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Authors Sreelekshmi, S; Nandan, SB; Sreejith, VK; Harikrishnan, M
Author Full Name Sreelekshmi, S.; Nandan, S. Bijoy; Sreejith, V. Kaimal; Harikrishnan, M.
Title Floristic Structure, Diversity and Edaphic Attributes of Mangroves of the Andaman Islands, India
Source THALASSAS
Language English
Document Type Article
Author Keywords Andamans; Basal area; Density; Diversity; Edaphic factors; Mangroves; Principal component analysis; Quadrat method; Structural attributes; Zonation
Keywords Plus FOREST STRUCTURE; EAST-COAST; ESTUARIES; PATTERNS; GRADIENT; ZONATION; GROWTH; CLASSIFICATION; RHIZOPHORACEAE; LIMITATION
Abstract The mangroves of Andaman and Nicobar Islands are considered as one of the finest vegetation in India with respect to species composition as well as structure. However scientific information on the influence of edaphic attributes on the structure of Andaman mangroves are lacking. Hence, we assessed the floristic composition, structural attributes, zonation pattern and its relation to edaphic variables of mangroves of the Andaman islands. Quadrat method was employed to estimate the different structural variables and multiple regression analysis to explain the influence of edaphic variables over structural attributes. Floristic analysis of 420 quadrats (10x10m) revealed a mixed species composition with 28 true mangroves in Andamans, of which Avicennia officinalis, Rhizophora apiculata, and R. mucronata were designated as the most important species based on the importance value index. Stem density varied from 133 to 14,000 ha(-1) and individual basal area 0.07-78.75 m(2) ha(-1), further, most of the mangrove habitats showed very high stand basal area. Relatively higher Maturity Index Value was observed indicating high structural maturity in Andamans. Species zonation pattern typically varies based on the tidal inundation. Multiple regression analysis revealed the importance of soil pH, silt, total carbon, total Nitrogen and salinity in shaping the structure of Andaman mangroves. The data evolved in the study would be valuable in the site-specific management and conservation approaches of mangroves in Andamans.
Author Address [Sreelekshmi, S.; Nandan, S. Bijoy; Sreejith, V. Kaimal] Cochin Univ Sci & Technol, Sch Marine Sci, Dept Marine Biol Microbiol & Biochem, Fine Arts Ave, Cochin 682016, Kerala, India; [Harikrishnan, M.] Cochin Univ Sci & Technol, Sch Ind Fisheries, Cochin 682016, Kerala, India
Reprint Address Nandan, SB (corresponding author), Cochin Univ Sci & Technol, Sch Marine Sci, Dept Marine Biol Microbiol & Biochem, Fine Arts Ave, Cochin 682016, Kerala, India.
E-mail Address sreelekshmis87@gmail.com; bijoynandan@yahoo.co.in; jithukaimal@gmail.com; mahadevhari@hotmail.com
ORCID Number Bijoy Nandan, Sivasankaran/0000-0003-2476-6935
Publisher SPRINGER INTERNATIONAL PUBLISHING AG
Publisher City CHAM
Publisher Address GEWERBESTRASSE 11, CHAM, CH-6330, SWITZERLAND
ISSN 0212-5919
29-Character Source Abbreviation THALASSAS
ISO Source Abbreviation Thalassas
Publication Date APR
Year Published 2020
Volume 36
Issue 1
Beginning Page 47
Ending Page 60
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1007/s41208-020-00191-2
Page Count 14
Web of Science Category Marine & Freshwater Biology; Oceanography
Subject Category Marine & Freshwater Biology; Oceanography
Document Delivery Number KV6RX
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000520610700007
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