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Publication Type J
Authors Ben Hamed, K., F. Chibani, C. Abdelly and C. Magne
Title Growth, sodium uptake and antioxidant responses of coastal plants differing in their ecological status under increasing salinity
Source Biologia
Abstract In the present study, we compared the response to salinity of three plants from Brittany coast with contrasted ecological status: Limonium latifolium (salt marshes), Matricaria maritima (beach tops and sand dunes) and Crambe maritima (fixed dunes). Under controlled glasshouse conditions, the growth of the three plants decreased with increasing external salinity. L. latifolium and C. maritima exhibited the highest and lowest resistance to severe salt stress (400 mM), respectively. M. maritima could be considered as an intermediate species, since it tolerated salinity up to 200 mM. The same observation could be made with sodium absorption and acuumulation in plant tissues, the most tolerant species (L. latifolium being the least Na accumulator. Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and malondialdehyde (MDA), commonly produced in conditions of stress, accumulated significantly in salt treated C. maritima and M. maritima while not in the tolerant L. latifolium. The latter used glutathione reductase to maintain constant H2O2 levels under salt stress while peroxidases were very low and ascorbate peroxidase did not respond to salinity stimulation. The medium tolerant halophyte M. maritima used peroxidases to protect from NaCl-induced H2O2, while the sensitive C. maritima failed to detoxify H2O2 despite a sharp increase in catalase activity. Results showed that the three coastal species differ in resistance to salinity. They also suggested that the level of plant resistance to salinity could be attributed to differing mechanisms to manage the accumulation of sodium and cope with the oxidative damages.
ISSN 0006-3088
ISBN 0006-3088
Publication Date Feb
Year Published 2014
Volume 69
Issue 2
Beginning Page 193-201
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.2478/s11756-013-0304-1
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000328832400010
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