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Publication Type J
Authors Shah, S. Z., A. Rasheed, B. Gul, M. A. Khan, B. L. Nielsen and A. Hameed
Title Maternal salinity improves yield, size and stress tolerance of Suaeda fruticosa seeds
Source Journal of Arid Land
Author Keywords euhalophyte maternal salinity salt tolerance seed germination non-saline condition Suaeda fruticosa salt tolerance limonium-stocksii germination halophyte temperature responses environment growth l. antioxidant
Abstract Shrubby seablite or lani (Suaeda fruticosa Forssk) is a perennial euhalophyte with succulent leaves, which could be planted on arid-saline lands for restoration and cultivated as a non-conventional edible or cash crop. Knowledge about the impacts of maternal saline environment on seed attributes of this important euhalophyte is lacking. This study investigated the effects of maternal salinity on yield, size and stress tolerance of S. fruticosa seeds. Seedlings of S. fruticosa were grown in a green net house under increasing maternal salinity levels (0, 300, 600 and 900 mM NaCl) until seed production. Total yield, size, stress tolerance and germination of the descended seeds under different maternal saline conditions were examined. Plants grown under saline conditions (300, 600 and 900 mM NaCl) produce a substantially higher quantity of seeds than plants grown under non-saline condition (0 mM NaCl). Low maternal salinity (300 mM NaCl) improves seed size. Seeds produced under all maternal salinity levels display a higher tolerance to low temperature (night/day thermoperiod of 10 degrees C/20 degrees C), whereas seeds produced under 300 mM NaCl maternal saline condition show a better tolerance to high temperature (night/day thermoperiod of 25 degrees C/35 degrees C) during germination. Seeds from all maternal saline conditions germinate better in the 12 h photoperiod (12 h light/12 h dark) than in the dark (24 h dark); however, seeds produced from low and moderate maternal saline conditions (300 and 600 mM NaCl) show a higher germination in the dark than those from control and high maternal saline conditions (0 and 900 mM NaCl). In general, maternal salinity is found to improve yield, size and stress tolerance of S. fruticosa seeds.
Author Address [Shah, Syed Z.; Rasheed, Aysha; Gul, Bilquees; Khan, Muhammad A.; Hameed, Abdul] Univ Karachi, Inst Sustainable Halophyte Utilizat, Karachi 75270, Pakistan. [Shah, Syed Z.] Govt Degree Boys Coll, Sect 4E,, Karachi 75760, Pakistan. [Nielsen, Brent L.] Brigham Young Univ, Dept Microbiol & Mol Biol, Provo, UT 84602 USA. Hameed, A (reprint author), Univ Karachi, Inst Sustainable Halophyte Utilizat, Karachi 75270, Pakistan. ahameed@uok.edu.pk
ISSN 1674-6767
ISBN 1674-6767
29-Character Source Abbreviation J. Arid Land
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1007/s40333-020-0054-1
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000522574200002
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