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Authors Rouzi, A; Halik, U; Thevs, N; Welp, M; Aishan, T
Author Full Name Rouzi, Aihemaitijiang; Halik, Umut; Thevs, Niels; Welp, Martin; Aishan, Tayierjiang
Title Water Efficient Alternative Crops for Sustainable Agriculture along the Tarim Basin: A Comparison of the Economic Potentials of Apocynum pictum, Chinese Red Date and Cotton in Xinjiang, China
Source SUSTAINABILITY
Language English
Document Type Article
Author Keywords Tarim River; cotton; A. pictum; Chinese red date; cost-revenue analysis
Keywords Plus PROPERTY-RIGHTS; RIVER; FUTURE; CONSUMPTION; VEGETATION; RESOURCES; DYNAMICS
Abstract This study explores a paradigm of sustainable land use in the oases along the Tarim River of northwest China, where a fragile, semi-arid riparian ecosystem is being damaged by excessive land and water use for agriculture, especially for the growing of cotton. The reliance of agriculture on water-demanding cash crops in this region poses a grave threat to survival of the natural Tugai vegetation in the area and to the long-term sustainability of the region. We explored the hypothesis that the species Apocynum pictum (A. pictum), known as Lop-Kendir by locals, and the Chinese red date (Zyzyphus jujube) may act as sustainable crop substitutes for the region, thereby replacing the widely distributed cash crop of cotton that has high water demands. Therefore, we investigated current utilization and cost-revenue structure of these two alternative plants and compared the results to cotton. Three natural resource management types of A. pictum were both identified in the wild and cultivation, with cost-revenue analysis carried out for each. The results show that all three types of institutional arrangements of natural resources, which are namely open access, ranching and farming, were present in our study and at various levels for A. pictum.A. pictum farming costs 16,250.25 yuan/ha, generates 49,014.45 yuan/ha of revenue from raw materials and brings a profit of 32,764.2 yuan/ha, which is the highest of all three cash crops compared. The Chinese government encourages Chinese red date plantations with a Grain for green campaign in the Tarim Basin with this plant being more profitable than cotton, which could serve to diversify the region's agriculture. We conclude that A. pictum offers opportunities for the restoration of vegetation in riparian ecosystems on salinized sites under the arid conditions of the Tarim Basin. Furthermore, it can serve as a viable land-use alternative to cotton for cash crop agriculture, as it may generate a certain income in the form of tea and fibers as well as fodder for livestock.
Author Address [Rouzi, Aihemaitijiang] Xinjiang Univ, Ecol Postdoc Res Stn, Urumqi 830046, Peoples R China; [Rouzi, Aihemaitijiang; Halik, Umut] Xinjiang Univ, Minist Educ, Key Lab Oasis Ecol, Urumqi 830046, Peoples R China; [Halik, Umut] Xinjiang Univ, Coll Resources & Environm Sci, Urumqi 830046, Peoples R China; [Thevs, Niels] World Agroforestry Ctr, 138 Toktogol St, Bishkek 720001, Kyrgyzstan; [Thevs, Niels] Univ Cent Asia, 138 Toktogol St, Bishkek 720001, Kyrgyzstan; [Welp, Martin] Univ Appl Sci, Eberswalde Univ Sustainable Dev, Fac Forest & Environm, Alfred Moeller Str 1, D-16225 Eberswalde, Germany; [Aishan, Tayierjiang] Xinjiang Univ, Inst Arid Ecol & Environm, Urumqi 830046, Peoples R China
Reprint Address Halik, U (corresponding author), Xinjiang Univ, Minist Educ, Key Lab Oasis Ecol, Urumqi 830046, Peoples R China.; Halik, U (corresponding author), Xinjiang Univ, Coll Resources & Environm Sci, Urumqi 830046, Peoples R China.
E-mail Address ahmadjan_1983@yahoo.com; halik@xju.edu.cn; N.Thevs@cgiar.org; martin.welp@hnee.de; tayirjan@xju.edu.cn
ResearcherID Number Halik, Umut/H-5150-2019
ORCID Number Aishan, Tayierjiang/0000-0002-0213-0680; Halik, Umut/0000-0003-0533-8759
Funding Agency and Grant Number National Natural Science Foundation of ChinaNational Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) [U1703102, 31700386]; EcoCAR project of the Volkswagen Foundation [88497]; SuMaRiO project of the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research [01LL0918D]; Thousand Youth Talents Plan of China: Xinjiang Projects
Funding Text This work is supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. U1703102, 31700386), EcoCAR project of the Volkswagen Foundation (Grant No. 88497), SuMaRiO project of the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research (Grant No. 01LL0918D), and Thousand Youth Talents Plan of China: Xinjiang Projects. We thank Maierdang Keyimu, Zulpiya Mamat for assistance during the fieldwork. We also want to thank the anonymous reviewers for their valuable and constructive comments and suggestions.
Times Cited 1
Total Times Cited Count (WoS, BCI, and CSCD) 1
Publisher MDPI
Publisher City BASEL
Publisher Address ST ALBAN-ANLAGE 66, CH-4052 BASEL, SWITZERLAND
ISSN 2071-1050
29-Character Source Abbreviation SUSTAINABILITY-BASEL
ISO Source Abbreviation Sustainability
Publication Date JAN
Year Published 2018
Volume 10
Issue 1
Article Number 35
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.3390/su10010035
Page Count 17
Web of Science Category Green & Sustainable Science & Technology; Environmental Sciences; Environmental Studies
Subject Category Science & Technology - Other Topics; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
Document Delivery Number FW1TN
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000425082600034
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