Puay’s research foci include the following. (1) Academic entrepreneurship (university-industry relations), which examines the strategies deployed by universities to exploit their intellectual assets, analyzes the evolving IP management practices by Higher Education Institutions, models of Knowledge Transfer Offices., and models for international knowledge exchange. (2) Effect of technologies on the IPR regime, such as 3-D printing, among others. (3) Development of impact assessment and evaluation approaches; development of Social Sciences and Humanities indicators; the contribution of the Social Sciences to policymaking, and the benefits of publicly funded research. (3) IT innovation, including cybercrime.