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Report for Salicornia europaea L.

updated: Feb 5th 2016, 9:08 am see all updates
Changed fields since previous approved record are highlighted


Family Amaranthaceae
Genus Salicornia
Species europaea
Author L.
Infraspecific subsp.
Infraspecfic Author
Pictures
Plant type
  • hydrohalophyte
Life form
  • Annual
Ecotypes Yes
Max. salinity
118 dS/mPiernik A. (2012) Ecological pattern of inland salt marsh vegetation in Central Europe
Germination YesEgan, T. P. and I. A. Ungar (1999) The effects of temperature and seasonal change on the germination of two salt marsh species, Atriplex prostrata and Salicornia europaea, along a salinity gradient
Salt glands and bladders NoMarius-Nicuşor Grigore, Constantin Toma (2010) Salt-secreting structures of Halophytes. An integrative approach (in Romanian)
Photosynthesis Pathway C3Shomer -Ilan, A., A. Nissenbaum and Y. Waisel (1981) Photosynthetic pathways and the ecological distribution of the Chenopodiaceae in Israel
Molecular data
  • The amount of nuclear DNA, expressed as the C -value was estimatedKoce, J. D., S. Skondric, T. Bacic and M. Dermastia (2008) Amounts of nuclear DNA in marine halophytes
  • TTGE analysisSonjak, S., T. Beguiristain, C. Leyval and M. Regvar (2009) Temporal temperature gradient gel electrophoresis (TTGE) analysis of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated with selected plants from saline and metal polluted environments
Microbial interactions and mycorrhizal status YesBarin, M., N. Aliasgharzad, P. A. Olsson, M. Rasouli-Sadaghiani and M. Moghddam (2013) Abundance of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in relation to soil salinity around Lake Urmia in northern Iran analyzed by use of lipid biomarkers and microscopySonjak, S., M. Udovic, T. Wraber, M. Likar and M. Regvar (2009) Diversity of halophytes and identification of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi colonising their roots in an abandoned and sustained part of Secovlje salternsSonjak, S., T. Beguiristain, C. Leyval and M. Regvar (2009) Temporal temperature gradient gel electrophoresis (TTGE) analysis of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated with selected plants from saline and metal polluted environmentsSzymanska, S; Piernik, A; Baum, C; Zloch, M; Hrynkiewicz, K (2014) Metabolic profiles of microorganisms associated with the halophyte Salicornia europaea in soils with different levels of salinity
Bioremediation YesQuinta, R., P. W. Hill, D. L. Jones, R. Santos, D. N. Thomas and L. Le Vay (2015) Uptake of an amino acid (alanine) and its peptide (trialanine) by the saltmarsh halophytes Salicornia europaea and Aster tripolium and its potential role in ecosystem N cycling and marine aquaculture wastewater treatment
antioxidants
  • Antioxidant activity of the extractsStankovic, M. S., M. Petrovic, D. Godjevac and Z. D. Stevanovic (2015) Screening inland halophytes from the central Balkan for their antioxidant activity in relation to total phenolic compounds and flavonoids: Are there any prospective medicinal plants?
  • DPPH- scavenging activity, inhibition of lipid, Phenolic acid, Saponins, Flavonoid Buhmann, A. and J. Papenbrock (2013) Biofiltering of aquaculture effluents by halophytic plants: Basic principles, current uses and future perspectives
  • Antioxidant enzymesBoestfleisch, C., N. B. Wagenseil, A. K. Buhmann, C. E. Seal, E. M. Wade, A. Muscolo and J. Papenbrock (2014) Manipulating the antioxidant capacity of halophytes to increase their cultural and economic value through saline cultivation
Secondary Metabolites
  • Total phenolsBoestfleisch, C., N. B. Wagenseil, A. K. Buhmann, C. E. Seal, E. M. Wade, A. Muscolo and J. Papenbrock (2014) Manipulating the antioxidant capacity of halophytes to increase their cultural and economic value through saline cultivationStankovic, M. S., M. Petrovic, D. Godjevac and Z. D. Stevanovic (2015) Screening inland halophytes from the central Balkan for their antioxidant activity in relation to total phenolic compounds and flavonoids: Are there any prospective medicinal plants?
  • Quercetin 3-o-Beta-d-glucopyranoside,Tungtungmadic acid and Four saponins Buhmann, A. and J. Papenbrock (2013) Biofiltering of aquaculture effluents by halophytic plants: Basic principles, current uses and future perspectives
Compatible Solutes
  • ProlineAghaleh, M., V. Niknam, H. Ebrahimzadeh and K. Razavi (2011) Effect of salt stress on physiological and antioxidative responses in two species of Salicornia (S. persica and S. europaea)Boestfleisch, C., N. B. Wagenseil, A. K. Buhmann, C. E. Seal, E. M. Wade, A. Muscolo and J. Papenbrock (2014) Manipulating the antioxidant capacity of halophytes to increase their cultural and economic value through saline cultivationGorham, J., L. Hughes and R. G. Wyn Jones (1980) Chemical composition of salt-marsh plants from Ynys Mon (Anglesey): the concept of physiotypes.
  • GlycinebetaineMomonoki, Y. S. and H. Kamimura (1994) Studies on the mechanism of salt tolerance in Salicornia europaea L .1. Changes in pH and osmotic pressure in Salicornia plants during the growth period
  • Glycinebetaine, ProlineSong, J. and B. S. Wang (2015) Using euhalophytes to understand salt tolerance and to develop saline agriculture: Suaeda salsa as a promising model
Habitat
  • D6.1 Inland saltmarshesBoestfleisch, C., N. B. Wagenseil, A. K. Buhmann, C. E. Seal, E. M. Wade, A. Muscolo and J. Papenbrock (2014) Manipulating the antioxidant capacity of halophytes to increase their cultural and economic value through saline cultivationPiernik, A., P. Hulisz and A. Rokicka (2015) Micropattern of halophytic vegetation on technogenic soils affected by the soda industry
  • E6.2 Continental inland salt steppesStankovic, M. S., M. Petrovic, D. Godjevac and Z. D. Stevanovic (2015) Screening inland halophytes from the central Balkan for their antioxidant activity in relation to total phenolic compounds and flavonoids: Are there any prospective medicinal plants?
  • A2.5 Coastal saltmarshes and saline reedbedsFan, P. X., L. L. Nie, P. Jiang, J. J. Feng, S. L. Lv, X. Y. Chen, H. Bao, J. Guo, F. Tai, J. H. Wang, W. T. Jia and Y. X. Li (2013) Transcriptome Analysis of Salicornia europaea under Saline Conditions Revealed the Adaptive Primary Metabolic Pathways as Early Events to Facilitate Salt Adaptation
Economic use
  • 0310.0 Oilseed
  • 0124.0 Pickles
  • 0111.0 Uncooked vegetables
Distribution
Distribution (text)
  • Saline habitats of central Balkan, SerbiaStankovic, M. S., M. Petrovic, D. Godjevac and Z. D. Stevanovic (2015) Screening inland halophytes from the central Balkan for their antioxidant activity in relation to total phenolic compounds and flavonoids: Are there any prospective medicinal plants?
  • 75 km parallel to the Jordan River and the Dead Sea, and varies in width from 10 km at Wadi Hisban and Wadi Zarqa to about 2-3 km in Zara, JordanQasem, Jamal R. (2015) PROSPECTS OF WILD MEDICINAL AND INDUSTRIAL PLANTS OF SALINE HABITATS IN THE JORDAN VALLEY
  • Inowrocław-Mątwy, north-central Poland (52°45ʹ35ʹ’N, 18°13ʹ43ʹ’E)Piernik, A., P. Hulisz and A. Rokicka (2015) Micropattern of halophytic vegetation on technogenic soils affected by the soda industry
  • Dafeng Jinglong Marine Industrialized Development Corporation, Ltd., Jiangsu Province,ChinaFan, P. X., L. L. Nie, P. Jiang, J. J. Feng, S. L. Lv, X. Y. Chen, H. Bao, J. Guo, F. Tai, J. H. Wang, W. T. Jia and Y. X. Li (2013) Transcriptome Analysis of Salicornia europaea under Saline Conditions Revealed the Adaptive Primary Metabolic Pathways as Early Events to Facilitate Salt Adaptation
Miscellaneous notes Salinity range of occurence in inland salt marshes of Central Europe 4,94-118 ds/sqm (ECe) with optimum at 38.1 ds/sqm. According to Flora Europaea (vol. I, second ed., 1993), it is a very variable species. Growth rate data in Zheng et al 2009Piernik A. (2012) Ecological pattern of inland salt marsh vegetation in Central EuropeZheng, Q. S., L. Liu, Z. P. Liu, J. M. Chen and G. M. Zhao (2009) Comparison of the response of ion distribution in the tissues and cells of the succulent plants Aloe vera and Salicornia europaea to saline stress
Previously was: Salinity range of occurence in inland salt marshes of Central Europe 4,94-118 ds/sqm (ECe) with optimum at 38.1 ds/sqm. According to Flora Europaea (vol. I, second ed., 1993), it is a very variable species.
References

Last Records approved
Submitted by T J Flowers
Jul 18th 2019, 11:50 am

Approved by T J Flowers
Jul 18th 2019, 11:50 am
Submitted by Mohammed Al-azzawi
Jul 15th 2019, 8:33 am

Approved by T J Flowers
Jul 17th 2019, 11:18 am
Submitted by T J Flowers
Jul 17th 2019, 8:40 am

Approved by T J Flowers
Jul 17th 2019, 8:41 am
Submitted by T J Flowers
Jul 3rd 2019, 4:58 am

Approved by T J Flowers
Jul 3rd 2019, 4:58 am
Submitted by T J Flowers
Jul 3rd 2019, 4:33 am

Approved by T J Flowers
Jul 3rd 2019, 4:33 am
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Contact email: halophytes@sussex.ac.uk
Credits – Tim Flowers, Joaquim Santos, Moritz Jahns, Brian Warburton, Peter Reed