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Report for Distichlis spicata (L.) Greene

updated: Aug 21st 2018, 11:25 am see all updates
Changed fields since previous approved record are highlighted


Family Poaceae
Genus Distichlis
Species spicata
Author (L.) Greene
Infraspecific subsp.
Infraspecfic Author
Pictures
Plant type
  • psammophile
Life form
  • Perennial grass
Ecotypes YesPessarakli, M., D. M. Kopec and D. T. Ray (2011) Growth responses of various saltgrass (Distichlis spicata) clones under salt stress conditions
Max. salinity
48 dS/mDiaz, F. J., S. E. Benes and S. R. Grattan (2013) Field performance of halophytic species under irrigation with saline drainage water in the San Joaquin Valley of CaliforniaHoward, RJ (2010) Intraspecific Variation in Growth of Marsh Macrophytes in Response to Salinity and Soil Type: Implications for Wetland RestorationHoward, RJ; Biagas, J; Allain, L (2016) Growth of Common Brackish Marsh Macrophytes Under Altered Hydrologic and Salinity RegimesPessarakli, M., D. M. Kopec and D. T. Ray (2011) Growth responses of various saltgrass (Distichlis spicata) clones under salt stress conditionsSabzalian, M R; Dayani, S; Torkian, M; Leake, J E (2018) Comparison of Distichlis spicata and Suaeda aegyptiaca in response to water salinity: Candidate halophytic species for saline soils remediation.Watson, EB; Andrews, HM; Fischer, A; Cencer, M; Coiro, L; Kelley, S; Wigand, C (2015) Growth and photosynthesis responses of two co-occurring marsh grasses to inundation and varied nutrients
Previously was: 34
Germination YesAmen, R. D., G. E. Carter and R. J. Kelly (1970) Nature of Seed Dormancy and Germination in Salt Marsh Grass Distichlis-SpicataDrifmeyer, J. E. and J. C. Zieman (1979) Germination Enhancement and Inhibition of Distichlis-Spicata and Scirpus-Robustus Seeds from Virginia
Salt glands and bladders YesMarcum, K. B. (1999) Salinity tolerance mechanisms of grasses in the subfamily ChloridoideaeWarren, R. S. and P. M. Brockelman (1989) Photosynthesis, Respiration, and Salt-Gland Activity of Distichlis-Spicata in Relation to Soil-Salinity
Photosynthesis Pathway C4Lee, SH; Megonigal, PJ; Kang, H (2017) How do Elevated CO2 and Nitrogen Addition Affect Functional Microbial Community Involved in Greenhouse Gas Flux in Salt Marsh System
Molecular data
  • DNABell, HL; Columbus, JT (2008) Proposal for an expanded Distichlis (Poaceae, Chloridoideae): Support from molecular, morphological, and anatomical characters
Microbial interactions and mycorrhizal status YesPalacio-Rodriguez, R; Coria-Arellano, JL; Lopez-Bucio, J; Sanchez-Salas, J; Muro-Perez, G; Castaneda-Gaytan, G; Saenz-Mata, J (2017) Halophilic rhizobacteria from Distichlis spicata promote growth and improve salt tolerance in heterologous plant hosts
Bioremediation YesGrafe, M; Klauber, C (2011) Bauxite residue issues: IV. Old obstacles and new pathways for in situ residue bioremediationLymbery, A. J., G. D. Kay, R. G. Doupe, G. J. Partridge and H. C. Norman (2013) The potential of a salt-tolerant plant (Distichlis spicata cv. NyPa Forage) to treat effluent from inland saline aquaculture and provide livestock feed on salt-affected farmlandSabzalian, M R; Dayani, S; Torkian, M; Leake, J E (2018) Comparison of Distichlis spicata and Suaeda aegyptiaca in response to water salinity: Candidate halophytic species for saline soils remediation.
antioxidants
Secondary Metabolites
Compatible Solutes
  • GlycinebetaineFAN, TWM; COLMER, TD; LANE, AN; HIGASHI, RM (1993) DETERMINATION OF METABOLITES BY H-1-NMR AND GC - ANALYSIS FOR ORGANIC OSMOLYTES IN CRUDE TISSUE-EXTRACTSMarcum, K. B. (1999) Salinity tolerance mechanisms of grasses in the subfamily ChloridoideaeSabzalian, M R; Dayani, S; Torkian, M; Leake, J E (2018) Comparison of Distichlis spicata and Suaeda aegyptiaca in response to water salinity: Candidate halophytic species for saline soils remediation.
  • ProlineFAN, TWM; COLMER, TD; LANE, AN; HIGASHI, RM (1993) DETERMINATION OF METABOLITES BY H-1-NMR AND GC - ANALYSIS FOR ORGANIC OSMOLYTES IN CRUDE TISSUE-EXTRACTSMarcum, K. B. (1999) Salinity tolerance mechanisms of grasses in the subfamily ChloridoideaeSabzalian, M R; Dayani, S; Torkian, M; Leake, J E (2018) Comparison of Distichlis spicata and Suaeda aegyptiaca in response to water salinity: Candidate halophytic species for saline soils remediation.
Habitat
  • A2.5 Coastal saltmarshes and saline reedbedsMeixler, MS; Kennish, MJ; Crowley, KF (2018) Assessment of Plant Community Characteristics in Natural and Human-Altered Coastal Marsh Ecosystems
Economic use
  • 3100.0 GrazingBustan, A., D. Pasternak, I. Pirogova, M. Durikov, T. T. Devries, S. El-Meccawi and A. A. Degen (2005) Evaluation of saltgrass as a fodder crop for livestockDiaz, F. J., S. E. Benes and S. R. Grattan (2013) Field performance of halophytic species under irrigation with saline drainage water in the San Joaquin Valley of CaliforniaLymbery, A. J., G. D. Kay, R. G. Doupe, G. J. Partridge and H. C. Norman (2013) The potential of a salt-tolerant plant (Distichlis spicata cv. NyPa Forage) to treat effluent from inland saline aquaculture and provide livestock feed on salt-affected farmland
  • 4520.0 Sand stabilizationBROTHERSON, JD; RUSHFORTH, SR (1985) INVASION AND STABILIZATION OF RECENT BEACHES BY SALT GRASS (DISTICHILIS-SPICATA) AT MONO LAKE, MONO COUNTY, CALIFORNIA
Distribution
Distribution (text)
  • North and Central and South America
  • Tuckerton Peninsula salt marsh system, NJ, USAMeixler, MS; Kennish, MJ; Crowley, KF (2018) Assessment of Plant Community Characteristics in Natural and Human-Altered Coastal Marsh Ecosystems
  • Rhode River, a subestuary of Chesapeake Bay (lat. 38° 53 ′ N, long. 76° 33 ′ W), USALee, SH; Megonigal, PJ; Kang, H (2017) How do Elevated CO2 and Nitrogen Addition Affect Functional Microbial Community Involved in Greenhouse Gas Flux in Salt Marsh System
  • B Poza Salada ^ in the Valley of Sobaco, located southeast of the Chihuahuan Desert in the state of Coahuila, MexicoPalacio-Rodriguez, R; Coria-Arellano, JL; Lopez-Bucio, J; Sanchez-Salas, J; Muro-Perez, G; Castaneda-Gaytan, G; Saenz-Mata, J (2017) Halophilic rhizobacteria from Distichlis spicata promote growth and improve salt tolerance in heterologous plant hosts
Miscellaneous notes This is a species with hundreds of papers, of which only a small proportion is referenced here.
References

Last Records approved
Submitted by T J Flowers
Aug 22nd 2019, 11:08 am

Approved by T J Flowers
Aug 22nd 2019, 11:09 am
Submitted by T J Flowers
Aug 22nd 2019, 9:59 am

Approved by T J Flowers
Aug 22nd 2019, 10:00 am
Submitted by T J Flowers
Aug 17th 2019, 12:20 pm

Approved by T J Flowers
Aug 17th 2019, 12:20 pm
Submitted by T J Flowers
Aug 16th 2019, 5:03 pm

Approved by T J Flowers
Aug 16th 2019, 5:05 pm
Submitted by T J Flowers
Aug 16th 2019, 4:50 pm

Approved by T J Flowers
Aug 16th 2019, 4:50 pm
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Contact email: halophytes@sussex.ac.uk
Credits – Tim Flowers, Joaquim Santos, Moritz Jahns, Brian Warburton, Peter Reed