habitat tree
A Marine habitats (A)
A1 Littoral rock and other hard substrata (A1)
A1.1 High energy littoral rock (A1.1)
A1.11 [Mytilus edulis] and/or barnacle communities (A1.11)
A1.12 Robust fucoid and/or red seaweed communities (A1.12)
A1.13 Mediterranean communities of upper mediolittoral rock (A1.13)
A1.14 Mediterranean communities of lower mediolittoral rock very exposed to wave action (A1.14)
A1.15 Fucoids in tide-swept conditions (A1.15)
A1.2 Moderate energy littoral rock (A1.2)
A1.21 Barnacles and fucoids on moderately exposed shores (A1.21)
A1.22 [Mytilus edulis] and fucoids on moderately exposed shores (A1.22)
A1.23 Mediterranean communities of lower mediolittoral rock moderately exposed to wave action (A1.23)
A1.3 Low energy littoral rock (A1.3)
A1.31 Fucoids on sheltered marine shores (A1.31)
A1.32 Fucoids in variable salinity (A1.32)
A1.33 Red algal turf in lower eulittoral, sheltered from wave action (A1.33)
A1.34 Mediterranean communities of lower mediolittoral rock sheltered from wave action (A1.34)
A1.4 Features of littoral rock (A1.4)
A1.41 Communities of littoral rockpools (A1.41)
A1.42 Communities of rockpools in the supralittoral zone (A1.42)
A1.43 Brackish permanent pools in the geolittoral zone (A1.43)
A1.44 Communities of littoral caves and overhangs (A1.44)
A1.45 Ephemeral green or red seaweeds (freshwater or sand-influenced) on non-mobile substrata (A1.45)
A1.46 Hydrolittoral soft rock (A1.46)
A1.47 Hydrolittoral solid rock (bedrock) (A1.47)
A1.48 Hydrolittoral hard clay (A1.48)
A1.49 Hydrolittoral mussel beds (A1.49)
A1.4A Hydrolittoral peat (A1.4A)
A2 Littoral sediment (A2)
A2.1 Littoral coarse sediment (A2.1)
A2.11 Shingle (pebble) and gravel shores (A2.11)
A2.12 Estuarine coarse sediment shores (A2.12)
A2.13 Mediterranean communities of mediolittoral coarse detritic bottoms (A2.13)
A2.2 Littoral sand and muddy sand (A2.2)
A2.21 Strandline (A2.21)
A2.22 Barren or amphipod-dominated mobile sand shores (A2.22)
A2.23 Polychaete/amphipod-dominated fine sand shores (A2.23)
A2.24 Polychaete/bivalve-dominated muddy sand shores (A2.24)
A2.25 Mediterranean communities of mediolittoral sands (A2.25)
A2.3 Littoral mud (A2.3)
A2.31 Polychaete/bivalve-dominated mid estuarine mud shores (A2.31)
A2.32 Polychaete/oligochaete-dominated upper estuarine mud shores (A2.32)
A2.33 Marine mud shores (A2.33)
A2.34 [Corophium] spp. in soft mud shores (A2.34)
A2.4 Littoral mixed sediments (A2.4)
A2.41 [Hediste diversicolor] dominated gravelly sandy mud shores (A2.41)
A2.42 Species-rich mixed sediment shores (A2.42)
A2.43 Species-poor mixed sediment shores (A2.43)
A2.5 Coastal saltmarshes and saline reedbeds (A2.5)
A2.51 Saltmarsh driftlines (A2.51)
A2.52 Upper saltmarshes (A2.52)
A2.53 Mid-upper saltmarshes and saline and brackish reed, rush and sedge beds (A2.53)
A2.54 Low-mid saltmarshes (A2.54)
A2.55 Pioneer saltmarshes (A2.55)
A2.6 Littoral sediments dominated by aquatic angiosperms (A2.6)
A2.61 Seagrass beds on littoral sediments (A2.61)
A2.62 Marine [Cyperaceae] beds (A2.62)
A2.7 Littoral biogenic reefs (A2.7)
A2.71 Littoral [Sabellaria] reefs (A2.71)
A2.72 Littoral [Mytilus edulis] beds on sediment (A2.72)
A2.8 Features of littoral sediment (A2.8)
A2.81 Methane seeps in littoral sediments (A2.81)
A2.82 Ephemeral green or red seaweeds (freshwater or sand-influenced) on mobile substrata (A2.82)
A2.83 Hydrolittoral stony substrata (A2.83)
A2.84 Hydrolittoral gravel substrata (A2.84)
A2.85 Hydrolittoral sandy substrata (A2.85)
A2.86 Hydrolittoral muddy substrata (A2.86)
A2.87 Hydrolittoral mixed sediment substrata (A2.87)
A3 Infralittoral rock and other hard substrata (A3)
A3.1 Atlantic and Mediterranean high energy infralittoral rock (A3.1)
A3.11 Kelp with cushion fauna and/or foliose red seaweeds (A3.11)
A3.12 Sediment-affected or disturbed kelp and seaweed communities (A3.12)
A3.13 Mediterranean communities of infralittoral algae very exposed to wave action (A3.13)
A3.14 Encrusting algal communities (A3.14)
A3.15 Frondose algal communities (other than kelp) (A3.15)
A3.2 Atlantic and Mediterranean moderate energy infralittoral rock (A3.2)
A3.21 Kelp and red seaweeds (moderate energy infralittoral rock) (A3.21)
A3.22 Kelp and seaweed communities in tide-swept sheltered conditions (A3.22)
A3.23 Mediterranean communities of infralittoral algae moderately exposed to wave action (A3.23)
A3.24 Faunal communities on moderate energy infralittoral rock (A3.24)
A3.3 Atlantic and Mediterranean low energy infralittoral rock (A3.3)
A3.31 Silted kelp on low energy infralittoral rock with full salinity (A3.31)
A3.32 Kelp in variable salinity on low energy infralittoral rock (A3.32)
A3.33 Mediterranean submerged fucoids, green or red seaweeds on full salinity infralittoral rock (A3.33)
A3.34 Submerged fucoids, green or red seaweeds (low salinity infralittoral rock) (A3.34)
A3.35 Faunal communities on low energy infralittoral rock (A3.35)
A3.36 Faunal communities on variable or reduced salinity infralittoral rock (A3.36)
A3.4 Baltic exposed infralittoral rock (A3.4)
A3.5 Baltic moderately exposed infralittoral rock (A3.5)
A3.6 Baltic sheltered infralittoral rock (A3.6)
A3.7 Features of infralittoral rock (A3.7)
A3.71 Robust faunal cushions and crusts in surge gullies and caves (A3.71)
A3.72 Infralittoral fouling seaweed communities (A3.72)
A3.73 Vents and seeps in infralittoral rock (A3.73)
A4 Circalittoral rock and other hard substrata (A4)
A4.1 Atlantic and Mediterranean high energy circalittoral rock (A4.1)
A4.11 Very tide-swept faunal communities on circalittoral rock (A4.11)
A4.12 Sponge communities on deep circalittoral rock (A4.12)
A4.13 Mixed faunal turf communities on circalittoral rock (A4.13)
A4.2 Atlantic and Mediterranean moderate energy circalittoral rock (A4.2)
A4.21 Echinoderms and crustose communities on circalittoral rock (A4.21)
A4.22 [Sabellaria] reefs on circalittoral rock (A4.22)
A4.23 Communities on soft circalittoral rock (A4.23)
A4.24 Mussel beds on circalittoral rock (A4.24)
A4.25 Circalittoral faunal communities in variable salinity (A4.25)
A4.26 Mediterranean coralligenous communities moderately exposed to hydrodynamic action (A4.26)
A4.27 Faunal communities on deep moderate energy circalittoral rock (A4.27)
A4.3 Atlantic and Mediterranean low energy circalittoral rock (A4.3)
A4.31 Brachiopod and ascidian communities on circalittoral rock (A4.31)
A4.32 Mediterranean coralligenous communities sheltered from hydrodynamic action (A4.32)
A4.33 Faunal communities on deep low energy circalittoral rock (A4.33)
A4.4 Baltic exposed circalittoral rock (A4.4)
A4.5 Baltic moderately exposed circalittoral rock (A4.5)
A4.6 Baltic sheltered circalittoral rock (A4.6)
A4.7 Features of circalittoral rock (A4.7)
A4.71 Communities of circalittoral caves and overhangs (A4.71)
A4.72 Circalittoral fouling faunal communities (A4.72)
A4.73 Vents and seeps in circalittoral rock (A4.73)
A5 Sublittoral sediment (A5)
A5.1 Sublittoral coarse sediment (A5.1)
A5.11 Infralittoral coarse sediment in reduced salinity (A5.11)
A5.12 Infralittoral coarse sediment (A5.12)
A5.13 Circalittoral coarse sediment (A5.13)
A5.14 Deep circalittoral coarse sediment (A5.14)
A5.2 Sublittoral sand (A5.2)
A5.21 Sublittoral sand in low or reduced salinity (A5.21)
A5.22 Sublittoral sand in variable salinity (estuaries) (A5.22)
A5.23 Infralittoral fine sand (A5.23)
A5.24 Infralittoral muddy sand (A5.24)
A5.25 Circalittoral fine sand (A5.25)
A5.26 Circalittoral muddy sand (A5.26)
A5.27 Deep circalittoral sand (A5.27)
A5.28 Mediterranean communities of superficial muddy sands in sheltered waters (A5.28)
A5.3 Sublittoral mud (A5.3)
A5.31 Sublittoral mud in low or reduced salinity (lagoons) (A5.31)
A5.32 Sublittoral mud in variable salinity (estuaries) (A5.32)
A5.33 Infralittoral sandy mud (A5.33)
A5.34 Infralittoral fine mud (A5.34)
A5.35 Circalittoral sandy mud (A5.35)
A5.36 Circalittoral fine mud (A5.36)
A5.37 Deep circalittoral mud (A5.37)
A5.38 Mediterranean communities of muddy detritic bottoms (A5.38)
A5.39 Mediterranean communities of coastal terrigenous muds (A5.39)
A5.4 Sublittoral mixed sediments (A5.4)
A5.41 Sublittoral mixed sediment in low or reduced salinity (lagoons) (A5.41)
A5.42 Sublittoral mixed sediment in variable salinity (estuaries) (A5.42)
A5.43 Infralittoral mixed sediments (A5.43)
A5.44 Circalittoral mixed sediments (A5.44)
A5.45 Deep mixed sediments (A5.45)
A5.46 Mediterranean communities of coastal detritic bottoms (A5.46)
A5.47 Mediterranean communities of shelf-edge detritic bottoms (A5.47)
A5.5 Sublittoral macrophyte-dominated sediment (A5.5)
A5.51 Maerl beds (A5.51)
A5.52 Kelp and seaweed communities on sublittoral sediment (A5.52)
A5.53 Sublittoral seagrass beds (A5.53)
A5.54 Angiosperm communities in reduced salinity (A5.54)
A5.6 Sublittoral biogenic reefs (A5.6)
A5.61 Sublittoral polychaete worm reefs on sediment (A5.61)
A5.62 Sublittoral mussel beds on sediment (A5.62)
A5.63 Circalittoral coral reefs (A5.63)
A5.7 Features of sublittoral sediments (A5.7)
A5.71 Seeps and vents in sublittoral sediments (A5.71)
A5.72 Organically-enriched or anoxic sublittoral habitats (A5.72)
A6 Deep-sea bed (A6)
A6.1 Deep-sea rock and artificial hard substrata (A6.1)
A6.11 Deep-sea bedrock (A6.11)
A6.12 Deep-sea artificial hard substrata (A6.12)
A6.13 Deep-sea manganese nodules (A6.13)
A6.14 Boulders on the deep-sea bed (A6.14)
A6.2 Deep-sea mixed substrata (A6.2)
A6.21 Deep-sea lag deposits (A6.21)
A6.22 Deep-sea biogenic gravels (shells, coral debris) (A6.22)
A6.23 Deep-sea calcareous pavements (A6.23)
A6.24 Communities of allochthonous material (A6.24)
A6.3 Deep-sea sand (A6.3)
A6.31 Communities of bathyal detritic sands with [Grypheus vitreus] (A6.31)
A6.4 Deep-sea muddy sand (A6.4)
A6.5 Deep-sea mud (A6.5)
A6.51 Mediterranean communities of bathyal muds (A6.51)
A6.52 Communities of abyssal muds (A6.52)
A6.6 Deep-sea bioherms (A6.6)
A6.61 Communities of deep-sea corals (A6.61)
A6.62 Deep-sea sponge aggregations (A6.62)
A6.7 Raised features of the deep-sea bed (A6.7)
A6.71 Permanently submerged flanks of oceanic islands (A6.71)
A6.72 Seamounts, knolls and banks (A6.72)
A6.73 Oceanic ridges (A6.73)
A6.74 Abyssal hills (A6.74)
A6.75 Carbonate mounds (A6.75)
A6.8 Deep-sea trenches and canyons, channels, slope failures and slumps on the continental slope (A6.8)
A6.81 Canyons, channels, slope failures and slumps on the continental slope (A6.81)
A6.82 Deep-sea trenches (A6.82)
A6.9 Vents, seeps, hypoxic and anoxic habitats of the deep sea (A6.9)
A6.91 Deep-sea reducing habitats (A6.91)
A6.92 Deep-sea bed influenced by hypoxic water column (A6.92)
A6.93 Isolated ‘oceanic’ features influenced by hypoxic water column (A6.93)
A6.94 Vents in the deep sea (A6.94)
A7 Pelagic water column (A7)
A7.1 Neuston (A7.1)
A7.11 Temporary neuston layer (A7.11)
A7.12 Permanent neuston layer (A7.12)
A7.2 Completely mixed water column with reduced salinity (A7.2)
A7.21 Completely mixed water column with reduced salinity and short residence time (A7.21)
A7.22 Completely mixed water column with reduced salinity and medium residence time (A7.22)
A7.23 Completely mixed water column with reduced salinity and long residence time (A7.23)
A7.3 Completely mixed water column with full salinity (A7.3)
A7.31 Completely mixed water column with full salinity and short residence time (A7.31)
A7.32 Completely mixed water column with full salinity and medium residence time (A7.32)
A7.33 Completely mixed water column with full salinity and long residence time (A7.33)
A7.4 Partially mixed water column with reduced salinity and medium or long residence time (A7.4)
A7.41 Partially mixed water column with reduced salinity and medium residence time (A7.41)
A7.42 Partially mixed water column with reduced salinity and long residence time (A7.42)
A7.5 Unstratified water column with reduced salinity (A7.5)
A7.51 Euphotic (epipelagic) zone in unstratified reduced salinity water (A7.51)
A7.52 Mesopelagic zone in unstratified reduced salinity water (A7.52)
A7.53 Bathypelagic zone in unstratified reduced salinity water (A7.53)
A7.54 Abyssopelagic zone in unstratified reduced salinity water (A7.54)
A7.6 Vertically stratified water column with reduced salinity (A7.6)
A7.61 Water column with ephemeral thermal stratification and reduced salinity (A7.61)
A7.62 Water column with seasonal thermal stratification and reduced salinity (A7.62)
A7.63 Water column with permanent thermal stratification and reduced salinity (A7.63)
A7.64 Water column with ephemeral halocline and reduced salinity (A7.64)
A7.65 Water column with seasonal halocline and reduced salinity (A7.65)
A7.66 Water column with permanent halocline and reduced salinity (A7.66)
A7.67 Water column with ephemeral oxygen stratification and reduced salinity (A7.67)
A7.68 Water column with seasonal oxygen stratification and reduced salinity (A7.68)
A7.69 Water column with permanent oxygen stratification and reduced salinity (A7.69)
A7.7 Fronts in reduced salinity water column (A7.7)
A7.71 Ephemeral fronts in reduced salinity water column (A7.71)
A7.72 Seasonal fronts in reduced salinity water column (A7.72)
A7.73 Persistent fronts in reduced salinity water column (A7.73)
A7.8 Unstratified water column with full salinity (A7.8)
A7.81 Euphotic (epipelagic) zone in unstratified full salinity water (A7.81)
A7.82 Mesopelagic zone in unstratified full salinity water (A7.82)
A7.83 Bathypelagic zone in unstratified full salinity water (A7.83)
A7.84 Abyssopelagic zone in unstratified full salinity water (A7.84)
A7.9 Vertically stratified water column with full salinity (A7.9)
A7.91 Water column with ephemeral thermal stratification and full salinity (A7.91)
A7.92 Water column with seasonal thermal stratification and full salinity (A7.92)
A7.93 Water column with permanent thermal stratification and full salinity (A7.93)
A7.94 Water column with ephemeral halocline and full salinity (A7.94)
A7.95 Water column with seasonal halocline and full salinity (A7.95)
A7.96 Water column with permanent halocline and full salinity (A7.96)
A7.97 Water column with ephemeral oxygen stratification and full salinity (A7.97)
A7.98 Water column with seasonal oxygen stratification and full salinity (A7.98)
A7.99 Water column with permanent oxygen stratification and full salinity (A7.99)
A7.A Fronts in full salinity water column (A7.A)
A7.A1 Ephemeral fronts in full salinity water column (A7.A1)
A7.A2 Seasonal fronts in full salinity water column (A7.A2)
A7.A3 Persistent fronts in full salinity water column (A7.A3)
A8 Ice-associated marine habitats (A8)
A8.1 Sea ice (A8.1)
A8.11 Seasonal pack-ice (A8.11)
A8.12 Permanent pack-ice (A8.12)
A8.13 Ice floes (A8.13)
A8.2 Freshwater ice (A8.2)
A8.21 Large tabular iceberg (A8.21)
A8.22 Medium iceberg (A8.22)
A8.23 Small iceberg (A8.23)
A8.24 Bergy bit (A8.24)
A8.25 Growler (A8.25)
A8.3 Brine channels (A8.3)
A8.31 Brine channels in first year ice (A8.31)
A8.32 Brine channels in multi-year ice (A8.32)
A8.4 Under-ice habitat (A8.4)
A8.41 Under-ice habitat in first-year ice (A8.41)
A8.42 Under-ice habitat in multi-year ice (A8.42)
B Coastal habitats (B)
B1 Coastal dunes and sandy shores (B1)
B1.1 Sand beach driftlines (B1.1)
B1.11 Boreo-Arctic sand beach annual communities (B1.11)
B1.12 Middle European sand beach annual communities (B1.12)
B1.13 Tethyan sand beach driftline communities (B1.13)
B1.2 Sand beaches above the driftline (B1.2)
B1.21 Unvegetated sand beaches above the driftline (B1.21)
B1.22 Biocenosis of supralittoral sands (B1.22)
B1.23 Boreo-arctic sand beach perennial communities (B1.23)
B1.24 Sandy beach ridges with no or low vegetation (B1.24)
B1.25 Sandy beach ridges dominated by shrubs or trees (B1.25)
B1.3 Shifting coastal dunes (B1.3)
B1.31 Embryonic shifting dunes (B1.31)
B1.32 White dunes (B1.32)
B1.33 Young boreo-arctic dunes (B1.33)
B1.4 Coastal stable dune grassland (grey dunes) (B1.4)
B1.41 Northern fixed grey dunes (B1.41)
B1.42 Biscay fixed grey dunes (B1.42)
B1.43 Mediterraneo-Atlantic fixed grey dunes (B1.43)
B1.44 East Mediterranean fixed grey dunes (B1.44)
B1.45 Atlantic dune [Mesobromion] grassland (B1.45)
B1.46 Atlantic dune thermophile fringes (B1.46)
B1.47 Dune fine-grass annual communities (B1.47)
B1.48 Tethyan dune deep sand therophyte communities (B1.48)
B1.49 Dune Mediterranean xeric grassland (B1.49)
B1.4A Thermo-Atlantic succulent and semi-fixed dunes (B1.4A)
B1.4B Pontic fixed dunes (B1.4B)
B1.4C Boreo-arctic grey dunes (B1.4C)
B1.5 Coastal dune heaths (B1.5)
B1.51 [Empetrum] brown dunes (B1.51)
B1.52 [Calluna vulgaris] brown dunes (B1.52)
B1.6 Coastal dune scrub (B1.6)
B1.61 Coastal dune thickets (B1.61)
B1.62 [Salix arenaria] mats (B1.62)
B1.63 Dune [Juniperus] thickets (B1.63)
B1.64 Dune sclerophyllous scrubs and thickets (B1.64)
B1.7 Coastal dune woods (B1.7)
B1.71 Coastal brown dunes covered with natural or almost natural coniferous forest, e.g. [Pinus silvestris] (B1.71)
B1.72 Coastal brown dunes covered with deciduous forest ([Fagus], [Betula], [Quercus]) (B1.72)
B1.8 Moist and wet dune slacks (B1.8)
B1.81 Dune-slack pools (B1.81)
B1.82 Dune-slack pioneer swards (B1.82)
B1.83 Dune-slack fens (B1.83)
B1.84 Dune-slack grassland and heaths (B1.84)
B1.85 Dune-slack reedbeds, sedgebeds and canebeds (B1.85)
B1.86 Coastal dunes: wet dune slacks: dominated by shrubs or trees (B1.86)
B1.9 Machair (B1.9)
B2 Coastal shingle (B2)
B2.1 Shingle beach driftlines (B2.1)
B2.11 Boreo-arctic gravel beach annual communities (B2.11)
B2.12 Atlantic and Baltic shingle beach drift lines (B2.12)
B2.13 Gravel beach communities of the mediterranean region (B2.13)
B2.14 Biocenosis of slowly drying wracks (B2.14)
B2.2 Unvegetated mobile shingle beaches above the driftline (B2.2)
B2.3 Upper shingle beaches with open vegetation (B2.3)
B2.31 Baltic [Crambe maritima] communities (B2.31)
B2.32 Channel [Crambe maritima] communities (B2.32)
B2.33 Atlantic [Crambe maritima] communities (B2.33)
B2.4 Fixed shingle beaches, with herbaceous vegetation (B2.4)
B2.41 Euro-Siberian gravel bank grasslands (B2.41)
B2.5 Shingle and gravel beaches with scrub (B2.5)
B2.51 Euro-Siberian gravel bank heaths (B2.51)
B2.6 Shingle and gravel beach woodland (B2.6)
B3 Rock cliffs, ledges and shores, including the supralittoral (B3)
B3.1 Supralittoral rock (lichen or splash zone) (B3.1)
B3.11 Lichens or small green algae on supralittoral and littoral fringe rock (B3.11)
B3.12 Rock stacks and islets above high tide level in splash zone (B3.12)
B3.2 Unvegetated rock cliffs, ledges, shores and islets (B3.2)
B3.21 High Arctic sea-cliffs and rocky shores (B3.21)
B3.22 Atlantic low Arctic sea-cliffs and rocky shores (B3.22)
B3.23 Temperate Atlantic sea-cliffs and rocky shores (B3.23)
B3.24 Unvegetated Baltic rocky shores and cliffs (B3.24)
B3.25 Subtropical Atlantic sea-cliffs and rocky shores (B3.25)
B3.26 Mediterraneo-Pontic sea-cliffs and rocky shores (B3.26)
B3.27 Rock stacks and islets above splash zone (B3.27)
B3.3 Rock cliffs, ledges and shores, with angiosperms (B3.3)
B3.31 Atlantic sea-cliff communities (B3.31)
B3.32 Vegetated Baltic gently sloping rocky shores and cliffs (B3.32)
B3.33 Tethyan sea-cliff communities (B3.33)
B3.34 Canary Island and Madeiran sea-cliff communities (B3.34)
B3.35 Azorean sea-cliff communities (B3.35)
B3.36 Coastal lagoon cliff communities (B3.36)
B3.4 Soft sea-cliffs, often vegetated (B3.4)
B3.41 Baltic chalk and moraine cliffs (B3.41)
C Inland surface waters (C)
C1 Surface standing waters (C1)
C1.1 Permanent oligotrophic lakes, ponds and pools (C1.1)
C1.11 Benthic communities of oligotrophic waterbodies (C1.11)
C1.12 Rooted submerged vegetation of oligotrophic waterbodies (C1.12)
C1.13 Rooted floating vegetation of oligotrophic waterbodies (C1.13)
C1.14 Charophyte submerged carpets in oligotrophic waterbodies (C1.14)
C1.15 Peatmoss and [Utricularia] communities of oligotrophic waterbodies (C1.15)
C1.2 Permanent mesotrophic lakes, ponds and pools (C1.2)
C1.21 Benthic communities of mesotrophic waterbodies (C1.21)
C1.22 Free-floating vegetation of mesotrophic waterbodies (C1.22)
C1.23 Rooted submerged vegetation of mesotrophic waterbodies (C1.23)
C1.24 Rooted floating vegetation of mesotrophic waterbodies (C1.24)
C1.25 Charophyte submerged carpets in mesotrophic waterbodies (C1.25)
C1.26 Peatmoss and [Utricularia] communities of mesotrophic waterbodies (C1.26)
C1.3 Permanent eutrophic lakes, ponds and pools (C1.3)
C1.31 Benthic communities of eutrophic waterbodies (C1.31)
C1.32 Free-floating vegetation of eutrophic waterbodies (C1.32)
C1.33 Rooted submerged vegetation of eutrophic waterbodies (C1.33)
C1.34 Rooted floating vegetation of eutrophic waterbodies (C1.34)
C1.4 Permanent dystrophic lakes, ponds and pools (C1.4)
C1.41 Benthic communities of dystrophic waterbodies (C1.41)
C1.42 Rooted submerged vegetation of dystrophic waterbodies (C1.42)
C1.43 Rooted floating vegetation of dystrophic waterbodies (C1.43)
C1.44 Charophyte submerged carpets in dystrophic waterbodies (C1.44)
C1.45 Peatmoss and [Utricularia] communities of dystrophic waterbodies (C1.45)
C1.46 Raised bog pools (C1.46)
C1.47 Lagg (C1.47)
C1.5 Permanent inland saline and brackish lakes, ponds and pools (C1.5)
C1.51 Athalassic saline lakes (C1.51)
C1.52 Athalassic saline euhydrophyte communities (C1.52)
C1.6 Temporary lakes, ponds and pools (C1.6)
C1.61 Lime-deficient oligotrophic temporary waters (C1.61)
C1.62 Mesotrophic temporary waters (C1.62)
C1.63 Eutrophic temporary waters (C1.63)
C1.64 Dystrophic temporary waters (C1.64)
C1.65 Lime-rich oligo-mesotrophic temporary waters (C1.65)
C1.66 Temporary inland saline and brackish waters (C1.66)
C1.67 Turlough and lake-bottom meadows (C1.67)
C1.68 Benthic communities of temporary waters (C1.68)
C1.69 Rooted floating vegetation of temporary waterbodies (C1.69)
C1.7 Permanent lake ice (C1.7)
C2 Surface running waters (C2)
C2.1 Springs, spring brooks and geysers (C2.1)
C2.11 Soft water springs (C2.11)
C2.12 Hard water springs (C2.12)
C2.13 Geysers (C2.13)
C2.14 Thermal springs (C2.14)
C2.15 Saline springs (C2.15)
C2.16 Crenal streams (spring brooks) (C2.16)
C2.17 Thermal spring brooks (C2.17)
C2.18 Acid oligotrophic vegetation of spring brooks (C2.18)
C2.19 Lime-rich oligotrophic vegetation of spring brooks (C2.19)
C2.1A Mesotrophic vegetation of spring brooks (C2.1A)
C2.1B Eutrophic vegetation of spring brooks (C2.1B)
C2.2 Permanent non-tidal, fast, turbulent watercourses (C2.2)
C2.21 Epirhithral and metarhithral streams (C2.21)
C2.22 Hyporhithral streams (C2.22)
C2.23 Glacial meltwaters (C2.23)
C2.24 Waterfalls (C2.24)
C2.25 Acid oligotrophic vegetation of fast-flowing streams (C2.25)
C2.26 Lime-rich oligotrophic vegetation of fast-flowing streams (C2.26)
C2.27 Mesotrophic vegetation of fast-flowing streams (C2.27)
C2.28 Eutrophic vegetation of fast-flowing streams (C2.28)
C2.3 Permanent non-tidal, smooth-flowing watercourses (C2.3)
C2.31 Epipotamal streams (C2.31)
C2.32 Metapotamal and hypopotamal streams (C2.32)
C2.33 Mesotrophic vegetation of slow-flowing rivers (C2.33)
C2.34 Eutrophic vegetation of slow-flowing rivers (C2.34)
C2.4 Tidal rivers, upstream from the estuary (C2.4)
C2.41 Brackish water tidal rivers (C2.41)
C2.42 Freshwater tidal rivers (C2.42)
C2.43 Mesotrophic vegetation of tidal rivers (C2.43)
C2.44 Eutrophic vegetation of tidal rivers (C2.44)
C2.5 Temporary running waters (C2.5)
C2.6 Films of water flowing over rocky watercourse margins (C2.6)
C3 Littoral zone of inland surface waterbodies (C3)
C3.1 Species-rich helophyte beds (C3.1)
C3.11 Beds of small helophytes of fast-flowing waters (C3.11)
C3.2 Water-fringing reedbeds and tall helophytes other than canes (C3.2)
C3.21 [Phragmites australis] beds (C3.21)
C3.22 [Scirpus lacustris] beds (C3.22)
C3.23 [Typha] beds (C3.23)
C3.24 Medium-tall non-graminoid waterside communities (C3.24)
C3.25 Water-fringe medium-tall grass beds (C3.25)
C3.26 [Phalaris arundinacea] beds (C3.26)
C3.27 Halophile [Scirpus] beds (C3.27)
C3.28 Riparian [Cladium mariscus] beds (C3.28)
C3.3 Water-fringing beds of tall canes (C3.3)
C3.31 [Saccharum ravennae] communities (C3.31)
C3.32 [Arundo donax] beds (C3.32)
C3.4 Species-poor beds of low-growing water-fringing or amphibious vegetation (C3.4)
C3.41 Euro-Siberian perennial amphibious communities (C3.41)
C3.42 Mediterraneo-Atlantic amphibious communities (C3.42)
C3.43 Central Eurasian amphibious communities (C3.43)
C3.44 [Eleocharis parvula] and [Eleocharis acicularis] beds of inland saline and brackish waters (C3.44)
C3.45 [Nasturtium officinale] ([Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum]) beds (C3.45)
C3.5 Periodically inundated shores with pioneer and ephemeral vegetation (C3.5)
C3.51 Euro-Siberian dwarf annual amphibious swards (C3.51)
C3.52 [Bidens] communities (of lake and pond shores) (C3.52)
C3.53 Euro-Siberian annual river mud communities (C3.53)
C3.54 Boreo-arctic river mud communities (C3.54)
C3.55 Sparsely vegetated river gravel banks (C3.55)
C3.6 Unvegetated or sparsely vegetated shores with soft or mobile sediments (C3.6)
C3.61 Unvegetated river sand banks (C3.61)
C3.62 Unvegetated river gravel banks (C3.62)
C3.63 Unvegetated river mud banks (C3.63)
C3.64 Exposed unvegetated freshwater lake sands and shingles (C3.64)
C3.65 Exposed unvegetated freshwater lake muds (C3.65)
C3.66 Exposed unvegetated beaches of inland saline and brackish waters with soft sediments (C3.66)
C3.7 Unvegetated or sparsely vegetated shores with non-mobile substrates (C3.7)
C3.71 Periodically exposed river-bed rocks, pavements and blocks (C3.71)
C3.72 Periodically exposed lake-bed rocks, pavements and blocks (C3.72)
C3.73 Draw-down zones of reservoirs with non-mobile substrates (C3.73)
C3.8 Inland spray- and steam-dependent habitats (C3.8)
D Mires, bogs and fens (D)
D1 Raised and blanket bogs (D1)
D1.1 Raised bogs (D1.1)
D1.11 Active, relatively undamaged raised bogs (D1.11)
D1.12 Damaged, inactive bogs (D1.12)
D1.13 Condensation mires (D1.13)
D1.14 [Myrica gale] scrub on raised bogs (D1.14)
D1.15 Wet bare peat and peat haggs on raised bogs (D1.15)
D1.2 Blanket bogs (D1.2)
D1.21 Hyperoceanic low-altitude blanket bogs, typically with dominant [Trichophorum] (D1.21)
D1.22 Montane blanket bogs, [Calluna] and [Eriophorum vaginatum] often dominant (D1.22)
D1.23 Boreo-Atlantic blanket bogs (D1.23)
D1.24 Wet bare peat and peat haggs on blanket bogs (D1.24)
D2 Valley mires, poor fens and transition mires (D2)
D2.1 Valley mires (D2.1)
D2.11 Acid valley mires (D2.11)
D2.12 Basic and neutral valley mires (D2.12)
D2.2 Poor fens and soft-water spring mires (D2.2)
D2.21 [Eriophorum scheuchzeri] fens (D2.21)
D2.22 [Carex nigra], [Carex canescens], [Carex echinata] fens (D2.22)
D2.23 Apennine acidic fens (D2.23)
D2.24 [Carex intricata] pozzines (wet depressions surrounding glacial lakes) (D2.24)
D2.25 [Trichophorum cespitosum] and [Narthecium ossifragum] acidic fens (D2.25)
D2.26 [Eriophorum angustifolium] fens (D2.26)
D2.27 Dunal sedge acidic fens (D2.27)
D2.28 Illyrio-Moesian acidic fens (D2.28)
D2.29 Boreal acidic sphagnum fens (D2.29)
D2.2A [Myrica gale] scrub on poor fens (D2.2A)
D2.2B Caucasian acidic fens (D2.2B)
D2.2C Soft water spring mires (D2.2C)
D2.3 Transition mires and quaking bogs (D2.3)
D2.31 [Carex lasiocarpa] swards (D2.31)
D2.32 [Carex diandra] quaking mires (D2.32)
D2.33 [Carex rostrata] quaking mires (D2.33)
D2.34 [Carex limosa] swards (D2.34)
D2.35 [Carex chordorrhiza] swards (D2.35)
D2.36 [Carex heleonastes] swards (D2.36)
D2.37 [Rhynchospora alba] quaking bogs (D2.37)
D2.38 [Sphagnum] and [Eriophorum] rafts (D2.38)
D2.39 [Menyanthes trifoliata] and [Potentilla palustris] rafts (D2.39)
D2.3A [Calla palustris] mires (D2.3A)
D2.3B Brown moss carpets (D2.3B)
D2.3C [Eriophorum vaginatum] quaking bogs (D2.3C)
D2.3D [Molinia caerulea] quaking bogs (D2.3D)
D2.3E [Calamagrostis stricta] quaking bogs (D2.3E)
D2.3F [Scirpus hudsonianus] ([Trichophorum alpinum]) quaking bogs (D2.3F)
D2.3G Iberian quaking bogs (D2.3G)
D2.3H Wet, open, acid peat and sand, with [Rhynchospora alba] and [Drosera] (D2.3H)
D3 Aapa, palsa and polygon mires (D3)
D3.1 Palsa mires (D3.1)
D3.11 Palsa mounds (D3.11)
D3.12 [Sphagnum fuscum] pounikko hummocks (D3.12)
D3.13 Palsa mire flarks (D3.13)
D3.2 Aapa mires (D3.2)
D3.21 Aapa strings (D3.21)
D3.22 Aapa flarks (D3.22)
D3.3 Polygon mires (D3.3)
D3.31 Polygon mire ridges (D3.31)
D3.32 Polygon mire hollows (D3.32)
D4 Base-rich fens and calcareous spring mires (D4)
D4.1 Rich fens, including eutrophic tall-herb fens and calcareous flushes and soaks (D4.1)
D4.11 [Schoenus nigricans] fens (D4.11)
D4.12 [Schoenus ferrugineus] fens (D4.12)
D4.13 Subcontinental [Carex davalliana] fens (D4.13)
D4.14 Pyrenean [Carex davalliana] fens (D4.14)
D4.15 [Carex dioica], [Carex pulicaris] and [Carex flava] fens (D4.15)
D4.16 [Carex nigra] alkaline fens (D4.16)
D4.17 [Carex saxatilis] fens (D4.17)
D4.18 [Carex frigida] fens (D4.18)
D4.19 British [Carex demissa] - [Saxifraga aizoides] flushes (D4.19)
D4.1A [Eleocharis quinqueflora] fens (D4.1A)
D4.1B Mediterraneo-Turanian small sedge fens (D4.1B)
D4.1C [Carex rostrata] alkaline fens (D4.1C)
D4.1D [Scirpus hudsonianus] ([Trichophorum alpinum]) alkaline fens (D4.1D)
D4.1E [Trichophorum cespitosum] alkaline fens (D4.1E)
D4.1F Middle European [Blysmus compressus] fens (D4.1F)
D4.1G Small herb alkaline fens (D4.1G)
D4.1H Calcareous dunal [Juncus] - sedge fens (D4.1H)
D4.1I Tall herb fens (D4.1I)
D4.1J Icelandic [Carex bigelowii] fens (D4.1J)
D4.1K [Sesleria caerulea] fens (D4.1K)
D4.1L Icelandic [Equisetum palustre] fens (D4.1L)
D4.1M [Myrica gale] scrub on rich fens (D4.1M)
D4.1N Hard water spring mires (D4.1N)
D4.2 Basic mountain flushes and streamsides, with a rich arctic-montane flora (D4.2)
D4.21 Arctoalpine [Kobresia simpliciuscula] and [Carex microglochin] swards (D4.21)
D4.22 Alpine riverine [Carex maritima] ([Carex incurva]) swards (D4.22)
D4.23 Arctoalpine riverine [Equisetum], [Typha] and [Juncus] swards (D4.23)
D4.24 British mica flushes (D4.24)
D4.25 Boreal [Carex atrofusca] swards (D4.25)
D4.26 Boreal marsh-fens (D4.26)
D5 Sedge and reedbeds, normally without free-standing water (D5)
D5.1 Reedbeds normally without free-standing water (D5.1)
D5.11 [Phragmites australis] beds normally without free-standing water (D5.11)
D5.12 [Scirpus lacustris] beds normally without free-standing water (D5.12)
D5.13 [Typha] beds normally without free-standing water (D5.13)
D5.2 Beds of large sedges normally without free-standing water (D5.2)
D5.21 Beds of large [Carex] spp. (D5.21)
D5.22 Tall [Cyperus] beds, other than [Cyperus papyrus] (D5.22)
D5.23 [Cyperus papyrus] swamps (D5.23)
D5.24 Fen [Cladium mariscus] beds (D5.24)
D5.25 Valencia [Cladium] islands (D5.25)
D5.3 Swamps and marshes dominated by [Juncus effusus] or other large [Juncus] spp. (D5.3)
D6 Inland saline and brackish marshes and reedbeds (D6)
D6.1 Inland saltmarshes (D6.1)
D6.11 Interior European [Puccinellia distans] meadows (D6.11)
D6.12 Interior European saltmarsh [Juncus gerardi] and [Elymus repens] beds (D6.12)
D6.13 Interior European [Halimione pedunculata] beds (D6.13)
D6.14 Swards of Carpathian travertine concretions (D6.14)
D6.15 Interior Iberian [Microcnemum] and [Salicornia] swards (D6.15)
D6.16 Interior central European and Anatolian [Salicornia], [Microcnemum], [Suaeda] and [Salsola] swards (D6.16)
D6.17 Western European continental glasswort beds (D6.17)
D6.2 Inland saline or brackish species-poor helophyte beds normally without free-standing water (D6.2)
D6.21 Dry halophile [Phragmites] beds (D6.21)
D6.22 [Cyperus laevigatus] beds (D6.22)
D6.23 Interior Iberian salt pan meadows (D6.23)
E Grasslands and lands dominated by forbs, mosses or lichens (E)
E1 Dry grasslands (E1)
E1.1 Inland sand and rock with open vegetation (E1.1)
E1.11 Euro-Siberian rock debris swards (E1.11)
E1.12 Euro-Siberian pioneer calcareous sand swards (E1.12)
E1.2 Perennial calcareous grassland and basic steppes (E1.2)
E1.21 Helleno-Balkanic [Satureja montana] steppes (E1.21)
E1.22 Arid subcontinental steppic grassland ([Festucion valesiacae]) (E1.22)
E1.23 Meso-xerophile subcontinental meadow-steppes ([Cirsio-Brachypodion]) (E1.23)
E1.24 Central alpine arid grassland ([Stipo-Poion]) (E1.24)
E1.25 Alvar steppes (E1.25)
E1.26 Sub-Atlantic semi-dry calcareous grassland (E1.26)
E1.27 Sub-Atlantic very dry calcareous grassland (E1.27)
E1.28 Central European calcaro-siliceous grassland (E1.28)
E1.29 [Festuca pallens] grassland (E1.29)
E1.2A [Brachypodium phoenicoides] swards (E1.2A)
E1.2B Serpentine steppes (E1.2B)
E1.2C Pannonic loess steppic grassland (E1.2C)
E1.2D Ponto-Sarmatic steppes (E1.2D)
E1.2E Irano-Anatolian steppes (E1.2E)
E1.2F Pannonic sand steppes (E1.2F)
E1.2G Ponto-Sarmatic sand steppes (E1.2G)
E1.2H Irano-Anatolian sand steppes (E1.2H)
E1.3 Mediterranean xeric grassland (E1.3)
E1.31 West Mediterranean xeric grassland (E1.31)
E1.32 Southwestern Mediterranean perennial pastures (E1.32)
E1.33 East Mediterranean xeric grassland (E1.33)
E1.4 Mediterranean tall-grass and [Artemisia] steppes (E1.4)
E1.41 [Stipa tenacissima] steppes (E1.41)
E1.42 [Lygeum spartum] steppes (E1.42)
E1.43 Mediterranean steppes dominated by tall grasses other than [Stipa tenacissima] or [Lygeum spartum] (E1.43)
E1.44 Cane steppes (E1.44)
E1.45 Sub-Mediterranean [Artemisia] steppes (E1.45)
E1.5 Mediterranean-montane grassland (E1.5)
E1.51 Mediterraneo-montane steppes (E1.51)
E1.52 [Aphyllanthes] grassland and supra-Mediterranean steppes (E1.52)
E1.53 Iberian [Festuca] frost-influenced grassland (E1.53)
E1.54 Central and southern Apennine dry grassland (E1.54)
E1.55 Eastern sub-Mediterranean dry grassland (E1.55)
E1.6 Subnitrophilous annual grassland (E1.6)
E1.61 Mediterranean subnitrophilous grass communities (E1.61)
E1.62 Meseta subnitrophilous crucifer communities (E1.62)
E1.63 Iberian southeastern subnitrophilous herb communities (E1.63)
E1.64 Eastern Mediterranean subnitrophilous herb communities (E1.64)
E1.7 Non-Mediterranean dry acid and neutral closed grassland (E1.7)
E1.71 [Nardus stricta] swards (E1.71)
E1.72 [Agrostis] - [Festuca] grassland (E1.72)
E1.73 [Deschampsia flexuosa] grassland (E1.73)
E1.74 [Calamagrostis epigejos] stands (E1.74)
E1.75 [Carex arenaria] grassland (E1.75)
E1.8 Mediterranean dry acid and neutral closed grassland (E1.8)
E1.81 Mediterranean therophytic siliceous grassland (E1.81)
E1.82 Iberian [Festuca elegans] grassland (E1.82)
E1.83 Mediterraneo-montane [Nardus stricta] swards (E1.83)
E1.9 Non-Mediterranean dry acid and neutral open grassland, including inland dune grassland (E1.9)
E1.91 Dwarf annual siliceous grassland (E1.91)
E1.92 Perennial open siliceous grassland (E1.92)
E1.93 [Corynephorus] grassland (E1.93)
E1.94 Inland dune pioneer grassland (E1.94)
E1.95 Inland dune siliceous grassland (E1.95)
E1.96 Northern fluviatile dunes (E1.96)
E1.97 Southern fluviatile dunes (E1.97)
E1.98 Breckland inland dunes (E1.98)
E1.99 Rhône riverine dunes (E1.99)
E1.9A Southern Iberian inland dunes (E1.9A)
E1.9B Pannonic inland dunes (E1.9B)
E1.9C Pontic inland dunes (E1.9C)
E1.9D Standing stone inland dunes (E1.9D)
E1.9E Irano-Anatolian inland dunes (E1.9E)
E1.A Mediterranean dry acid and neutral open grassland (E1.A)
E1.A1 Mediterranean annual deep-sand communities (E1.A1)
E1.A2 Supra-Mediterranean perennial siliceous grasslands (E1.A2)
E1.B Heavy-metal grassland (E1.B)
E1.B1 Atlantic heavy-metal grassland (E1.B1)
E1.B2 Calaminarian grassland (E1.B2)
E1.B3 Central European heavy-metal grassland (E1.B3)
E1.B4 Calaminarian [Silene vulgaris] grassland (E1.B4)
E1.B5 Alpine heavy-metal grassland (E1.B5)
E1.C Dry mediterranean lands with unpalatable non-vernal herbaceous vegetation (E1.C)
E1.C1 [Asphodelus] fields (E1.C1)
E1.C2 Thistle fields (E1.C2)
E1.C3 [Phlomis] brushes (E1.C3)
E1.C4 [Ferula] stands (E1.C4)
E2 Mesic grasslands (E2)
E2.1 Permanent mesotrophic pastures and aftermath-grazed meadows (E2.1)
E2.11 Unbroken pastures (E2.11)
E2.12 Ditch-broken pastures (E2.12)
E2.13 Abandoned pastures (E2.13)
E2.14 Species-rich lowland flood meadows (E2.14)
E2.15 Macaronesian mesic grassland (E2.15)
E2.2 Low and medium altitude hay meadows (E2.2)
E2.21 Atlantic hay meadows (E2.21)
E2.22 Sub-Atlantic lowland hay meadows (E2.22)
E2.23 Medio-European submontane hay meadows (E2.23)
E2.24 Boreal and sub-boreal meadows (E2.24)
E2.25 Continental meadows (E2.25)
E2.3 Mountain hay meadows (E2.3)
E2.31 Alpic mountain hay meadows (E2.31)
E2.32 Ponto-Caucasian hay meadows (E2.32)
E2.4 Iberian summer pastures (vallicares) (E2.4)
E2.41 Perennial vallicares (E2.41)
E2.42 Annual vallicares (E2.42)
E2.43 Andalusian [Armeria] vallicares (E2.43)
E2.5 Meadows of the steppe zone (E2.5)
E2.6 Agriculturally-improved, re-seeded and heavily fertilised grassland, including sports fields and grass lawns (E2.6)
E2.61 Dry or moist agriculturally-improved grassland (E2.61)
E2.62 Wet agriculturally-improved grassland, often with drainage ditches (E2.62)
E2.63 Turf sports fields (E2.63)
E2.64 Park lawns (E2.64)
E2.65 Small-scale lawns (E2.65)
E2.7 Unmanaged mesic grassland (E2.7)
E3 Seasonally wet and wet grasslands (E3)
E3.1 Mediterranean tall humid grassland (E3.1)
E3.11 Mediterranean tall humid grassland of lowlands (E3.11)
E3.12 Mediterranean tall humid grassland of mountains (E3.12)
E3.2 Mediterranean short humid grassland (E3.2)
E3.3 Sub-mediterranean humid meadows (E3.3)
E3.31 Helleno-Moesian riverine and humid [Trifolium] meadows (E3.31)
E3.32 Apennine humid meadows (E3.32)
E3.33 Dalmatian riverine and humid meadows (E3.33)
E3.34 Illyrio-Moesian riverine and humid [Trifolium] meadows (E3.34)
E3.35 Anatolian supra-Mediterranean humid grassland (E3.35)
E3.4 Moist or wet eutrophic and mesotrophic grassland (E3.4)
E3.41 Atlantic and sub-Atlantic humid meadows (E3.41)
E3.42 [Juncus acutiflorus] meadows (E3.42)
E3.43 Subcontinental riverine meadows (E3.43)
E3.44 Flood swards and related communities (E3.44)
E3.45 Recently abandoned hay meadows (E3.45)
E3.46 Continental humid meadows (E3.46)
E3.47 Northern boreal alluvial meadows (E3.47)
E3.5 Moist or wet oligotrophic grassland (E3.5)
E3.51 [Molinia caerulea] meadows and related communities (E3.51)
E3.52 Heath [Juncus] meadows and humid [Nardus stricta] swards (E3.52)
E3.53 Continental oligotrophic humid grassland (E3.53)
E4 Alpine and subalpine grasslands (E4)
E4.1 Vegetated snow-patch (E4.1)
E4.11 Boreo-alpine acidocline snow-patch grassland and herb habitats (E4.11)
E4.12 Boreo-alpine calcicline snow-patch grassland and herb habitats (E4.12)
E4.13 Ponto-Caucasian snow-patch grassland (E4.13)
E4.14 Boreo-alpine fern snowbed grassland (E4.14)
E4.2 Moss and lichen dominated mountain summits, ridges and exposed slopes (E4.2)
E4.21 Oroboreal [Carex bigelowii]-[Rhacomitrium] moss-heaths (E4.21)
E4.22 Rock pavement lichen communities (E4.22)
E4.23 Rock pavement, plateau and summital moss heaths (E4.23)
E4.24 Icelandic lava flow moss heaths (E4.24)
E4.25 Moss and lichen fjell fields (E4.25)
E4.3 Acid alpine and subalpine grassland (E4.3)
E4.31 Alpic [Nardus stricta] swards and related communities (E4.31)
E4.32 Oroboreal acidocline grassland (E4.32)
E4.33 Thermo-Alpigenous subalpine acidophilous grassland (E4.33)
E4.34 Alpigenous acidophilous grassland (E4.34)
E4.35 Oro-Hellenic closed grassland (E4.35)
E4.36 Oro-Iberian acidophilous grassland (E4.36)
E4.37 Oro-Corsican grassland (E4.37)
E4.38 Oro-Apennine closed grassland (E4.38)
E4.39 Oro-Moesian acidophilous grassland (E4.39)
E4.3A Western Asian acidophilous alpine grassland (E4.3A)
E4.4 Calcareous alpine and subalpine grassland (E4.4)
E4.41 Closed calciphile alpine grassland (E4.41)
E4.42 Wind edge [Kobresia myosuroides] swards (E4.42)
E4.43 Calciphilous stepped and garland grassland (E4.43)
E4.44 Ponto-Caucasian alpine grassland (E4.44)
E4.5 Alpine and subalpine enriched grassland (E4.5)
E4.51 Subalpine [Trisetum flavescens] hay meadows (E4.51)
E4.52 [Leontodon hispidus] pastures (E4.52)
E5 Woodland fringes and clearings and tall forb stands (E5)
E5.1 Anthropogenic herb stands (E5.1)
E5.11 Lowland habitats colonised by tall nitrophilous herbs (E5.11)
E5.12 Weed communities of recently abandoned urban and suburban constructions (E5.12)
E5.13 Weed communities of recently abandoned rural constructions (E5.13)
E5.14 Weed communities of recently abandoned extractive industrial sites (E5.14)
E5.15 Land reclamation forb fields (E5.15)
E5.2 Thermophile woodland fringes (E5.2)
E5.21 Xero-thermophile fringes (E5.21)
E5.22 Mesophile fringes (E5.22)
E5.3 [Pteridium aquilinum] fields (E5.3)
E5.31 Sub-Atlantic [Pteridium aquilinum] fields (E5.31)
E5.32 Macaronesian [Pteridium aquilinum] fields (E5.32)
E5.33 Supra-Mediterranean [Pteridium aquilinum] fields (E5.33)
E5.4 Moist or wet tall-herb and fern fringes and meadows (E5.4)
E5.41 Screens or veils of perennial tall herbs lining watercourses (E5.41)
E5.42 Tall-herb communities of humid meadows (E5.42)
E5.43 Shady woodland edge fringes (E5.43)
E5.44 Mediterranean grasslands on alluvial river banks (E5.44)
E5.5 Subalpine moist or wet tall-herb and fern stands (E5.5)
E5.51 Alpic tall-herb communities (E5.51)
E5.52 Alpigene tall grass communities (E5.52)
E5.53 Pyreneo-Iberian tall-herb communities (E5.53)
E5.54 Ibero-Mauritanian tall-herb communities (E5.54)
E5.55 Corsican [Cymbalaria] tall-herb communities (E5.55)
E5.56 Corsican [Doronicum] tall-herb communities (E5.56)
E5.57 Eastern oro-Mediterranean and Balkan tall-herb communities (E5.57)
E5.58 Alpine [Rumex] communities (E5.58)
E5.59 Oro-boreal tall-herb communities (E5.59)
E5.5A Ponto-Caucasian tall-herb communities (E5.5A)
E5.5B Alpine and subalpine fern stands (E5.5B)
E6 Inland salt steppes (E6)
E6.1 Mediterranean inland salt steppes (E6.1)
E6.11 Mediterranean [Limonium] salt steppes (E6.11)
E6.12 Mediterranean [Lygeum spartum] salt steppes (E6.12)
E6.13 Mediterranean inland halo-nitrophilous pioneer communities (E6.13)
E6.2 Continental inland salt steppes (E6.2)
E6.21 Pannonic salt steppes and saltmarshes (E6.21)
E6.22 Ponto-Sarmatic salt steppes and saltmarshes (E6.22)
E6.23 Central Eurasian solonchak grassland dominated by [Crypsis] (E6.23)
E7 Sparsely wooded grasslands (E7)
E7.1 Atlantic parkland (E7.1)
E7.2 Sub-continental parkland (E7.2)
E7.3 Dehesa (E7.3)
F Heathland, scrub and tundra (F)
F1 Tundra (F1)
F1.1 Shrub tundra (F1.1)
F1.11 Western shrub tundra (F1.11)
F1.2 Moss and lichen tundra (F1.2)
F1.21 [Cladonia] - espalier willow tundra (F1.21)
F1.22 Moss tundra (F1.22)
F2 Arctic, alpine and subalpine scrub (F2)
F2.1 Subarctic and alpine dwarf willow scrub (F2.1)
F2.11 Boreo-alpine acidocline snow-patch [Salix herbacea] scrub (F2.11)
F2.12 Boreo-alpine calcicline snow-patch [Salix polaris] scrub (F2.12)
F2.13 Ponto-Caucasian snow-patch dwarf [Salix] scrub (F2.13)
F2.2 Evergreen alpine and subalpine heath and scrub (F2.2)
F2.21 Alpide dwarf ericoid wind heaths (F2.21)
F2.22 Alpide acidocline [Rhododendron] heaths (F2.22)
F2.23 Southern Palaearctic mountain dwarf [Juniperus] scrub (F2.23)
F2.24 Alpigenic high mountain [Empetrum - Vaccinium] heaths (F2.24)
F2.25 Boreo-alpine and arctic heaths (F2.25)
F2.26 [Bruckenthalia] heaths (F2.26)
F2.27 Alpide [Arctostaphylos uva-ursi] and [Arctostaphylos alpinus] heaths (F2.27)
F2.28 Alpide [Rhododendron hirsutum] - [Erica] heaths (F2.28)
F2.29 [Dryas octopetala] mats (F2.29)
F2.2A Alpide high mountain dwarf [Vaccinium] heaths (F2.2A)
F2.2B Alpide high mountain [Genista] and [Chamaecytisus] heaths (F2.2B)
F2.3 Subalpine deciduous scrub (F2.3)
F2.31 Mountain [Alnus] brush (F2.31)
F2.32 Subalpine and oroboreal [Salix] brush (F2.32)
F2.33 Subalpine mixed brushes (F2.33)
F2.34 Oroboreal [Betula] scrub (F2.34)
F2.4 Conifer scrub close to the tree limit (F2.4)
F2.41 Inner Alpine [Pinus mugo] scrub (F2.41)
F2.42 Outer Alpine [Pinus mugo] scrub (F2.42)
F2.43 Southwestern [Pinus mugo] scrub (F2.43)
F2.44 Apennine [Pinus mugo] scrub (F2.44)
F2.45 Hercynian [Pinus mugo] scrub (F2.45)
F2.46 Carpathian [Pinus mugo] scrub (F2.46)
F2.47 Pelago-Dinaride [Pinus mugo] scrub (F2.47)
F2.48 Balkano-Rhodopide [Pinus mugo] scrub (F2.48)
F3 Temperate and mediterranean-montane scrub (F3)
F3.1 Temperate thickets and scrub (F3.1)
F3.11 Medio-European rich-soil thickets (F3.11)
F3.12 [Buxus sempervirens] thickets (F3.12)
F3.13 Atlantic poor soil thickets (F3.13)
F3.14 Temperate [Cytisus scoparius] fields (F3.14)
F3.15 [Ulex europaeus] thickets (F3.15)
F3.16 [Juniperus communis] scrub (F3.16)
F3.17 [Corylus] thickets (F3.17)
F3.18 Inland dune thickets (F3.18)
F3.2 Submediterranean deciduous thickets and brushes (F3.2)
F3.21 Montane [Cytisus purgans] fields (F3.21)
F3.22 Southwestern sub-mediterranean deciduous thickets (F3.22)
F3.23 Tyrrhenian sub-mediterranean deciduous thickets (F3.23)
F3.24 Subcontinental and continental deciduous thickets (F3.24)
F3.25 Piornales (F3.25)
F3.26 Tyrrhenian broom fields (F3.26)
F3.27 [Genista aetnensis] stands (F3.27)
F3.28 Canary Island broom fields (F3.28)
F3.29 Moesian broom fields (F3.29)
F4 Temperate shrub heathland (F4)
F4.1 Wet heaths (F4.1)
F4.11 Northern wet heaths (F4.11)
F4.12 Southern wet heaths (F4.12)
F4.13 [Molinia caerulea] wet heaths (F4.13)
F4.2 Dry heaths (F4.2)
F4.21 Submontane [Vaccinium] - [Calluna] heaths (F4.21)
F4.22 Sub-Atlantic [Calluna] - [Genista] heaths (F4.22)
F4.23 Atlantic [Erica] - [Ulex] heaths (F4.23)
F4.24 Ibero-Atlantic [Erica - Ulex - Cistus] heaths (F4.24)
F4.25 Boreo-Atlantic [Erica cinerea] heaths (F4.25)
F4.26 Inland dune heaths (F4.26)
F4.3 Macaronesian heaths (F4.3)
F4.31 Canary Island heaths (F4.31)
F4.32 Madeiran cloud heaths (F4.32)
F4.33 Madeiran summital heaths (F4.33)
F4.34 Azorean lowland heaths (F4.34)
F4.35 Upland Azorean [Erica azorica] and [Juniperus brevifolia] heaths (F4.35)
F4.36 Azorean summital heaths (F4.36)
F5 Maquis, arborescent matorral and thermo-Mediterranean brushes (F5)
F5.1 Arborescent matorral (F5.1)
F5.11 Evergreen [Quercus] matorral (F5.11)
F5.12 [Olea europaea] and [Pistacia lentiscus] matorral (F5.12)
F5.13 [Juniper] matorral (F5.13)
F5.14 [Pinus] matorral (F5.14)
F5.15 [Tetraclinis articulata] matorral (F5.15)
F5.16 Deciduous [Quercus] matorral (F5.16)
F5.17 Arid zone matorral (F5.17)
F5.18 [Laurus nobilis] matorral (F5.18)
F5.19 [Cupressus] matorral (F5.19)
F5.1A [Zelkova] matorral (F5.1A)
F5.2 Maquis (F5.2)
F5.21 High maquis (F5.21)
F5.22 Low ericaceous maquis (F5.22)
F5.23 Tall [Cistus] maquis (F5.23)
F5.24 Low [Cistus] maquis (F5.24)
F5.25 Low [Cistus - Lavandula stoechas] maquis (F5.25)
F5.26 Low sparse maquis (F5.26)
F5.27 [Cytisus]-dominated maquis (F5.27)
F5.3 Pseudomaquis (F5.3)
F5.31 Helleno-Balkanic pseudomaquis (F5.31)
F5.32 Italo-French pseudomaquis (F5.32)
F5.33 Iberian pseudomaquis (F5.33)
F5.34 Western Asian pseudomaquis (F5.34)
F5.4 [Spartium junceum] fields (F5.4)
F5.5 Thermo-Mediterranean scrub (F5.5)
F5.51 Thermo-Mediterranean brushes, thickets and heath-garrigues (F5.51)
F5.52 [Euphorbia dendroides] formations (F5.52)
F5.53 [Ampelodesmos mauritanica] -dominated garrigues (F5.53)
F5.54 [Chamaerops humilis] brush (F5.54)
F5.55 Mediterranean pre-desert scrub (F5.55)
F5.56 Thermo-Mediterranean broom fields (retamares) (F5.56)
F5.57 Mediterranean gorse-heaths (F5.57)
F5.58 Iberian thermo-Mediterranean garrigues (F5.58)
F5.59 [Stauracanthus boivinii] gorse-heaths (F5.59)
F5.5A Western Tethyan xero-psammitic brushes (F5.5A)
F5.5B Cabo de Sao Vicente brushes (F5.5B)
F5.5C Thermo-Mediterranean heaths (F5.5C)
F6 Garrigue (F6)
F6.1 Western garrigues (F6.1)
F6.11 Western [Quercus coccifera] garrigues (F6.11)
F6.12 Western [Rosmarinus officinalis] garrigues (F6.12)
F6.13 Western [Cistus] garrigues (F6.13)
F6.14 Western [Euphorbia] garrigues (F6.14)
F6.15 Western [Juniperus oxycedrus] garrigues (F6.15)
F6.16 Western [Lavandula] garrigues (F6.16)
F6.17 Western [Teucrium] and other labiate garrigues (F6.17)
F6.18 Western [Genista] garrigues (F6.18)
F6.19 Western [Calicotome] garrigues (F6.19)
F6.1A Western composite garrigues (F6.1A)
F6.1B Western [Erica] garrigues (F6.1B)
F6.1C Western [Globularia] garrigues (F6.1C)
F6.1D Western [Helianthemum] and [Fumana] garrigues (F6.1D)
F6.1E [Lithodora fruticosa] garrigues (F6.1E)
F6.1F Western [Thymelaea] garrigues (F6.1F)
F6.1G Western [Bupleurum] garrigues (F6.1G)
F6.1H Western [Ulex] garrigues (F6.1H)
F6.1I Western [Ononis fruticosa] garrigues (F6.1I)
F6.1J Western [Anthyllis cytisoides] garrigues (F6.1J)
F6.1K Western [Dictamnus] garrigues (F6.1K)
F6.2 Eastern garrigues (F6.2)
F6.21 Eastern [Quercus coccifera] garrigues (F6.21)
F6.22 Eastern [Rosmarinus officinalis] garrigues (F6.22)
F6.23 Eastern [Cistus] garrigues (F6.23)
F6.24 Eastern [Euphorbia] garrigues (F6.24)
F6.25 Eastern [Juniperus oxycedrus] garrigues (F6.25)
F6.26 Eastern [Lavandula] garrigues (F6.26)
F6.27 Eastern [Teucrium] and other labiates garrigues (F6.27)
F6.28 Eastern [Paliurus spina-christi] garrigues (F6.28)
F6.29 Eastern broom garrigues (F6.29)
F6.2A [Ebenus cretica] brushes (F6.2A)
F6.2B Eastern [Helichrysum] and other composite garrigues (F6.2B)
F6.2C Eastern [Erica] garrigues (F6.2C)
F6.2D [Arbutus andrachne] garrigues (F6.2D)
F6.2E Eastern [Globularia] garrigues (F6.2E)
F6.2F Eastern [Helianthemum] and [Fumana] garrigues (F6.2F)
F6.2G Eastern [Thymelaea] garrigues (F6.2G)
F6.2H Eastern [Bupleurum] garrigues (F6.2H)
F6.2I East Mediterranean pre-desert scrub (F6.2I)
F6.3 Illyrian garrigues (F6.3)
F6.31 Illyrian [Quercus coccifera] garrigues (F6.31)
F6.32 Illyrian [Rosmarinus officinalis] garrigues (F6.32)
F6.33 Illyrian [Cistus] garrigues (F6.33)
F6.34 Illyrian [Euphorbia] garrigues (F6.34)
F6.35 Illyrian [Juniperus oxycedrus] garrigues (F6.35)
F6.36 Illyrian [Teucrium] and other labiates garrigues (F6.36)
F6.37 Illyrian [Paliurus spina-christi] garrigues (F6.37)
F6.38 Illyrian broom garrigues (F6.38)
F6.39 Illyrian [Helichrysum] and other composite garrigues (F6.39)
F6.3A Illyrian [Erica] garrigues (F6.3A)
F6.4 Black Sea garrigues (F6.4)
F6.41 Crimean garrigues (F6.41)
F6.42 South-Euxinian garrigues (F6.42)
F6.43 Thracian garrigues (F6.43)
F6.5 Macaronesian garrigues (F6.5)
F6.6 Supra-Mediterranean garrigues (F6.6)
F6.61 [Lavandula angustifolia] garrigues (F6.61)
F6.62 [Genista cinerea] garrigues (F6.62)
F6.63 Ibero-Gallic supra-Mediterranean dwarf-shrub garrigues (F6.63)
F6.64 Supra-Mediterranean [Buxus sempervirens] scrub (F6.64)
F6.65 Italian supra-Mediterranean garrigues (F6.65)
F6.66 Balkan peninsula supra-Mediterranean garrigues (F6.66)
F6.7 Mediterranean gypsum scrubs (F6.7)
F6.71 Central Iberian gypsum scrubs (F6.71)
F6.72 Ebro gypsum scrubs (F6.72)
F6.73 Southeastern Iberian gypsum scrubs (F6.73)
F6.8 Xero-halophile scrubs (F6.8)
F6.81 Canary Island xero-halophilous scrubs (F6.81)
F6.82 Mediterranean halo-nitrophilous scrubs (F6.82)
F6.83 Interior Iberian salt scrubs (F6.83)
F7 Spiny Mediterranean heaths (phrygana, hedgehog-heaths and related coastal cliff vegetation) (F7)
F7.1 West Mediterranean spiny heaths (F7.1)
F7.11 West Mediterranean mainland clifftop phrygana (F7.11)
F7.12 Balearic clifftop phrygana (F7.12)
F7.2 Central Mediterranean spiny heaths (F7.2)
F7.21 Sardinian [Centaurea horrida] phrygana (F7.21)
F7.22 Sardinian [Genista acanthoclada] phrygana (F7.22)
F7.23 Corsican and Sardinian [Genista] phrygana (F7.23)
F7.24 Pantelleria phrygana (F7.24)
F7.25 Central Mediterranean [Sarcopoterium] phrygana (F7.25)
F7.26 [Hypericum aegyptiacum] phrygana (F7.26)
F7.3 East Mediterranean phrygana (F7.3)
F7.31 Aegean phrygana (F7.31)
F7.32 Mid-elevation phrygana of Crete (F7.32)
F7.33 Thracian phrygana (F7.33)
F7.34 East Mediterranean bathas (F7.34)
F7.4 Hedgehog-heaths (F7.4)
F7.41 Pyrenean hedgehog-heaths (F7.41)
F7.42 Cordilleran hedgehog-heaths (F7.42)
F7.43 Nevadan hedgehog-heaths (F7.43)
F7.44 Franco-Iberian hedgehog-heaths (F7.44)
F7.45 Cyrno-Sardinian hedgehog-heaths (F7.45)
F7.46 Mount Etna hedgehog-heaths (F7.46)
F7.47 Madonie and Apennine hedgehog-heaths (F7.47)
F7.48 Helleno-Balkanic sylvatic [Astragalus] hedgehog-heaths (F7.48)
F7.49 Hellenic oro-Mediterranean hedgehog-heaths (F7.49)
F7.4A Hellenic alti-Mediterranean hedgehog-heaths (F7.4A)
F7.4B Cretan hedgehog-heaths (F7.4B)
F7.4C Aegean summital hedgehog-heaths (F7.4C)
F7.4D Southern Hellenic [Genista acanthoclada] hedgehog-heaths (F7.4D)
F7.4E [Astragalus sempervirens] hedgehog-heaths (F7.4E)
F7.4F Canary Island cushion-heaths (F7.4F)
F7.4G Cyprian hedgehog-heaths (F7.4G)
F7.4H Mediterraneo-Anatolian hedgehog-heaths (F7.4H)
F7.4I Western central Eurasian hedgehog-heaths (F7.4I)
F8 Thermo-Atlantic xerophytic scrub (F8)
F8.1 Canary Island xerophytic scrub (F8.1)
F8.11 Western Canary Island [Euphorbia] communities (F8.11)
F8.12 Western Canary Island saxicolous formations (F8.12)
F8.13 Eastern Canary Island xerophytic communities (F8.13)
F8.14 Canary Island [Launaea] scrub (F8.14)
F8.2 Madeiran xerophytic scrub (F8.2)
F8.21 Madeiran [Euphorbia] formations (F8.21)
F8.22 Madeiran saxicolous formations (F8.22)
F8.23 Desertas dry scrub (F8.23)
F9 Riverine and fen scrubs (F9)
F9.1 Riverine scrub (F9.1)
F9.11 Orogenous riverine brush (F9.11)
F9.12 Lowland and collinar riverine [Salix] scrub (F9.12)
F9.13 Montane river gravel low brush (F9.13)
F9.14 Gravel bank thickets and woods (F9.14)
F9.2 [Salix] carr and fen scrub (F9.2)
F9.21 Grey willow carrs (F9.21)
F9.22 Sphagnum willow carrs (F9.22)
F9.23 Bay willow carrs (F9.23)
F9.24 Dwarf willow mire scrubs (F9.24)
F9.25 Boreal sedge willow carrs (F9.25)
F9.26 Boreo-alpine willow fen scrubs (F9.26)
F9.3 Southern riparian galleries and thickets (F9.3)
F9.31 [Nerium oleander], [Vitex agnus-castus] and [Tamarix] galleries (F9.31)
F9.32 Southwestern Iberian tamujares, formed by [Securinega tinctoria] (F9.32)
F9.33 Lauriphyllous galleries of the Cordillera Oretana (F9.33)
F9.34 [Myrica gale] - [Salix] scrub of the Cordillera Oretana (F9.34)
FA Hedgerows (FA)
FA.1 Hedgerows of non-native species (FA.1)
FA.2 Highly-managed hedgerows of native species (FA.2)
FA.3 Species-rich hedgerows of native species (FA.3)
FA.4 Species-poor hedgerows of native species (FA.4)
FB Shrub plantations (FB)
FB.1 Shrub plantations for whole-plant harvesting (FB.1)
FB.2 Shrub plantations for leaf or branch harvest (FB.2)
FB.21 Tea plantations (FB.21)
FB.22 Osier beds (FB.22)
FB.3 Shrub plantations for ornamental purposes or for fruit, other than vineyards (FB.3)
FB.31 Shrub and low-stem tree orchards (FB.31)
FB.32 Ornamental shrub plantations (FB.32)
FB.4 Vineyards (FB.4)
FB.41 Traditional vineyards (FB.41)
FB.42 Intensive vineyards (FB.42)
G Woodland, forest and other wooded land (G)
G1 Broadleaved deciduous woodland (G1)
G1.1 Riparian and gallery woodland, with dominant [Alnus], [Betula], [Populus] or [Salix] (G1.1)
G1.11 Riverine [Salix] woodland (G1.11)
G1.12 Boreo-alpine riparian galleries (G1.12)
G1.13 Southern [Alnus] and [Betula] galleries (G1.13)
G1.2 Mixed riparian floodplain and gallery woodland (G1.2)
G1.21 Riverine [Fraxinus] - [Alnus] woodland, wet at high but not at low water (G1.21)
G1.22 Mixed [Quercus] - [Ulmus] - [Fraxinus] woodland of great rivers (G1.22)
G1.3 Mediterranean riparian woodland (G1.3)
G1.31 Mediterranean riparian [Populus] forests (G1.31)
G1.32 Mediterranean riparian [Ulmus] forests (G1.32)
G1.33 Mediterranean riparian [Fraxinus] woods (G1.33)
G1.34 Mediterranean riverine [Ostrya carpinifolia] galleries (G1.34)
G1.35 Mediterraneo-Pontic riverine [Fraxinus] forests (G1.35)
G1.36 Ponto-Sarmatic mixed [Populus] riverine forests (G1.36)
G1.37 Irano-Anatolian mixed riverine forests (G1.37)
G1.38 [Platanus orientalis] woods (G1.38)
G1.39 [Liquidambar orientalis] woods (G1.39)
G1.4 Broadleaved swamp woodland not on acid peat (G1.4)
G1.41 [Alnus] swamp woods not on acid peat (G1.41)
G1.42 [Quercus] swamp woods (G1.42)
G1.43 [Populus tremula] swamp woods (G1.43)
G1.44 Wet-ground woodland of the Black and Caspian Seas (G1.44)
G1.5 Broadleaved swamp woodland on acid peat (G1.5)
G1.51 Sphagnum [Betula] woods (G1.51)
G1.52 [Alnus] swamp woods on acid peat (G1.52)
G1.6 [Fagus] woodland (G1.6)
G1.61 Medio-European acidophilous [Fagus] forests (G1.61)
G1.62 Atlantic acidophilous [Fagus] forests (G1.62)
G1.63 Medio-European neutrophile [Fagus] forests (G1.63)
G1.64 Pyreneo-Cantabrian neutrophile [Fagus] forests (G1.64)
G1.65 Medio-European subalpine [Fagus] woods (G1.65)
G1.66 Medio-European limestone [Fagus] forests (G1.66)
G1.67 Southern medio-European [Fagus] forests (G1.67)
G1.68 Southern Italian [Fagus] forests (G1.68)
G1.69 Moesian [Fagus] forests (G1.69)
G1.6A Hellenic [Fagus] forests (G1.6A)
G1.6B Mediterraneo-Moesian [Fagus] forests (G1.6B)
G1.6C Illyrian [Fagus] forests (G1.6C)
G1.6D Dacian [Fagus] forests (G1.6D)
G1.6E Pontic [Fagus] forests (G1.6E)
G1.6F Dobrogea [Fagus] forest (G1.6F)
G1.6G Crimean [Fagus] forests (G1.6G)
G1.6H Caucasian [Fagus] forests (G1.6H)
G1.6I Caspian [Fagus] forests (G1.6I)
G1.6J Eastern oro-Mediterranean [Fagus] forests (G1.6J)
G1.7 Thermophilous deciduous woodland (G1.7)
G1.71 Western [Quercus pubescens] woods and related communities (G1.71)
G1.72 Cyrno-Sardinian [Quercus pubescens] woods (G1.72)
G1.73 Eastern [Quercus pubescens] woods (G1.73)
G1.74 Italo-Illyrian [Ostrya carpinifolia] sub-thermophilous [Quercus] woods (G1.74)
G1.75 Southeastern sub-thermophilous [Quercus] woods (G1.75)
G1.76 Balkano-Anatolian thermophilous [Quercus] forests (G1.76)
G1.77 Afro-Iberian thermophilous [Quercus] forests (G1.77)
G1.78 [Quercus trojana] woodland (G1.78)
G1.79 Mediterranean [Quercus macrolepis] woodland (G1.79)
G1.7A Steppe [Quercus] woods (G1.7A)
G1.7B [Quercus pyrenaica] woodland (G1.7B)
G1.7C Mixed thermophilous woodland (G1.7C)
G1.7D [Castanea sativa] woodland (G1.7D)
G1.8 Acidophilous [Quercus]-dominated woodland (G1.8)
G1.81 Atlantic [Quercus robur] - [Betula] woods (G1.81)
G1.82 Atlantic acidophilous [Fagus] - [Quercus] forests (G1.82)
G1.83 Atlantic [Quercus petraea] woods (G1.83)
G1.84 Aquitano-Ligerian [Quercus] forests on podsols (G1.84)
G1.85 Aquitano-Ligerian [Quercus] forests on leached or acid soils (G1.85)
G1.86 Ibero-Atlantic acidophilous [Quercus] forests (G1.86)
G1.87 Medio-European acidophilous [Quercus] forests (G1.87)
G1.88 Insubrian acidophilous [Quercus] forests (G1.88)
G1.89 Portuguese [Quercus robur] forests (G1.89)
G1.8A Continental [Quercus petraea] forests (G1.8A)
G1.9 Non-riverine woodland with [Betula], [Populus tremula] or [Sorbus aucuparia] (G1.9)
G1.91 [Betula] woodland not on marshy terrain (G1.91)
G1.92 [Populus tremula] woodland (G1.92)
G1.93 [Sorbus aucuparia] woodland (G1.93)
G1.94 Inland dune [Quercus] - [Betula] woods (G1.94)
G1.95 [Populus tremula] and [Betula] woods with [Sambucus] (G1.95)
G1.A Meso- and eutrophic [Quercus], [Carpinus], [Fraxinus], [Acer], [Tilia], [Ulmus] and related woodland (G1.A)
G1.A1 [Quercus] - [Fraxinus] - [Carpinus betulus] woodland on eutrophic and mesotrophic soils (G1.A1)
G1.A2 Non-riverine [Fraxinus] woodland (G1.A2)
G1.A3 [Carpinus betulus] woodland (G1.A3)
G1.A4 Ravine and slope woodland (G1.A4)
G1.A5 [Tilia] woodland (G1.A5)
G1.A6 Non-riverine [Ulmus] woodland (G1.A6)
G1.A7 Mixed deciduous woodland of the Black and Caspian Seas (G1.A7)
G1.A8 Eurosiberian maple woods (G1.A8)
G1.B Non-riverine [Alnus] woodland (G1.B)
G1.B1 [Alnus cordata] woods (G1.B1)
G1.B2 Nemoral [Alnus] woods (G1.B2)
G1.B3 Boreal and boreonemoral [Alnus] woods (G1.B3)
G1.C Highly artificial broadleaved deciduous forestry plantations (G1.C)
G1.C1 [Populus] plantations (G1.C1)
G1.C2 Deciduous exotic [Quercus] plantations (G1.C2)
G1.C3 [Robinia] plantations (G1.C3)
G1.C4 Other broadleaved deciduous plantations (G1.C4)
G1.D Fruit and nut tree orchards (G1.D)
G1.D1 [Castanea sativa] plantations (G1.D1)
G1.D2 [Juglans] groves (G1.D2)
G1.D3 [Prunus amygdalus] groves (G1.D3)
G1.D4 Fruit orchards (G1.D4)
G1.D5 Other high-stem orchards (G1.D5)
G2 Broadleaved evergreen woodland (G2)
G2.1 Mediterranean evergreen [Quercus] woodland (G2.1)
G2.11 [Quercus suber] woodland (G2.11)
G2.12 [Quercus ilex] woodland (G2.12)
G2.13 [Quercus coccifera] and [Quercus alnifolia] woodland (G2.13)
G2.2 Eurasian continental sclerophyllous woodland (G2.2)
G2.21 Mediterraneo-Atlantic [Laurus] - [Quercus] woodland (G2.21)
G2.22 Ponto-Hyrcanian sclerophyllous forests (G2.22)
G2.3 Macaronesian [Laurus] woodland (G2.3)
G2.31 Azorean laurisilvas (G2.31)
G2.32 Madeiran laurisilvas (G2.32)
G2.33 Canary Island laurisilvas (G2.33)
G2.4 [Olea europaea] - [Ceratonia siliqua] woodland (G2.4)
G2.41 Wild [Olea europaea] woodland (G2.41)
G2.42 [Ceratonia siliqua] woodland (G2.42)
G2.43 Canary Island [Olea europaea] woodland (G2.43)
G2.5 [Phoenix] groves (G2.5)
G2.51 Cretan [Phoenix theophrasti] groves (G2.51)
G2.52 Canary Island [Phoenix canariensis] groves (G2.52)
G2.53 Anatolian [Phoenix theophrasti] groves (G2.53)
G2.6 [Ilex aquifolium] woods (G2.6)
G2.7 Canary Island heath woodland (G2.7)
G2.71 Canary Island fayal-brezal (G2.71)
G2.72 [Visnea] - [Arbutus] forests (G2.72)
G2.73 Hierran fayal (G2.73)
G2.8 Highly artificial broadleaved evergreen forestry plantations (G2.8)
G2.81 [Eucalyptus] plantations (G2.81)
G2.82 Evergreen exotic [Quercus] plantations (G2.82)
G2.83 Other evergreen broadleaved tree plantations (G2.83)
G2.9 Evergreen orchards and groves (G2.9)
G2.91 [Olea europaea] groves (G2.91)
G2.92 Citrus orchards (G2.92)
G2.93 [Phoenix] plantations (G2.93)
G2.94 Other evergreen orchards (G2.94)
G3 Coniferous woodland (G3)
G3.1 [Abies] and [Picea] woodland (G3.1)
G3.11 Neutrophile medio-European [Abies] forests (G3.11)
G3.12 Calciphilous [Abies alba] forests (G3.12)
G3.13 Acidophilous [Abies alba] forests (G3.13)
G3.14 Corsican [Abies alba] forests (G3.14)
G3.15 Southern Apennine [Abies alba] forests (G3.15)
G3.16 Moesian [Abies alba] forests (G3.16)
G3.17 Balkano-Pontic [Abies] forests (G3.17)
G3.18 Aegean [Abies] forests (G3.18)
G3.19 [Abies pinsapo] forests (G3.19)
G3.1A Relict [Abies nebrodensis] stands (G3.1A)
G3.1B Alpine and Carpathian subalpine [Picea] forests (G3.1B)
G3.1C Inner range montane [Picea] forests (G3.1C)
G3.1D Hercynian subalpine [Picea] forests (G3.1D)
G3.1E Southern European [Picea abies] forests (G3.1E)
G3.1F Enclave [Picea abies] forests (G3.1F)
G3.1G [Picea omorika] forests (G3.1G)
G3.1H [Picea orientalis] forests (G3.1H)
G3.1I [Abies] reforestation (G3.1I)
G3.1J [Picea abies] reforestation (G3.1J)
G3.2 Alpine [Larix] - [Pinus cembra] woodland (G3.2)
G3.21 Eastern Alpine siliceous [Larix] and [Pinus cembra] forests (G3.21)
G3.22 Eastern Alpine calcicolous [Larix] and [Pinus cembra] forests (G3.22)
G3.23 Western [Larix], mountain pine and [Pinus cembra] forests (G3.23)
G3.24 Alpine secondary [Larix] formations (G3.24)
G3.25 Carpathian [Larix] and [Pinus cembra] forests (G3.25)
G3.26 [Larix polonica] forests (G3.26)
G3.3 [Pinus uncinata] woodland (G3.3)
G3.31 [Pinus uncinata] forests with [Rhododendron ferrugineum] (G3.31)
G3.32 Xerocline [Pinus uncinata] forests (G3.32)
G3.33 [Pinus uncinata] reforestation (G3.33)
G3.4 [Pinus sylvestris] woodland south of the taiga (G3.4)
G3.41 Caledonian forest (G3.41)
G3.42 Middle European [Pinus sylvestris] forests (G3.42)
G3.43 Inner-Alpine [Ononis] steppe forests (G3.43)
G3.44 Spring heath [Pinus sylvestris] forests (G3.44)
G3.45 Inner Alpine [Minuartia laricifolia] steppe forests (G3.45)
G3.46 Pyrenean mesophile [Pinus sylvestris] forests (G3.46)
G3.47 Central Massif [Pinus sylvestris] forests (G3.47)
G3.48 Southwestern Alpine mesophile [Pinus sylvestris] forests (G3.48)
G3.49 Supra-Mediterranean [Pinus sylvestris] forests (G3.49)
G3.4A Iberian calcareous [Pinus sylvestris] woods (G3.4A)
G3.4B Iberian silicicolous [Pinus sylvestris] forests (G3.4B)
G3.4C Southeastern European [Pinus sylvestris] forests (G3.4C)
G3.4D Po terrace [Pinus sylvestris] forests (G3.4D)
G3.4E Ponto-Caucasian [Pinus sylvestris] forests (G3.4E)
G3.4F European [Pinus sylvestris] reforestation (G3.4F)
G3.5 [Pinus nigra] woodland (G3.5)
G3.51 Alpino-Apennine [Pinus nigra] forests (G3.51)
G3.52 Western Balkanic [Pinus nigra] forests (G3.52)
G3.53 [Pinus salzmannii] forests (G3.53)
G3.54 Corsican [Pinus laricio] forests (G3.54)
G3.55 Calabrian [Pinus laricio] forests (G3.55)
G3.56 [Pinus pallasiana] and [Pinus banatica] forests (G3.56)
G3.57 [Pinus nigra] reforestation (G3.57)
G3.6 Subalpine mediterranean [Pinus] woodland (G3.6)
G3.61 [Pinus leucodermis] forests (G3.61)
G3.62 [Pinus peuce] woods (G3.62)
G3.7 Lowland to montane mediterranean [Pinus] woodland (excluding [Pinus nigra]) (G3.7)
G3.71 Maritime [Pinus pinaster ssp. atlantica] forests (G3.71)
G3.72 [Pinus pinaster ssp. pinaster] ([Pinus mesogeensis]) forests (G3.72)
G3.73 [Pinus pinea] forests (G3.73)
G3.74 [Pinus halepensis] forests (G3.74)
G3.75 [Pinus brutia] forests (G3.75)
G3.8 Canary Island [Pinus canariensis] woodland (G3.8)
G3.81 [Pinus canariensis] - [Cistus symphytifolius] forests (G3.81)
G3.82 [Pinus canariensis] - dry scrub forests (G3.82)
G3.83 [Pinus canariensis] - heath forests (G3.83)
G3.84 [Pinus canariensis] - [Adenocarpus viscosus] woods (G3.84)
G3.85 [Pinus canariensis] - [Juniperus cedrus] woods (G3.85)
G3.9 Coniferous woodland dominated by [Cupressaceae] or [Taxaceae] (G3.9)
G3.91 Western Palaearctic [Cupressus] forests (G3.91)
G3.92 Spanish [Juniperus thurifera] woods (G3.92)
G3.93 Greek [Juniperus excelsa] woods (G3.93)
G3.94 [Juniperus foetidissima] woods (G3.94)
G3.95 [Juniperus drupacea] woods (G3.95)
G3.96 [Tetraclinis articulata] forests (G3.96)
G3.97 Western Palaearctic [Taxus baccata] woods (G3.97)
G3.98 Macaronesian [Juniperus] woods (G3.98)
G3.99 [Juniperus oxycedrus] woods (G3.99)
G3.9A [Juniperus phoenicea] woods (G3.9A)
G3.9B Hyrcanian [Platycladus orientalis] ([Thuja orientalis]) forests (G3.9B)
G3.9C [Cedrus] woodland (G3.9C)
G3.A [Picea] taiga woodland (G3.A)
G3.A1 [Vaccinium myrtillus] western [Picea] taiga (G3.A1)
G3.A2 Fern western [Picea] taiga (G3.A2)
G3.A3 Small-herb western [Picea] taiga (G3.A3)
G3.A4 Tall-herb western [Picea] taiga (G3.A4)
G3.A5 Pretundra [Picea obovata] taiga (G3.A5)
G3.B [Pinus] taiga woodland (G3.B)
G3.B1 [Calluna vulgaris] - [Empetrum] western taiga (G3.B1)
G3.B2 [Vaccinium vitis-idaea] [Pinus] and [Picea] - [Pinus] taiga (G3.B2)
G3.B3 Herb-rich and grassy pine taiga (G3.B3)
G3.B4 Lichen [Pinus] taiga (G3.B4)
G3.C [Larix] taiga woodland (G3.C)
G3.C1 [Larix russica] taiga (G3.C1)
G3.D Boreal bog conifer woodland (G3.D)
G3.D1 Boreal [Pinus sylvestris] bog woods (G3.D1)
G3.D2 Boreal sphagnum [Pinus sylvestris] fen woods (G3.D2)
G3.D3 Boreal brown moss [Pinus sylvestris] fen woods (G3.D3)
G3.D4 Boreal [Picea] and [Picea] - [Betula] fen and bog woods (G3.D4)
G3.D5 Boreal [Picea] swamp woods (G3.D5)
G3.E Nemoral bog conifer woodland (G3.E)
G3.E1 [Pinus mugo] bog woods (G3.E1)
G3.E2 Nemoral [Pinus sylvestris] mire woods (G3.E2)
G3.E3 Balkan [Pinus sylvestris] mire woods (G3.E3)
G3.E4 Steppe [Pinus sylvestris] mire woods (G3.E4)
G3.E5 Nemoral peatmoss [Picea] woods (G3.E5)
G3.E6 Nemoral bog [Picea] woods (G3.E6)
G3.F Highly artificial coniferous plantations (G3.F)
G3.F1 Native conifer plantations (G3.F1)
G3.F2 Exotic conifer plantations (G3.F2)
G4 Mixed deciduous and coniferous woodland (G4)
G4.1 Mixed swamp woodland (G4.1)
G4.2 Mixed taiga woodland with [Betula] (G4.2)
G4.3 Mixed sub-taiga woodland with acidophilous [Quercus] (G4.3)
G4.31 Boreonemoral lichen-dwarf shrub mixed forests (G4.31)
G4.32 Boreonemoral heath-grass mixed forests (G4.32)
G4.33 Boreonemoral herb-rich mixed forests (G4.33)
G4.4 Mixed [Pinus sylvestris] - [Betula] woodland (G4.4)
G4.5 Mixed [Pinus sylvestris] - [Fagus] woodland (G4.5)
G4.6 Mixed [Abies] - [Picea] - [Fagus] woodland (G4.6)
G4.7 Mixed [Pinus sylvestris] - acidophilous [Quercus] woodland (G4.7)
G4.71 Subcontinental nemoral [Pinus] - [Quercus] forests (G4.71)
G4.72 Continental nemoral [Pinus] - [Quercus] forests (G4.72)
G4.8 Mixed non-riverine deciduous and coniferous woodland (G4.8)
G4.9 Mixed deciduous woodland with [Cupressaceae] or [Taxaceae] (G4.9)
G4.A Mixed woodland with [Cupressaceae], [Taxaceae] and evergreen oak (G4.A)
G4.B Mixed mediterranean [Pinus] - thermophilous [Quercus] woodland (G4.B)
G4.C Mixed [Pinus sylvestris] - thermophilous [Quercus] woodland (G4.C)
G4.D Mixed [Pinus nigra] - evergreen [Quercus] woodland (G4.D)
G4.E Mixed mediterranean pine - evergreen oak woodland (G4.E)
G4.F Mixed forestry plantations (G4.F)
G5 Lines of trees, small anthropogenic woodlands, recently felled woodland, early-stage woodland and coppice (G5)
G5.1 Lines of trees (G5.1)
G5.2 Small broadleaved deciduous anthropogenic woodlands (G5.2)
G5.3 Small broadleaved evergreen anthropogenic woodlands (G5.3)
G5.4 Small coniferous anthropogenic woodlands (G5.4)
G5.5 Small mixed broadleaved and coniferous anthropogenic woodlands (G5.5)
G5.6 Early-stage natural and semi-natural woodlands and regrowth (G5.6)
G5.61 Deciduous scrub woodland (G5.61)
G5.62 Mixed scrub woodland (G5.62)
G5.63 Coniferous scrub woodland (G5.63)
G5.64 Raised bog pre-woods (G5.64)
G5.7 Coppice and early-stage plantations (G5.7)
G5.71 Coppice (G5.71)
G5.72 Early-stage broadleaved deciduous plantations (G5.72)
G5.73 Early-stage broadleaved evergreen plantations (G5.73)
G5.74 Early-stage coniferous plantations (G5.74)
G5.75 Early-stage mixed broadleaved and coniferous plantations (G5.75)
G5.76 Trees planted for early whole-tree harvesting (G5.76)
G5.8 Recently felled areas (G5.8)
G5.81 Recently felled areas, formerly broadleaved trees (G5.81)
G5.82 Recently felled areas, formerly coniferous trees (G5.82)
G5.83 Recently felled areas, formerly mixed broadleaved and coniferous trees (G5.83)
G5.84 Herbaceous clearings (G5.84)
G5.85 Shrubby clearings (G5.85)
H Inland unvegetated or sparsely vegetated habitats (H)
H1 Terrestrial underground caves, cave systems, passages and waterbodies (H1)
H1.1 Cave entrances (H1.1)
H1.2 Cave interiors (H1.2)
H1.21 Troglobiont vertebrate caves (H1.21)
H1.22 Subtroglophile vertebrate caves (H1.22)
H1.23 Troglobiont invertebrate caves (H1.23)
H1.24 Troglophile invertebrate caves (H1.24)
H1.25 Subtroglophile invertebrate caves (H1.25)
H1.26 Caves without vertebrates or invertebrates (H1.26)
H1.3 Dark underground passages (H1.3)
H1.4 Lava tubes (H1.4)
H1.41 Icelandic lava tubes (H1.41)
H1.42 Macaronesian lava tubes (H1.42)
H1.43 Tethyan lava tubes (H1.43)
H1.5 Underground standing waterbodies (H1.5)
H1.51 Permanent underground standing waterbodies (H1.51)
H1.52 Temporary underground standing waterbodies (H1.52)
H1.6 Underground running waterbodies (H1.6)
H1.61 Permanent underground running waterbodies (H1.61)
H1.62 Temporary underground running waterbodies (H1.62)
H1.7 Disused underground mines and tunnels (H1.7)
H2 Screes (H2)
H2.1 Cold siliceous screes (H2.1)
H2.2 Cold limestone screes (H2.2)
H2.3 Temperate-montane acid siliceous screes (H2.3)
H2.31 Alpine siliceous screes (H2.31)
H2.32 Medio-European upland siliceous screes (H2.32)
H2.4 Temperate-montane calcareous and ultra-basic screes (H2.4)
H2.41 Alpine calcschist screes (H2.41)
H2.42 [Thlaspi rotundifolium] screes (H2.42)
H2.43 Fine calcareous screes (H2.43)
H2.44 Carpathian calcareous screes (H2.44)
H2.45 Rhodopide calcareous screes (H2.45)
H2.5 Acid siliceous screes of warm exposures (H2.5)
H2.51 Pyreneo-Alpine thermo-siliceous screes (H2.51)
H2.52 Oro-Cantabrian siliceous screes (H2.52)
H2.53 Ibero-Pyrenean acidophile fern screes (H2.53)
H2.54 Carpetano-Iberian siliceous screes (H2.54)
H2.55 Nevadan siliceous screes (H2.55)
H2.56 Central Mediterranean siliceous screes (H2.56)
H2.57 Anatolian siliceous screes (H2.57)
H2.6 Calcareous and ultra-basic screes of warm exposures (H2.6)
H2.61 Peri-Alpine thermophilous screes (H2.61)
H2.62 Cevenno-Provençal screes (H2.62)
H2.63 Pyrenean calcareous screes (H2.63)
H2.64 Oro-Cantabrian calcareous screes (H2.64)
H2.65 Iberian calciphile fern screes (H2.65)
H2.66 Southern Iberian calcareous screes (H2.66)
H2.67 Central Mediterranean calcareous screes (H2.67)
H2.68 Eastern Mediterranean limestone screes (H2.68)
H2.69 Eastern Mediterranean serpentine screes (H2.69)
H2.6A Cyprian screes (H2.6A)
H2.6B Illyrian montane calcareous screes (H2.6B)
H2.6C Illyrian sub-Mediterranean screes (H2.6C)
H2.6D Illyrian montane serpentine screes (H2.6D)
H2.6E Illyrian [Achnatherum calamagrostis] screes (H2.6E)
H2.6F Anatolian calcareous screes (H2.6F)
H3 Inland cliffs, rock pavements and outcrops (H3)
H3.1 Acid siliceous inland cliffs (H3.1)
H3.11 Middle European montane siliceous cliffs (H3.11)
H3.12 Oro-Iberian siliceous cliffs (H3.12)
H3.13 Southwestern Alpine siliceous cliffs (H3.13)
H3.14 Cyrno-Sardinian montane and alpine cliffs (H3.14)
H3.15 Helleno-Carpatho-Balkanic [Silene] siliceous cliffs (H3.15)
H3.16 Peri-Pyrenean montane siliceous cliffs (H3.16)
H3.17 Western Iberian siliceous cliffs (H3.17)
H3.18 West Mediterranean thermophile siliceous cliffs (H3.18)
H3.19 Lowland northern and middle siliceous cliffs (H3.19)
H3.1A Boreal siliceous cliffs (H3.1A)
H3.1B Bare siliceous inland cliffs (H3.1B)
H3.1C Disused siliceous quarries (H3.1C)
H3.2 Basic and ultra-basic inland cliffs (H3.2)
H3.21 Tyrrheno-Adriatic eumediterranean calcicolous chasmophyte communities (H3.21)
H3.22 Central Pyrenean calcicolous chasmophyte communities (H3.22)
H3.23 Liguro-Apennine calcicolous chasmophyte communities (H3.23)
H3.24 Western mediterraneo-montane chasmophyte communities (H3.24)
H3.25 Alpine and sub-mediterranean chasmophyte communities (H3.25)
H3.26 Hellenic eumediterranean calcicolous chasmophyte communities (H3.26)
H3.27 Aegeo-east-Mediterranean basiphile chasmophyte communities (H3.27)
H3.28 Southern Hellenic [Potentilla] cliffs (H3.28)
H3.29 Central Hellenic [Potentilla] cliffs (H3.29)
H3.2A Illyrio-Helleno-Balkanic [Potentilla] cliffs (H3.2A)
H3.2B Lowland middle European calcareous cliff communities (H3.2B)
H3.2C Boreal calcareous cliff communities (H3.2C)
H3.2D Mediterraneo-Anatolian calcicolous chasmophyte communities (H3.2D)
H3.2E Bare limestone inland cliffs (H3.2E)
H3.2F Disused chalk and limestone quarries (H3.2F)
H3.2G Boreal and arctic serpentine and basaltic cliff communities (H3.2G)
H3.2H Bare inland basaltic and ultra-basic cliffs (H3.2H)
H3.2I Temperate serpentine and basaltic cliff communities (H3.2I)
H3.2J Mediterranean serpentine and basaltic cliff communities (H3.2J)
H3.3 Macaronesian inland cliffs (H3.3)
H3.4 Wet inland cliffs (H3.4)
H3.41 Mediterranean wet inland cliffs (H3.41)
H3.42 Northern wet inland cliffs (H3.42)
H3.5 Almost bare rock pavements, including limestone pavements (H3.5)
H3.51 Pavements, rock slabs, rock domes (H3.51)
H3.6 Weathered rock and outcrop habitats (H3.6)
H3.61 Bare weathered rock and outcrop habitats (H3.61)
H3.62 Sparsely vegetated weathered rock and outcrop habitats (H3.62)
H4 Snow or ice-dominated habitats (H4)
H4.1 Snow packs (H4.1)
H4.2 Ice caps and true glaciers (H4.2)
H4.21 Ice sheets and ice caps (H4.21)
H4.22 Cirque and valley glaciers (H4.22)
H4.23 Glacierets (H4.23)
H4.3 Rock glaciers and unvegetated ice-dominated moraines (H4.3)
H4.31 Rock glaciers (H4.31)
H4.32 Ice-core moraines (H4.32)
H4.33 Unvegetated glacial moraines in the process of formation (H4.33)
H5 Miscellaneous inland habitats with very sparse or no vegetation (H5)
H5.1 Fjell fields and other freeze-thaw features with very sparse or no vegetation (H5.1)
H5.11 Fjell fields with very sparse or no vegetation (H5.11)
H5.2 Glacial moraines with very sparse or no vegetation (H5.2)
H5.21 Unvegetated young glacial moraines (H5.21)
H5.22 Sparsely vegetated glacial moraines (H5.22)
H5.3 Sparsely- or un-vegetated habitats on mineral substrates not resulting from recent ice activity (H5.3)
H5.31 Clay and silt with very sparse or no vegetation (H5.31)
H5.32 Stable sand with very sparse or no vegetation (H5.32)
H5.33 Lacustrine dunes (H5.33)
H5.34 Inland non-lacustrine dunes (H5.34)
H5.35 Gravel with very sparse or no vegetation (H5.35)
H5.36 Shallow rocky soils with very sparse or no vegetation (H5.36)
H5.37 Boulder fields (H5.37)
H5.4 Dry organic substrates with very sparse or no vegetation (H5.4)
H5.5 Burnt areas with very sparse or no vegetation (H5.5)
H5.51 Unvegetated recently burnt ground (H5.51)
H5.52 Sparsely vegetated burnt areas (H5.52)
H5.6 Trampled areas (H5.6)
H5.61 Unsurfaced pathways (H5.61)
H6 Recent volcanic features (H6)
H6.1 Active volcanic features (H6.1)
H6.11 Italian fumaroles (H6.11)
H6.12 Sicilian fumaroles (H6.12)
H6.13 Pantelleria fumaroles (H6.13)
H6.14 Macaronesian fumaroles (H6.14)
H6.15 Icelandic solfataras (H6.15)
H6.16 East Mediterranean fumaroles and solfataras (H6.16)
H6.17 Peri-Alpine fumaroles, solfataras and mofettes (H6.17)
H6.18 Western Asian fumaroles and solfataras (H6.18)
H6.2 Inactive recent volcanic features (H6.2)
H6.21 Teide violet community (H6.21)
H6.22 Etna summital communities (H6.22)
H6.23 Western Asian orovolcanic communities (H6.23)
H6.24 Barren lava fields and flows (H6.24)
H6.25 Volcanic ash and lapilli fields (H6.25)
I Regularly or recently cultivated agricultural, horticultural and domestic habitats (I)
I1 Arable land and market gardens (I1)
I1.1 Intensive unmixed crops (I1.1)
I1.11 Large-scale intensive unmixed crops (>25ha) (I1.11)
I1.12 Medium-scale intensive unmixed crops (1-25ha) (I1.12)
I1.13 Small-scale intensive unmixed crops (<1ha) (I1.13)
I1.2 Mixed crops of market gardens and horticulture (I1.2)
I1.21 Large-scale market gardens and horticulture (I1.21)
I1.22 Small-scale market gardens and horticulture, including allotments (I1.22)
I1.3 Arable land with unmixed crops grown by low-intensity agricultural methods (I1.3)
I1.4 Inundated or inundatable croplands, including rice fields (I1.4)
I1.5 Bare tilled, fallow or recently abandoned arable land (I1.5)
I1.51 Bare tilled land (I1.51)
I1.52 Fallow un-inundated fields with annual weed communities (I1.52)
I1.53 Fallow un-inundated fields with annual and perennial weed communities (I1.53)
I1.54 Fallow inundated fields with annual weed communities (I1.54)
I1.55 Fallow inundated fields with annual and perennial weed communities (I1.55)
I2 Cultivated areas of gardens and parks (I2)
I2.1 Large-scale ornamental garden areas (I2.1)
I2.11 Park flower beds, arbours and shrubbery (I2.11)
I2.12 Botanical gardens (I2.12)
I2.2 Small-scale ornamental and domestic garden areas (I2.2)
I2.21 Ornamental garden areas (I2.21)
I2.22 Subsistence garden areas (I2.22)
I2.23 Small parks and city squares (I2.23)
I2.3 Recently abandoned garden areas (I2.3)
J Constructed, industrial and other artificial habitats (J)
J1 Buildings of cities, towns and villages (J1)
J1.1 Residential buildings of city and town centres (J1.1)
J1.2 Residential buildings of villages and urban peripheries (J1.2)
J1.3 Urban and suburban public buildings (J1.3)
J1.4 Urban and suburban industrial and commercial sites still in active use (J1.4)
J1.41 Urban and suburban commercial units (J1.41)
J1.42 Urban and suburban factories (J1.42)
J1.5 Disused constructions of cities, towns and villages (J1.5)
J1.51 Urban and suburban derelict spaces (J1.51)
J1.6 Urban and suburban construction and demolition sites (J1.6)
J1.7 High density temporary residential units (J1.7)
J2 Low density buildings (J2)
J2.1 Scattered residential buildings (J2.1)
J2.2 Rural public buildings (J2.2)
J2.3 Rural industrial and commercial sites still in active use (J2.3)
J2.31 Rural commercial units (J2.31)
J2.32 Rural industrial sites (J2.32)
J2.4 Agricultural constructions (J2.4)
J2.41 Agricultural buildings (not isolated) (J2.41)
J2.42 Isolated agricultural buildings (J2.42)
J2.43 Greenhouses (J2.43)
J2.5 Constructed boundaries (J2.5)
J2.51 Fences (J2.51)
J2.52 Field walls (J2.52)
J2.53 Sea walls (J2.53)
J2.6 Disused rural constructions (J2.6)
J2.61 Derelict spaces of disused rural constructions (J2.61)
J2.7 Rural construction and demolition sites (J2.7)
J3 Extractive industrial sites (J3)
J3.1 Active underground mines (J3.1)
J3.2 Active opencast mineral extraction sites, including quarries (J3.2)
J3.3 Recently abandoned above-ground spaces of extractive industrial sites (J3.3)
J4 Transport networks and other constructed hard-surfaced areas (J4)
J4.1 Disused road, rail and other constructed hard-surfaced areas (J4.1)
J4.2 Road networks (J4.2)
J4.3 Rail networks (J4.3)
J4.4 Airport runways and aprons (J4.4)
J4.5 Hard-surfaced areas of ports (J4.5)
J4.6 Pavements and recreation areas (J4.6)
J4.7 Constructed parts of cemeteries (J4.7)
J5 Highly artificial man-made waters and associated structures (J5)
J5.1 Highly artificial saline and brackish standing waters (J5.1)
J5.11 Saline and brackish industrial lagoons and canals (J5.11)
J5.12 Saltworks (J5.12)
J5.2 Highly artificial saline and brackish running waters (J5.2)
J5.3 Highly artificial non-saline standing waters (J5.3)
J5.31 Ponds and lakes with completely man-made substrate (J5.31)
J5.32 Intensively managed fish ponds (J5.32)
J5.33 Water storage tanks (J5.33)
J5.34 Standing waterbodies of extractive industrial sites with extreme chemistry (J5.34)
J5.4 Highly artificial non-saline running waters (J5.4)
J5.41 Non-saline water channels with completely man-made substrate (J5.41)
J5.42 Running discharges from extractive industrial sites with extreme chemistry (J5.42)
J5.43 Subterranean artificial watercourses (J5.43)
J5.5 Highly artificial non-saline fountains and cascades (J5.5)
J6 Waste deposits (J6)
J6.1 Waste resulting from building construction or demolition (J6.1)
J6.2 Household waste and landfill sites (J6.2)
J6.3 Non-agricultural organic waste (J6.3)
J6.31 Sewage works and sludge beds (J6.31)
J6.4 Agricultural and horticultural waste (J6.4)
J6.41 Solid agricultural and horticultural waste (J6.41)
J6.42 Liquid agricultural wastes (manure) (J6.42)
J6.5 Industrial waste (J6.5)
J6.51 Mining slag heaps (J6.51)
J6.52 Industrial scrap and detritus heaps (J6.52)
X Habitat complexes (X)
X01 Estuaries (X01)
X02 Saline coastal lagoons (X02)
X03 Brackish coastal lagoons (X03)
X04 Raised bog complexes (X04)
X05 Snow patches (X05)
X06 Crops shaded by trees (X06)
X07 Intensively-farmed crops interspersed with strips of semi-natural vegetation (X07)
X09 Pasture woods (with a tree layer overlying pasture) (X09)
X10 Mosaic landscapes with a woodland element (bocages) (X10)
X11 Large parks (X11)
X13 Land sparsely wooded with broadleaved deciduous trees (X13)
X14 Land sparsely wooded with broadleaved evergreen trees (X14)
X15 Land sparsely wooded with coniferous trees (X15)
X16 Land sparsely wooded with mixed broadleaved and coniferous trees (X16)
X18 Wooded steppe (X18)
X19 Wooded tundra (X19)
X20 Treeline ecotones (X20)
X22 Small city centre non-domestic gardens (X22)
X23 Large non-domestic gardens (X23)
X24 Domestic gardens of city and town centres (X24)
X25 Domestic gardens of villages and urban peripheries (X25)
X27 Machair complexes (X27)
X28 Blanket bog complexes (X28)
X29 Salt lake islands (X29)
X30 Bentho-pelagic habitats (X30)
X31 Mosaics of mobile and non-mobile substrata in the littoral zone (X31)
X32 Mosaics of mobile and non-mobile substrata in the infralittoral zone (X32)
X33 Mosaics of mobile and non-mobile substrata in the circalittoral zone (X33)