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Authors Devi, S; Kumar, A; Mann, A; Arya, SS; Chand, G; Kumar, N; Kumari, A; Pooja; Rani, B; Kumar, A
Editors Hasanuzzaman, M; Shabala, S; Fujita, M
Author Full Name Devi, Sarita; Kumar, Ashwani; Mann, Anita; Arya, Sunder Singh; Chand, Gurdev; Kumar, Neeraj; Kumari, Anita; Pooja; Rani, Babita; Kumar, Arvind
Title Intra-habitat Variability of Halophytic Flora of North-west India
Source HALOPHYTES AND CLIMATE CHANGE: ADAPTIVE MECHANISMS AND POTENTIAL USES
Language English
Document Type Article; Book Chapter
Author Keywords Biodiversity; Growth; Habitats; Halophytes; Mineral ions
Keywords Plus SALINITY; PHYTOREMEDIATION; MECHANISMS; TOLERANCE
Abstract The growth and ion-accumulating characteristics of different plant species native to saline-arid areas vis-a-vis the ionic status of their rhizospheric soils are important factors to consider when studying the survival of plant species under harsh conditions. A survey of saline areas in Haryana (CCS Haryana Agricultural University and Central Institute for Research on Buffaloes at Hisar) and Rajasthan (Lunkaransar in Bikaner, Sambhar Lake, Jaipur and Gangani-Kaparda at Jodhpur) was done to explore the variability in halophytic species in different arid and saline regions. It was observed that 44 species spread over 16 families of Angiosperms (i.e. Chenopodiaceae, Mimosaceae, Poaceae, Capparidaceae, Portulacaceae, Tamaricaceae, Fabaceae, Caesalpiniaceae, Aizoceae, Asteraceae, Salvadoraceae, Asclepiadaceae, Boraginaceae, Solanaceae, Amaranthaceae and Cyperaceae) were growing across these locations with most species from the Chenopodiaceae family. Among these highly flourishing species were Salsola baryosma, Suaeda fruticosa, S. nudiflora and Saccharum munja, producing the highest biomass per unit area of land. The rhizospheric soil of different locations was saline to highly saline. While exploring the ionic homeostasis, it was found that most ions (e.g. Na+, K+, Ca2+, Mg2+, Cl- and SO42-) were accumulating more in their leaves than in their stems, which may be a survival mechanism of these halophytic species under worse conditions of salinity. In terms of soil habitat across these surveyed regions, the rhizospheric salinity is patchy and supports both facultative halophytes and glycophytes.
Author Address [Devi, Sarita; Kumar, Neeraj; Kumari, Anita; Rani, Babita] Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agr Univ, Hisar 125004, Haryana, India; [Kumar, Ashwani; Mann, Anita; Kumar, Arvind] ICAR Cent Soil Salin Res Inst, Karnal 132001, Haryana, India; [Arya, Sunder Singh] Maharshi Dayanand Univ, Dept Bot, Rohtak 124001, Haryana, India; [Chand, Gurdev] Sher E Kashmir Univ, Jammu, Chatha, India; [Pooja] ICAR Sugarcane Breeding Inst, Karnal 132001, Haryana, India
Reprint Address Devi, S (reprint author), Chaudhary Charan Singh Haryana Agr Univ, Hisar 125004, Haryana, India.
E-mail Address devisaritaa@gmail.com; ashwanisharma107@gmail.com; anitadgr13@gmail.com; aryasunder.hau@gmail.com; gurdev74@gmail.com; neerajhau@yahoo.co.in; anitahsr@gmail.com; poojadhansu@gmail.com; babitachahalkharb@gmail.com; singh.ak92@gmail.com
Publisher CABI PUBLISHING-C A B INT
Publisher City WALLINGFORD
Publisher Address CABI PUBLISHING, WALLINGFORD 0X10 8DE, OXON, ENGLAND
ISBN 978-1-78639-434-7; 978-1-78639-433-0
Year Published 2019
Beginning Page 38
Ending Page 54
Page Count 17
Web of Science Category Plant Sciences; Ecology
Subject Category Plant Sciences; Environmental Sciences & Ecology
Document Delivery Number BN5OH
Unique Article Identifier WOS:000484034400004
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