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Authors Elisa, SZ; Angel, HOM; Alejandra, MV; Olivia, A; Elena, P
Author Full Name Elisa, Serviere-Zaragoza; Angel, Hurtado-Oliva Miguel; Alejandra, Mazariegos-Villarreal; Olivia, Arjona; Elena, Palacios
Title Seasonal and interannual variation of sterols in macrophytes from the Pacific coast of Baja California Peninsula (Mexico)
Source PHYCOLOGICAL RESEARCH
Language English
Document Type Article; Early Access
Author Keywords Ecklonia; environmental variability; Gelidium; Gracilariopsis; macroalgae; Macrocystis; Phyllospadix; seagrass; sterols; Ulva
Keywords Plus FATTY-ACID; PHYLLOSPADIX TORREYI; LIPID-COMPOSITION; CALORIFIC VALUE; MARINE-ALGAE; RED; SEAWEEDS; REPRODUCTION; SINALOA; BIOMASS
Abstract The seasonal and interannual proximate and sterol composition were assessed in two red (Gelidium robustum, Gelidiaceae andGracilariopsis sjoestedtii, Gracilariaceae), two brown (Ecklonia arborea, Lessoniaceae andMacrocystis pyrifera, Laminariaceae), and two green (Ulva lactucaandUlva clathrata, Ulvaceae) macroalgae species and the seagrassPhyllospadix torreyi(Zosteraceae) sampled over 3 years in a subtropical climate in Baja California Sur, Mexico. Each macroalga had a particular sterol composition that was typical of their taxonomic group. The red algae had cholesterol as the major sterol; 92% on average inG. robustumand 90% inG. sjoestedtii, followed byt-dehydrosterol and brassicasterol. In the brown algae the major sterol was fucosterol, which accounted for approx. 90% and 92% of total sterols forM. pyriferaandE. arborea, respectively, followed by campesterol (7% and 5%) and isofucosterol (1.5% and 1.3%). The green algae had isofucosterol as the major sterol, with 92% on average forU. lactucaand 87% forU. clathrata, followed by cholesterol, fucosterol, and brassicasterol or norcholesterol. The seagrassP. torreyihad beta-sitosterol as the major sterol (39 to 89%, depending on the season), followed by campesterol (4 to 7%), stigmasterol (3 to 6%), and isofucosterol (1.7 to 3.5%). Four (cholesterol, campesterol, fucosterol, and isofucosterol) of the 14 sterols identified in macroalgae and the seagrass could be used to differentiate between classes (Florideophyceae - red, Phaeophyceae - brown, Ulvophyceae - green, and Monocots - seagrass) both seasonally and interannually. The seasonal and interannual sterol composition of macroalgae and seagrass was quite stable, with the exception of redG. sjoestedtiisampled in August and green macroalgaU. lactucaand seagrassP. torreyiboth sampled in May 2002. Seasonal and interannual variations of proximate and sterol composition are discussed in relation to their reproductive state and environmental parameters.
Author Address [Elisa, Serviere-Zaragoza; Alejandra, Mazariegos-Villarreal; Olivia, Arjona; Elena, Palacios] Ctr Invest Biol Noroeste CIBNOR, La Paz, Mexico; [Angel, Hurtado-Oliva Miguel] Univ Autonoma Sinaloa, Fac Ciencias Mar, Mazatlan, Mexico
Reprint Address Elena, P (corresponding author), Ctr Invest Biol Noroeste CIBNOR, La Paz, Mexico.
E-mail Address epalacio@cibnor.mx
ORCID Number Palacios, Elena/0000-0002-3055-2880
Funding Agency and Grant Number SEP-CONACYTConsejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACyT) [2002-C01-41410, 156118]
Funding Text We are grateful to Monica Reza and Angelica Perez for their help in the analyses of macroalgae. This research was supported by SEP-CONACYT 2002-C01-41410 and 156118.
Publisher WILEY
Publisher City HOBOKEN
Publisher Address 111 RIVER ST, HOBOKEN 07030-5774, NJ USA
ISSN 1322-0829
29-Character Source Abbreviation PHYCOL RES
ISO Source Abbreviation Phycol. Res.
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1111/pre.12440
Page Count 7
Web of Science Category Marine & Freshwater Biology
Subject Category Marine & Freshwater Biology
Document Delivery Number NP7JH
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000570348300001
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