Reference Management Tools
Reference management software and web-based tools allow you to:
- Collect, store, organise and format references
- Create bibliographies and in-text citations
- Cite as you write in Word and other word-processing software
- Annotate, store and share PDFs.
These tools are particularly useful when writing a dissertation or long assignment in which you cite the work of others.
To find out which referencing style to use in your work, refer to your course handbook or contact your school office.
The Library at Sussex provides detailed guides for the most popular tools:
You can also refer to a regularly updated Wikipedia guide to reference management software.
See the table below for a quick comparison:
|Software||Cost||Online/Desktop||Storage||Word processor||Citation styles||Advantages|
|EndNote||Once-off payment (owned by Clarivate Analytics; the software is already installed on Sussex computers; see Sussex discount for personal computers)||Both: Synchronise across all devices||Unlimited||Word, LibreOffice, OpenOffice, Pages||6000+||Collect the largest number of references; collect references easily from PubMed, Web of Science; online support|
|EndNote Basic||Free (with Sussex subscription)||Online only||50,000 references; 2GB for attachment imports||Word||21||Free, though limited version of EndNote|
|Mendeley||Free (owned by Elsevier, an information and analytics company)||Both: Synchronise across all devices||2GB free|
Word, LibreOffice, NeoOffice, OpenOffice
|9000+||Integrated PDF tools; enhanced sharing with other researchers; online support|
|Zotero||Free, open source||Both: Synchronise across all devices||300MB free||Word, LibreOffice, NeoOffice, OpenOffice||9000+||One-click capture with most databases; store a diverse range of sources; online community|
|Juris-M||Free, open source||Both: Synchronise across all devices||300MB free||Word, LibreOffice, NeoOffice, OpenOffice||9000+||Enhanced legal and multilingual referencing|
|Zotero Bib||Free, open source||Online only||NA: One-off bibliographies stored in local browser||Word, LibreOffice, NeoOffice, OpenOffice||9000+||Create one-off bibliographies without opening an account; may be especially useful for undergraduates|