Loading content, please wait..
loading..
Logo
Version 3.24
or
Authors McSkimming, C; Tanner, JE; Russell, BD; Connell, SD
Author Full Name McSkimming, Chloe; Tanner, Jason E.; Russell, Bayden D.; Connell, Sean D.
Title Compensation of nutrient pollution by herbivores in seagrass meadows
Source JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL MARINE BIOLOGY AND ECOLOGY
Language English
Document Type Article
Author Keywords Consumption; Epiphytes; Grazing; Herbivory; Mesograzer; Nutrients
Keywords Plus SHOALGRASS HALODULE-WRIGHTII; EPIPHYTIC ALGAE; MARINE AMPHIPOD; ZOSTERA-MARINA; ENRICHMENT; EUTROPHICATION; MACROALGAE; BIOMASS; GRAZERS; ECOSYSTEMS
Abstract The capacity of natural systems to absorb disturbances without undergoing major change is a critical aspect of stability. While human-driven increases in resources are well known to cause profound change to habitat-forming perennials, often as an indirect effect on enhanced growth of opportunistic species, less is known about the natural capacity for consumption to compensate for this excess production. Nutrient inputs to seagrass systems increase the production of epiphytic algae and lead to seagrass decline; however, it is relatively unclear whether grazers can compensate for this elevated production. Small invertebrate mesograzers are important herbivores in these systems, grazing predominately on epiphytic algae, potentially increasing the survival of seagrass during periods of nutrient enrichment. Using a cage-free technique and catchment-based nutrient concentrations, we experimentally manipulated mesograzer abundance and nutrient concentrations simultaneously in a subtidal Posidonia angustifolia meadow to test for trophic compensation. We tested the hypotheses that nutrient enrichment not only stimulates mesograzers to increase consumption, but that this increase in rate of consumption also matches the rate of increase in the production of epiphytes. Consecutive increases in nutrient addition caused consecutive increases in epiphyte production in treatments of reduced herbivory, but not in treatments of natural herbivory. Mesograzers fully compensated for the effects of minor nutrient addition and nearly compensated for the effects of moderate nutrient addition by decreasing the accumulation of epiphytic algae on seagrass leaves. Although nutrient addition alters food availability and quality of epiphytes, the abundance of grazing amphipods did not increase in treatments of natural herbivory, suggesting that the greater consumption of epiphytes was due to an increase in per capita grazing. These results suggest that herbivores may not only counter the effects of resource enhancement but may fully compensate minor to moderate events of nutrient pollution by consuming the additional productivity of opportunistic species that can cause loss of community dominants. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Author Address [McSkimming, Chloe; Tanner, Jason E.; Russell, Bayden D.; Connell, Sean D.] Univ Adelaide, Sch Biol Sci, Southern Seas Ecol Labs, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia; [McSkimming, Chloe; Tanner, Jason E.; Russell, Bayden D.; Connell, Sean D.] Univ Adelaide, Inst Environm, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia; [Tanner, Jason E.] SARDI Aquat Sci, Henley Beach, SA 5022, Australia
Reprint Address Connell, SD (corresponding author), Univ Adelaide, Sch Biol Sci, Southern Seas Ecol Labs, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia.
E-mail Address sean.connell@adelaide.edu.au
ResearcherID Number Tanner, Jason E/D-3928-2009; Russell, Bayden D./R-9325-2019; Connell, Sean/A-8874-2008
ORCID Number Tanner, Jason E/0000-0003-1361-3677; Russell, Bayden D./0000-0003-1282-9978; Connell, Sean/0000-0002-5350-6852
Funding Agency and Grant Number ARC grantAustralian Research Council; Nature Foundation of South Australia Inc.; Dr Paris Goodsell Marine Ecology Research Grant
Funding Text We thank B. Florance and S. Langholz for their valuable assistance in the field and laboratory. Thanks to L. Falkenberg for providing laboratory assistance. Financial support for this research was provided by an ARC grant to S.D. Connell and B.D. Russell, including a Future Fellowship to S.D. Connell and partly funded by the Nature Foundation of South Australia Inc. and the Dr Paris Goodsell Marine Ecology Research Grant. [SS]
Times Cited 14
Total Times Cited Count (WoS, BCI, and CSCD) 14
Publisher ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Publisher City AMSTERDAM
Publisher Address PO BOX 211, 1000 AE AMSTERDAM, NETHERLANDS
ISSN 0022-0981
29-Character Source Abbreviation J EXP MAR BIOL ECOL
ISO Source Abbreviation J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol.
Publication Date OCT
Year Published 2015
Volume 471
Beginning Page 112
Ending Page 118
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1016/j.jembe.2015.05.018
Page Count 7
Web of Science Category Ecology; Marine & Freshwater Biology
Subject Category Environmental Sciences & Ecology; Marine & Freshwater Biology
Document Delivery Number CO4YV
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000359167700014
Plants associated with this reference

LEGAL NOTICES — This website is protected by Copyright © The University of Sussex, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021, 2022. The eHALOPH database is protected by Database Right and Copyright © The University of Sussex and other contributors, 2006, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020, 2021, 2022. This database is based on an earlier work by James Aronson.
THIS WEBSITE AND THIS DATABASE ARE PROVIDED ON AN "AS IS" BASIS, AND YOU USE THEM AND RELY ON THEM AT YOUR OWN RISK.

Contact email: halophytes@sussex.ac.uk
Credits – Tim Flowers, Joaquim Santos, Moritz Jahns, Brian Warburton, Peter Reed