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Authors BALL, MC; PIDSLEY, SM
Author Full Name BALL, MC; PIDSLEY, SM
Title GROWTH-RESPONSES TO SALINITY IN RELATION TO DISTRIBUTION OF 2 MANGROVE SPECIES, SONNERATIA-ALBA AND S-LANCEOLATA, IN NORTHERN AUSTRALIA
Source FUNCTIONAL ECOLOGY
Language English
Document Type Article
Author Keywords BIOGEOGRAPHY; GROWTH ANALYSIS; MANGROVES; SALT TOLERANCE; SONNERATIACEAE
Keywords Plus MARINA FORSK VIERH; AVICENNIA-MARINA; GREY MANGROVE; SOIL
Abstract 1. There were interspecific differences in salt-tolerance. Sonneratia alba grew in salinities ranging from fresh water to sea water, with growth being maximal in 5 to 50% sea water. In contrast, Sonneratia lanceolata grew in salinities ranging from 0 to 50% sea water, with maximal growth occurring in 0 to 5% sea water. 2. Under optimal conditions for growth of both species (i.e. 5% sea water), the less salt-tolerant species, S. lanceolata, achieved twice the height, leaf area and biomass of the more salt-tolerant species. It appears that increasing salt-tolerance is at the expense of growth and competitive ability under low salinity conditions. 3. Growth analysis showed that change in net assimilation rate accounted for most of the differences in growth between species and for changes in growth by a species with increase in salinity from 0 to 100% sea water. 4. Interspecific differences in salt tolerance were consistent with (but do not fully explain) differential distribution of S. alba and S. lanceolata along natural salinity gradients in northern Australia, with seasonal variation in salinity apparently being an important factor to their survival in many environments.
Author Address AUSTRALIAN NATL UNIV,RES SCH BIOL SCI,CANBERRA,ACT 2601,AUSTRALIA
Reprint Address BALL, MC (corresponding author), AUSTRALIAN NATL UNIV,N AUSTRALIA RES UNIT,POB 41321,CASUARINA,NT 0811,AUSTRALIA.
ResearcherID Number Ball, Marilyn/D-1180-2009
ORCID Number Ball, Marilyn/0000-0001-9170-940X
Times Cited 128
Total Times Cited Count (WoS, BCI, and CSCD) 131
Publisher BLACKWELL SCIENCE LTD
Publisher City OXFORD
Publisher Address OSNEY MEAD, OXFORD, OXON, ENGLAND OX2 0EL
ISSN 0269-8463
29-Character Source Abbreviation FUNCT ECOL
ISO Source Abbreviation Funct. Ecol.
Publication Date FEB
Year Published 1995
Volume 9
Issue 1
Beginning Page 77
Ending Page 85
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.2307/2390093
Page Count 9
Web of Science Category Ecology
Subject Category Environmental Sciences & Ecology
Document Delivery Number QU470
Unique Article Identifier WOS:A1995QU47000010
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