCD) 1
Publisher MDPI
Publisher City BASEL
Publisher Address ST ALBAN-ANLAGE 66, CH-4052 BASEL, SWITZERLAND
29-Character Source Abbreviation SUSTAINABILITY-BASEL
ISO Source Abbreviation Sustainability
Publication Date NOV
Year Published 2020
Volume 12
Issue 21
Article Number 8975
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.3390/su12218975
Page Count 17
Web of Science Category Green & Sustainable Science & Technology; Environmental Sciences; Environmental Studies
Subject Category Science & Technology - Other Topics; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
Document Delivery Number OR2FI
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000589290200001
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