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Authors Bosiacka, B; Podlasinski, M; Pienkowski, P
Author Full Name Bosiacka, Beata; Podlasinski, Marek; Pienkowski, Pawel
Title Salt marshes determined by ascending brine in northern Poland: land-use changes and vegetation-environment relations
Source PHYTOCOENOLOGIA
Language English
Document Type Article
Author Keywords saline springs; environment conditions; halophilous vegetation; threats; protection
Keywords Plus RESTORATION; GENESIS
Abstract Most of the European salt and brackish marshes are linked to sea water ingression. Inland salt marshes supplied with saline subterranean waters arc more uncommon. In Poland due to the natural factors limiting the development of coastal salt marshes, they are dispersed and cover a surface comparable to inland saline habitats. Two halophilous vegetation sites located at the coastal zone but determined mainly by ascension of relic Mesozoic saline waters have a unique status. The aim of the study was to provide a characteristic of these sites including land-use changes during 1925-2005, physicochemical soil and ground water properties, relations between habitat conditions and species composition, differentiation and qualities of halophilous vegetation and environmental protection prospects. It was shown that a development of drainage network in the Parscta Valley and Chrzaszczewska Island as well as urban infrastructure affected the first site leading to reduction of the wetlands (mainly salt marshes) by 44% and 29%, respectively. The cessation or reduction of traditional salt grassland-use in 1980s led to further decrease in salt meadow area. Primarily, soil and ground water salinity (almost four times higher than in the local Baltic Sea water) determined species and habitat differentiation. Salicornia europaea colonising muds the - only natural sites of this particular habitat in Poland were linked to the most saline and wet soils. Phytocoenoses of Puccinellia distans-Spergularia marina community were linked to less saline but comparably muddy soils. Less wet and even less saline soils supported phytocoenoses with a significant contribution of Juncus gerardi and patches of Phragmites australis-Atriplex hastata var. sauna community and Scirpus maritimus community spreading because of the mowing and grazing abandonment. Salt grassland-use cessation and planned architectural and technical investments call for an urgent implementation of agro-environmental programmes and nature compensation projects to protect these unique sites in northern Poland.
Author Address [Bosiacka, Beata] Univ Szczecin, Dept Plant Taxon & Phytogeog, PL-71415 Szczecin, Poland; [Podlasinski, Marek] W Pomeranian Univ Technol, Dept Land Recultivat & Environm Chem, PL-71434 Szczecin, Poland; [Pienkowski, Pawel] W Pomeranian Univ Technol, Dept Environm Protect & Dev, PL-71434 Szczecin, Poland
Reprint Address Bosiacka, B (reprint author), Univ Szczecin, Dept Plant Taxon & Phytogeog, 13 Waska St, PL-71415 Szczecin, Poland.
E-mail Address bebos@univ.szczecin.pl; marek.podlasinski@zut.edu.pl; pawel.pi-enkowski@zut.edu.pl
ResearcherID Number Podlasinski, Marek/G-8829-2016
Times Cited 4
Total Times Cited Count (WoS, BCI, and CSCD) 5
Publisher GEBRUDER BORNTRAEGER
Publisher City STUTTGART
Publisher Address JOHANNESSTR 3A, D-70176 STUTTGART, GERMANY
ISSN 0340-269X
29-Character Source Abbreviation PHYTOCOENOLOGIA
ISO Source Abbreviation Phytocoenologia
Publication Date DEC 19
Year Published 2011
Volume 41
Issue 3
Beginning Page 201
Ending Page 213
Digital Object Identifier (DOI) 10.1127/0340-269X/2011/0041-0463
Page Count 13
Web of Science Category Plant Sciences; Ecology
Subject Category Plant Sciences; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
Document Delivery Number 874DX
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000298936700003
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