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Authors Kafi, M; Salehi, M
Editors Gul, B; Boer, B; Khan, MA; ClusenerGodt, M; Hameed, A
Author Full Name Kafi, Mohammad; Salehi, Masoumeh
Title Potentially Domesticable Chenopodiaceae Halophytes of Iran
Source SABKHA ECOSYSTEMS, VOL VI: ASIA/PACIFIC
Series Tasks for Vegetation Science
Language English
Document Type Article; Book Chapter
Author Keywords Chenopods; Forage; High saline water; Medicinal; Oil
Keywords Plus SALICORNIA-BIGELOVII; SUAEDA-AEGYPTIACA; L. CHENOPODIACEAE; FEEDING VALUE; GROWTH; AGRICULTURE; GERMINATION; SALINITY; PLANT; TEMPERATURE
Abstract Climate change and water mismanagement have confronted Iran with water scarcity, desertification, and reduction of water quality. In 2020, Iran will need 165 billion m(3) of water annually for producing 120 million tons of foodstuffs. In 2012, the agriculture sector used more than 90% of the renewable water of Iran. Therefore, this country faces water crisis, and the extension of the agriculture sector based on fresh water is nearly impossible. Using saline water and soil for the cultivation of halophytes or high salt-tolerant crops could be considered as an alternative solution. Among native halophytes, Chenopodiaceae has the highest (44%) number of species with wide adaptability and different usage (forage, vegetable, food, and oil). Successful utilization of native and exotic chenopods in Iran like Atriplex and Kochia scoparia as forage and Salicornia as oil crop and quinoa as a food is promising. Halocnemum strobilaceum, Seidlitzia rosmarinus, Halostachys caspica, Suaeda fruticosa, and Salsola were evaluated as forage crops, and among them Halocnemum strobilaceum showed high salt tolerance and wide adaptability. However, the highest forage quality belonged to Halostachys caspica. Evaluation of forage quality showed that low metabolic energy is the main problem of using these species as feed. Suaeda aegyptiaca, Salsola soda, and Salicornia persica could be considered as vegetables. Arthrocnemum macrostachyum, Suaeda fruticosa, Suaeda aegyptiaca, Halocnemum strobilaceum, and Salicornia persica with 10 up to 30% edible oil could be promising oil crops in the future. In addition, chenopods are host of four species of Cistanche that are capable to use as medicinal plants.
Author Address [Kafi, Mohammad] Ferdowsi Univ Mashhad, Dept Agrotechnol, Mashhad, Razavi Khorasan, Iran; [Salehi, Masoumeh] Agr Res Educ & Extens Org AREEO, Natl Salin Res Ctr, Yazd, Iran
Reprint Address Kafi, M (corresponding author), Ferdowsi Univ Mashhad, Dept Agrotechnol, Mashhad, Razavi Khorasan, Iran.
E-mail Address m.kafi@um.ac.ir
ResearcherID Number Kafi, Mohammad/L-5972-2019
ORCID Number Kafi, Mohammad/0000-0002-0933-1346
Times Cited 1
Total Times Cited Count (WoS, BCI, and CSCD) 1
Publisher SPRINGER INTERNATIONAL PUBLISHING AG
Publisher City CHAM
Publisher Address GEWERBESTRASSE 11, CHAM, CH-6330, SWITZERLAND
ISSN 0167-9406
ISBN 978-3-030-04417-6; 978-3-030-04416-9
29-Character Source Abbreviation TASKS VEG SCI
ISO Source Abbreviation Tasks Veg. Sci.
Year Published 2019
Volume 49
Beginning Page 269
Ending Page 288
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1007/978-3-030-04417-6_17
Book Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1007/978-3-030-04417-6
Page Count 20
Web of Science Category Plant Sciences; Ecology
Subject Category Plant Sciences; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
Document Delivery Number BO6MM
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000521297400020
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