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Authors Garza-Torres, R., E. Troyo-Dieguez, A. Nieto-Garibay, G. Lucero-Vega, F. J. Magallon-Barajas, E. Garcia-Galindo, Y. Fimbres-Acedo and B. Murillo-Amador
Title Environmental and Management Considerations for Adopting the Halophyte Salicornia bigelovii Torr. as a Sustainable Seawater-Irrigated Crop
Source Sustainability
Author Keywords Salicornia sea asparagus coastal agro-aquaculture seawater irrigation allometric equation water agriculture future food restoration salinity oilseed system growth plain
Abstract Salicornia bigelovii Torr. is a potential new crop for coastal and saline lands, because of the oil content of its seeds, its properties as fresh vegetable, forage, and other uses. As a true halophyte, it can grow with seawater irrigation. The aim of this study was to determine the phenology and water requirements of Salicornia as a new plant resource in growing areas for salt-tolerant crops in coastal and saline lands, and elucidate scenarios of sustainability about these issues. Water requirements were estimated in experimental plots on the coastal line and fulfilled with drip irrigation connected to seawater aquaculture discharge ponds, 30 m from the sea. The recorded phenological events were germination, flowering, fructification, maturation, and physiological death. Results reflect the difficulty to adopt it as a new crop because of its long-life cycle, around nine months, contrasting with the life cycle of common crops, from three to four months. Irrigation needs reached a depth of 240 cm, significantly exceeding those of conventional crops. Such limitations are highlighted, but also its potential use as a biofilter of coastal aquaculture effluents, being a productive target-biomass, feasible to be used as a dual-purpose use of water and energy required in aquaculture farms.
Author Address [Garza-Torres, Rodolfo] Ctr Biol Res Northwest Mexico UNCIBNOR, Nayarit Unit, Aquaculture Program, Tepic 63173, Mexico. [Troyo-Dieguez, Enrique; Nieto-Garibay, Alejandra; Murillo-Amador, Bernardo] Ctr Biol Res Northwest Mexico CIBNOR, Arid Zone Agr Program, La Paz 23096, Mexico. [Lucero-Vega, Gregorio] UABCS, Acad Dept Agron, La Paz 23085, Mexico. [Javier Magallon-Barajas, Francisco] Ctr Biol Res Northwest Mexico CIBNOR, Aquaculture Program, La Paz 23096, Mexico. [Garcia-Galindo, Emilio; Fimbres-Acedo, Yenitze] Ctr Biol Res Northwest Mexico CIBNOR, Grad Studies & Human Resources Program, La Paz 23096, Mexico. Troyo-Dieguez, E; Nieto-Garibay, A (reprint author), Ctr Biol Res Northwest Mexico CIBNOR, Arid Zone Agr Program, La Paz 23096, Mexico. rgarza@cibnor.mx; etroyo04@cibnor.mx; anieto04@cibnor.mx; gregoriolucerovega@gmail.com; fmagallon04@cibnor.mx; egarcia@pg.cibnor.mx; yfimbres@gmail.com; bmurillo04@cibnor.mx
29-Character Source Abbreviation Sustainability
Publication Date Jan
Year Published 2020
Volume 12
Issue 2
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.3390/su12020707
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000516824600265
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