Physics and astronomy

Advanced Condensed State Physics

Module code: F3231
Level 6
15 credits in spring teaching
Teaching method: Workshop, Lecture
Assessment modes: Coursework, Unseen examination

This module covers the following topics:

  • Electronic Energy bands in Solids. Electrons in periodic potentials; Brillouin Zones; Bloch states. Nearly Free Electron (NFE) model. Tight-Binding Approximation (TBA) model. Band structure of selected metals, insulators and semiconductors. Optical Properties.
  • Electron Dynamics. Electrons and holes. Effective Mass. Mobilities. Magneto-transport.
  • Semiconductors. Classification; Energy Gaps. Donor and Acceptor doping. Equilibrium carrier statistics in intrinsic and doped materials. Temperature dependence of electrical and optical properties.
  • Semiconductor Devices. p-n junctions. Diodes, LEDs, Lasers, Transistors. Superlattices and 2DEG devices. 
  • Lattice Defects. Types of defects. Electronic and optical effects of defects in semiconductors and insulators.

Pre-requisite

Pre-requisites:
Level 5: (F3239) Quantum Mechanics 1 [T2]
Level 6: (F3230) Condensed State Physics [T1]

Module learning outcomes

  • Ability to describe the electronic and optical properties of solids in terms of their band structure
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the behaviour of semiconducting materials and how this is used in devices.
  • Ability to describe the role of defects on various electronic and optical properties of solids.