Loading content, please wait..
loading..
Logo
Version 3.22
or
Authors An, SU; Cho, H; Jung, UJ; Kim, B; Lee, H; Hyun, JH
Author Full Name An, Sung-Uk; Cho, Hyeyoun; Jung, Ui-Jung; Kim, Bomina; Lee, Hyeonji; Hyun, Jung-Ho
Title Invasive Spartina anglica Greatly Alters the Rates and Pathways of Organic Carbon Oxidation and Associated Microbial Communities in an Intertidal Wetland of the Han River Estuary, Yellow Sea
Source FRONTIERS IN MARINE SCIENCE
Language English
Document Type Article
Author Keywords biological invasion; Spartina anglica; Suaeda japonica; organic carbon oxidation; iron reduction; sulfate reduction; intertidal wetland; Yellow Sea
Keywords Plus CONTINENTAL-MARGIN SEDIMENTS; BACTERIAL SULFATE REDUCTION; IRON REDUCTION; ALTERNIFLORA INVASION; PLANT-ROOTS; MARINE-SEDIMENTS; SALT MARSHES; FE(III)-REDUCING BACTERIA; SULFUR BIOGEOCHEMISTRY; MATTER MINERALIZATION
Abstract Biogeochemical process studies and molecular microbiological analyses were applied to assess the effect of invasive Spartina anglica (SA) on organic carbon (C-org) oxidation pathways and microbial community structures in intertidal sediments vegetated by the indigenous marsh plant Suaeda japonica (SJ) and unvegetated mud flats (UMF). Invasive S. anglica possessed 10 times the below-ground biomass of native S. japonica, which was responsible for releasing a substantial amount of labile dissolved organic matter and creating relatively oxidized conditions at the SA site. As a result, microbial metabolic activities measured by rates of anaerobic C-org oxidation, iron reduction (FeR) and sulfate reduction (SR) appeared to be greater at SA site compared with the SJ and UMF sites. SR was the dominant anaerobic respiration pathway at a depth of 0-10 cm for vegetated sediments, but the contribution of FeR to C-org oxidation was exceptionally high in the rhizosphere of the vegetated sites, comprising 60% and 70% of anaerobic C-org oxidation of SA and SJ, respectively. The iron turnover rate at the rhizosphere was 3 times higher at SA site (0.063 d(-1)) compared with the SJ site (0.023 d(-1)), indicating that the denser root system of invasive S. anglica greatly accelerates iron cycling. Bacterial communities based on 16S rRNA genes analysis revealed that members in Desulfuromonadaceae related to the reduction of FeOOH and S-0 were highly abundant at the relatively oxidized SA site, whereas Desulfobulbaceae, which are known as sulfate reducers, were more dominant at the relatively reduced SJ site. Similarly, two sulfur-oxidizing bacteria groups with different eco-physiological strategies thrived in each of the two vegetated sites. Thioprofundaceae in the Gammaproteobacteria were the predominant S-oxidizers at the less-reduced SA site, whereas Sulfurovum in the Epsilonproteobacteria dominated at the relatively reduced SJ site. Our results suggest that an invasion of tall S. anglica and its subsequent displacement of native S. japonica would greatly alter the biogeochemical C-Fe-S cycles and associated microbial communities, which ultimately generate multidirectional variations in ecological and biogeochemical processes in coastal ecosystems.
Author Address [An, Sung-Uk; Cho, Hyeyoun; Jung, Ui-Jung; Kim, Bomina; Lee, Hyeonji; Hyun, Jung-Ho] Hanyang Univ, Dept Marine Sci & Convergent Technol, Ansan, South Korea
Reprint Address Hyun, JH (corresponding author), Hanyang Univ, Dept Marine Sci & Convergent Technol, Ansan, South Korea.
E-mail Address hyunjh@hanyang.ac.kr
Funding Agency and Grant Number Korean Long-term Marine Ecological Researches (K-LTMER) - Korean Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries; Mid-career Scientist Research Program - Korean Ministry of Science and ICT [2018R1A2B2006340]
Funding Text This research was supported by the Korean Long-term Marine Ecological Researches (K-LTMER) funded by the Korean Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries, and by the Mid-career Scientist Research Program funded by the Korean Ministry of Science and ICT (No. 2018R1A2B2006340).
Times Cited 2
Total Times Cited Count (WoS, BCI, and CSCD) 2
Publisher FRONTIERS MEDIA SA
Publisher City LAUSANNE
Publisher Address AVENUE DU TRIBUNAL FEDERAL 34, LAUSANNE, CH-1015, SWITZERLAND
29-Character Source Abbreviation FRONT MAR SCI
ISO Source Abbreviation Front. Mar. Sci.
Publication Date FEB 19
Year Published 2020
Volume 7
Article Number 59
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.3389/fmars.2020.00059
Page Count 15
Web of Science Category Environmental Sciences; Marine & Freshwater Biology
Subject Category Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Marine & Freshwater Biology
Document Delivery Number KM7DA
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000514299100001
Plants associated with this reference

LEGAL NOTICES — This website is protected by Copyright © The University of Sussex, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021. The eHALOPH database is protected by Database Right and Copyright © The University of Sussex and other contributors, 2006, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021. This database is based on an earlier work by James Aronson.
THIS WEBSITE AND THIS DATABASE ARE PROVIDED ON AN "AS IS" BASIS, AND YOU USE THEM AND RELY ON THEM AT YOUR OWN RISK.

Contact email: halophytes@sussex.ac.uk
Credits – Tim Flowers, Joaquim Santos, Moritz Jahns, Brian Warburton, Peter Reed