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Publication Type J
Authors Ashour, NI; Serag, MS; ElHaleem, AKA; Mekki, BB
Author Full Name Ashour, NI; Serag, MS; ElHaleem, AKA; Mekki, BB
Title Forage production from three grass species under saline irrigation in Egypt
Source JOURNAL OF ARID ENVIRONMENTS
Language English
Document Type Article
Author Keywords forage production; Leptochloa fusca; seawater irrigation; Spartina patens; Sporobolus virginicus
Keywords Plus SEAWATER; HALOPHYTE; GROWTH; CROPS
Abstract Various approaches have been taken to the treatment of salt-affected land. Use of halophytic plants for forage production on salt-affected soil was suggested and has been called saline agriculture. In Egypt about 96% of the land is desert, where the soil is sandy and most of the available ground-water is too saline to raise and sustain conventional crops. Field trails were carried out in sandy soil at the sea-coast of Suez Gulf to evaluate the productivity of some local and exotic halophytic plants irrigated with diluted seawater (12.5, 25.0, 37.5 and 50.0% seawater). The grass species tested were Leptochloa fusca, Spartina parens, Sporobolus virginicus (Smyrna) and S. virginicus (Dixe). Fresh and dry matter yield of most of the tested plants tended to increase with increasing concentration of seawater from 12.5 to 25%. Further increase in the salinity level of irrigation water tended to decrease biomass production to various degrees according to the plant type. All the tested plants can tolerate harvesting three to four times per year and are capable of recovering and maintaining a productive stand. Dry matter yield ranged between 1.1-6.5 ton ha(-1) year(-1). Leptochloa fusca, Spartina patens and Sporobolus virginicus (Smyrna) appeared to be promising halophytic plants for feeding goats and sheep in desert areas using available saline water for irrigation. (C) 1997 Academic Press Limited.
Author Address UNIV MANSOURA,FAC SCI DAMIETTA,NEW DAMIETTA 54,EGYPT
Reprint Address Ashour, NI (corresponding author), NATL RES CTR,CAIRO,EGYPT.
ResearcherID Number Serag, Mamdouh/AAK-1023-2020
ORCID Number Serag, Mamdouh Salem/0000-0001-7803-1980
Times Cited 26
Total Times Cited Count (WoS, BCI, and CSCD) 33
Publisher ACADEMIC PRESS LTD
Publisher City LONDON
Publisher Address 24-28 OVAL RD, LONDON, ENGLAND NW1 7DX
ISSN 0140-1963
ISBN 0140-1963
29-Character Source Abbreviation J ARID ENVIRON
ISO Source Abbreviation J. Arid. Environ.
Publication Date OCT
Year Published 1997
Volume 37
Issue 2
Beginning Page 299
Ending Page 307
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1006/jare.1997.0284
Page Count 9
Web of Science Category Ecology; Environmental Sciences
Subject Category Environmental Sciences & Ecology
Document Delivery Number YB411
Unique Article Identifier WOS:A1997YB41100009
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