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Publication Type J
Authors Sanchez-Faure, A., M. M. Calvo, J. Perez-Jimenez, A. B. Martin-Diana, D. Rico, M. P. Montero, M. D. Gomez-Guillen, M. E. Lopez-Caballero and O. Martinez-Alvarez
Title Exploring the potential of common iceplant, seaside arrowgrass and sea fennel as edible halophytic plants
Source Food Research International
Author Keywords Halophytic plants Polyphenols Mesembryanthemum crystallinum Crithmum maritimum Triglochin maritima New food Dietary fiber Iron content crithmum-maritimum l. mesembryanthemum-crystallinum food accumulation isoorientin antioxidant performance irrigation quality
Abstract The recent interest in diversification in food consumption and the current salinization and desertification processes of farmland have placed the focus on halophytic plants as new food, making necessary the characterization of their biochemical composition and the identification of possible bioactive compounds. In this work, three edible halophytic plants were characterized: common iceplant (Mesembryanthemum crystallinum), sea fennel (Crithmum maritimum), and seaside arrowgrass (Triglochin maritima). The plants studied were a good source of minerals. Sea fennel showed high contents of dietary fibre and calcium (8.5 ppm, wet weight), common iceplant had a high potassium content (6500 ppm, wet weight), while seaside arrowgrass presented high levels of iron (62 ppm, wet weight). The glucose content of the three species was below 30 mg/g per dried weight. The Sb, Pb, Cr, As, Cd, and Hg content was negligible. Polyunsaturated fatty acids, mainly alpha-linolenic and linoleic acid, prevailed in the three species analyzed. Hydroxycinnamic and hydroxybenzoic acids predominated in common iceplant and sea fennel. Glycosylated flavones, especially isoorientin, prevailed in seaside arrowgrass. These plants present a relevant nutritional profile for which their use as foods or ingredients should be promoted.
Author Address [Sanchez-Faure, Alicia; Maria Calvo, Marta; Perez-Jimenez, Jara; Pilar Montero, Maria; del Carmen Gomez-Guillen, Maria; Elvira Lopez-Caballero, Maria; Martinez-Alvarez, Oscar] CSIC, ICTAN, Inst Food Sci Technol & Nutr, 10 Jose Antonio Novais St, Madrid, Spain. [Belen Martin-Diana, Ana; Rico, Daniel] Govt Castile & Leon, Agr Technol Inst Castile & Leon ITACyL, Ctra Burgos Km 119, Valladolid 47071, Spain. Martinez-Alvarez, O (corresponding author), CSIC, ICTAN, Inst Food Sci Technol & Nutr, 10 Jose Antonio Novais St, Madrid, Spain. oscar.martinez@ictan.csic.es
ISSN 0963-9969
ISBN 0963-9969
29-Character Source Abbreviation Food Res. Int.
Publication Date Nov
Year Published 2020
Volume 137
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1016/j.foodres.2020.109613
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000593943600001
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