My main interests are in the political economy of climate and energy policy, including the political stabililty of decarbonisation policies in the energy sector, and the role of incumbents in influencing policy design.

Most of my recent research has focused on the UK, but I am particularly interested in how differences in institutional contexts between countries affect policies and outcomes. I have undertaken research on: the policy framework for coal-fired power generation in the UK; personal carbon trading; the effects of framing on public acceptability of climate policy; the political sustainability of the UK Climate Change Act; the governance of energy industry codes; the implications of Brexit for the UK electicity sector; corporate influence on the design of the Capacity Market; contrasting approaches to credible commitment to climate policy across countries with different electoral systems, and right-wing populism and climate scepticism.

Current interests include: the influence of authoritarian nationalist populism on climate and renewsable energy policies; the politics of phasing out coal; the comparative politics of climate policy costs in the UK and Europe, and comparative analysis of heat decarbonisation strategies in the UK and the Netherlands.

I am currently leading an exchange programme between Sussex and Renmin University in Beijing on comparartive institutional arrangements for phasing out coal use in China and Europe.